Principality of Moldavia
Moldova (Ţara Moldovei) (ro)
Vassal of the Ottoman Empire (1514-1859)


Flag Coat of arms
Moldavia under Stephen the Great, 1483
Capital Baia, Siret 1343-1388
Suceava 1388-1564
Iaşi 1564-1859
Language(s) Romanian (commonly used, later official), Church Slavonic (in early official use)
Government Absolute monarchy
Princes of Moldavia (Voivodes, Hospodars)
 - 1346-1353 (first) Dragoş
 - 1859-1862 (last) Alexander John Cuza
 - Foundation of the Moldavian mark 1346
 - De Jure Union with Wallachia 1859
Currency Taler
History of Moldova
Coat of arms of Moldavie
This article is part of a series
Chernyakhov culture
Dacia, Free Dacians
Early Middle Ages
Origin of the Romanians
Golden Horde
Principality of Moldavia
Stephen the Great
Early Modern Era
United Principalities
Bessarabia Governorate
Treaty of Bucharest
Moldavian Democratic Republic
Sfatul Ţării
Greater Romania
Union of Bessarabia with Romania
The Holocaust in Romanian-controlled territories
Moldavian ASSR
Moldavian SSR
Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
Soviet deportations
Republic of Moldova
Independence of Moldova
War of Transnistria
History of independent Moldova

Moldova Portal
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History of Romania
Coat of arms of Romania
This article is part of a series
Dacian Wars
Roman Dacia
Thraco-Roman syncretism
Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
History of Transylvania
Foundation of Wallachia
Foundation of Moldavia
Early Modern Times
Principality of Transylvania
Danubian Principalities
National awakening
Organic Statute
1848 Moldavian Revolution
1848 Wallachian Revolution
United Principalities
War of Independence
Kingdom of Romania
World War I
Union with Transylvania
Union with Bessarabia
Greater Romania
Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
World War II
Communist Romania
Soviet occupation
1989 Revolution
Romania since 1989
Military history

Romania Portal
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Moldavia (Romanian: Moldova pronounced [molˈdova]) is a geographic and historical region and former principality in Eastern Europe, corresponding to the territory between the Eastern Carpathians and the Dniester river. An initially independent and later autonomous state, it existed from the 14th century to 1859, when it united with Wallachia as the basis of the modern Romanian state; at various times, the state included the regions of Bessarabia (with the Budjak), all of Bukovina and (under Stephen the Great) Pokuttya. The western part of Moldavia is now part of Romania and the eastern part belongs to the Republic of Moldova, while the northern and south-eastern parts are territories of Ukraine.


Name and etymology

The original and short-lived reference to the region was Bogdania, after Bogdan I, the founding figure of the principality. The names Moldavia and Moldova are derived from the name of the Moldova River; however, the etymology is not known and there are several variants:[1][2]

  • a legend mentioned in Descriptio Moldaviae by Dimitrie Cantemir links it to an aurochs hunting trip of the Maramureş voivode Dragoş, and the latter's chase of a star-marked bull. Dragoş was accompanied by his female hound called Molda; when they reached shores of an unfamiliar river, Molda caught up with the animal and was killed by it. The dog's name would have been given to the river, and extended to the country.
  • the old German Molde, meaning "open-pit mine"
  • the Gothic Mulda (Gothic:

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • MOLDAVIA — German. Moldaw, Gallis Moldavie, pars antea Hungariae, nunc proprium habet Principem, sub clientela Turcar. Ibi alias pars Daciae Orientalis. Terminatur a Septentrione Poloniâ, ab Ortu Bessarabiâ, a Meridie Bulgariâ, ab Occasu Walachiâ. Urbes… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Moldavia — Forma tradicional española del nombre de este país de Europa, antigua república soviética, así como de la región histórica que constituyó el antiguo principado homónimo, que comprendía territorios de la actual Rumanía: «Solo en China, Pakistán,… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Moldavia — Latinized form of MOLDOVA (Cf. Moldova) …   Etymology dictionary

  • moldávia — s. f. [Botânica] Planta lamiácea, espécie de erva cidreira …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • moldavia — MOLDAVIA, voyez Dace …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Moldavia — [mäl dā′vē ə, mäldāv′yə] 1. region & former principality in E Europe, east of the Carpathians: merged with Walachia (1861) to form Romania 2. MOLDAVIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC Moldavian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Moldavia — Para otros usos de este término, véase Moldavia (desambiguación). Republica Moldova República de Moldavia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Moldavia — La República de Moldova (también llamada Moldavia) es un país sin salida al mar de la Europa del Este, que limita con Rumanía por el Oeste y con Ucrania por el Este. Anteriormente era una de las repúblicas de la Unión Soviética. * * * ► Región… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Moldavia — /mol day vee euh, vyeuh/, n. 1. a region in NE Rumania: formerly a principality that united with Wallachia to form Rumania. Cap.: Jassy. 2. Official name, Moldova. Formerly, Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. a republic in SE Europe: formed in… …   Universalium

  • Moldavia — Se recomienda el uso de Moldavia, en lugar de Moldova, por ser Moldavia el término tradicional en español …   Diccionario español de neologismos

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