HBV hydrology model

HBV hydrology model

The HBV hydrology model, or Hydrologiska Byråns Vattenbalansmodell, is a computer simulation used to analyze river discharge and water pollution. Developed originally for use in Scandinavia [Bergström, S., 1976. Development and application of a conceptual runoff model for Scandinavian catchments, "SMHI Report" RHO 7, Norrköping, 134 pp.] [Bergström, S. 1995. The HBV model. In: Singh, V.P. (Ed.) "Computer Models of Watershed Hydrology". Water Resources Publications, Highlands Ranch, CO., pp. 443-476. ] , this hydrological transport model has also been applied in a large number of catchments on most continents [Oudin, L., Hervieu, F., Michel, C., Perrin, C., Andréassian, V., Anctil, F. and Loumagne, C. 2005. Which potential evapotranspiration input for a lumped rainfall–runoff model? Part 2—Towards a simple and efficient potential evapotranspiration model for rainfall–runoff modelling. "Journal of Hydrology", 303, 290-306. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2004.08.026] ] [Perrin, C., Michel, C. and Andréassian, V. 2001. Does a large number of parameters enhance model performance? Comparative assessment of common catchment model structures on 429 catchments. "Journal of Hydrology", 242, 275-301. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00393-0] ] . =Discharge Modelling=This is the major application of HBV, and has gone through much refinement [Lindström, G., Gardelin, M., Johansson, B., Persson, M. and Bergström, S. 1997. Development and test of the distributed HBV-96 hydrological model. "Journal of Hydrology", 201, 272-288. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(97)00041-3] ] . It comprises the following routines:
* Snow routine
* Soil moisture routine
* Response function
* Routing routine

HBV has been used for discharge modelling in many countries worldwide, including Brazil, China [Zhang, X. and Lindström, G. 1996. A comparative study of a Swedish and a Chinese hydrological model. "Water Resources Bulletin", 32, 985-994. [http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=3231134] ] , Iran [Masih, I., Uhlenbrook, S., Ahmad, M.D. and Maskey, S. 2008. Regionalization of a conceptual rainfall runoff model based on similarity of the flow duration curve: a case study from Karkheh river basin, Iran. Geophysical Research Abstracts, SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2008-A-00226. [http://www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU2008/00226/EGU2008-A-00226.pdf] ] , Mozambique [Andersson, L., Hellström, S.-S., Kjellström, E., Losjö, K., Rummukainen, M., Samuelsson, P. and Wilk, J. 2006. Modelling Report: Climate change impacts on water resources in the Pungwe drainage basin. "SMHI Report" 2006-41, Norrköping, 92 pp. [http://www.pungweriver.net/Download/ENG/Monograph/Monograph%20Annex%20III%20English.pdf] ] , Sweden [Seibert, J. 1999. Regionalisation of parameters for a conceptual rainfall-runoff model. "Agricultural and Forest Meteorology", 98-99, 279-293. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-1923(99)00105-7] ] and Zimbabwe [Lidén, R. and Harlin, J. 2000. Analysis of conceptual rainfall–runoff modelling performance in different climates. "Journal of Hydrology", 238, 231-247. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00330-9] ] .

=Sediment and Solute Modelling=The HBV model can also simulate the riverine transport of sediment and dissolved solids. Lidén simulated the transport of nitrogen, phosphorus and suspended sediment in Brazil, Estonia, Sweden and Zimbabwe [Lidén, R., "Conceptual Runoff Models for Material Transport Estimations", PhD dissertation, Lund University, Lund, Sweden (2000)] [Lidén, R., Harlin, J., Karlsson, M. and Rahmberg, M. 2001. Hydrological modelling of fine sediments in the Odzi River, Zimbabwe. "Water SA", 27, 303-315. [http://www.wrc.org.za/archives/watersa%20archive/2001/July/1312.pdf] ] .

=See also=

*Hydrological transport model
*Runoff model

= References=

=External links= [http://www.smhi.se/sgn0106/if/hydrologi/hbv.htm The HBV model] at the Swedish Department of Climate (SMHI)

[http://people.su.se/~jseib/HBV/HBV_light.html HBV light] at Stockholm University

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