- Bonavista, Newfoundland and Labrador
official_name = Bonavista
settlement_type = Town
image_caption = Bonavista harbour, looking north. The large building in the center of the photo houses a replica of
John Cabot's ship, the "Matthew".
pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Bonavista in Newfoundland
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = NL
leader_title = Mayor
area_total_km2 = 31.5
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 3764
population_density_km2 = 127.6
utc_offset = -3:30
timezone_DST = Newfoundland Daylight
utc_offset_DST = -2:30
latd = 48
latm = 39
lats = 35
latNS = N
longd = 53
longm = 7
longs = 15
longEW = W
coordinates_display = inline,title
coordinates_type = type:city_region:CA-NF_scale:25000
area_code = 709
website = http://www.bonavista.net
Bonavista (2006 population: 3,764) is a
townon the Bonavista Peninsula, Newfoundland in the Canadian provinceof Newfoundland and Labrador. Unlike many Newfoundland coastal settlements, Bonavista was built on an open plain, not in a steep cove, and thus had room to expand to its current areaof 31.5 square kilometres.
Giovanni Caboto( John Cabot), a freelance Venetian explorer, was contracted by England’s Henry VII to find new lands, and a sea route to the Orient. Cabot set sail from Bristol, Englandin his ship the "Matthew" in 1497. When Cabot first saw land he’s reputed to have said "O Buon Vista" (“Oh, Happy Sight!”) [cite encyclopedia
title = Bonavista
encyclopedia = The Canadian Encyclopedia
publisher = Historica Foundation of Canada
accessdate =2008-01-26] , giving rise to the name of the town and nearby
Cape Bonavista, The harbour was not ideal, eventually requiring the construction of several breakwaters. Despite this Bonavista became one of the most important towns in Newfoundland due to its proximity to the rich fishing and sealing grounds to the north of the peninsula. The Spanish, Portuguese, French and English fished off Cape Bonavista during the 1500s, but the Spanish and Portuguese presence soon declined, leaving the French and English as the dominant powers. [cite web|url=http://www.heritage.nf.ca/exploration/fpres_international.html|title=The International Fishery of the 16th Century|publisher=Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Project, Memorial University of Newfoundland|date=1997|accessdate=2008-01-26] Tension between the French and English sometimes resulted in military action, including an unsuccessful attempt in 1704 by the French to burn the town. [cite web|url=http://www.therooms.ca/museum/mnotes10.asp|title=Museum Notes - A Century of Armed Conflict in Newfoundland|author=Bernard Ransom|date=1991|publisher=The Rooms, Newfoundland Provincial Museum|accessdate=2008-01-26] The French Shore, which had Bonavista as its eastern terminus, was established by the Treaty of Utrechtin 1713. Fishing rights in the area continued to be a source of tension between the French and English. [cite web|url=http://www.heritage.nf.ca/exploration/french_shore.html|title=The French Treaty Shore|author=J.K. Hiller|publisher=Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Web Site Project, Memorial University of Newfoundland|date=2001|accessdate=2008-01-26]
Bonavista was a major commercial centre and the evidence for this is preserved at the
Ryan Premises, a National Historic Site maintained by Parks Canada. It is a restored example of a large fish merchant's operation.
Bonavista’s status was further enhanced by the development of the
Fisherman's Protective Unionin the early 1900s, and the creation of nearby Port Union. During the peak years of 1891-1901, the Bonavista Peninsula's population of about 20,000 was centred in Bonavista. The Bonavista Cold Storage Co. fish plant, now a [http://fisheryproducts.com/Production/fpiusaw.nsf/our_storyindex.html?readform&10CorporateProfile| Fishery Products International] operation, became the centre of fishery production after the decline of salt fish markets.
In 1722 the first school in Newfoundland was built in Bonavista by Rev. Henry Jones.
Nissan television commercial
In 2006, The automobile company Nissan has developed and manufactured a new SUV named
Nissan X-TrailBonavista Edition, which was supposedly inspired by the beauty of Newfoundland and named after the historical town. However, the commercial itself backfired when Bonavista Mayor Betty Fitzgerald, claimed it had portrayed people in Bonavista as people who cannot speak properly. To further expose the commercial's lack of linguistic authenticity, CBC News reported the sales rep was played by an actor from Cape Breton Island[http://www.cbc.ca/news/yourview/2006/09/tongues_wag_in_bonavista_over.html] .
That commercial was parodied by a local car dealer in
St. John's, Newfoundlandin a radio ad that takes shots at Ontario marketing companies and Premier Dalton McGuinty's "nondescript" personality. [http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20060925/nfld_ad_060925/20060925]
Population in 2001 (1) 4,021
Population in 1996 (2) 4,526
1996 to 2001 population change (%) -11.2
Total private dwellings 1,638
Population density per square kilometre 127.6
Land area (square km) 31.50
*The Ryan Premises
*The Matthew Replica
*The Mockbeggar Plantation
*White Rock Murals
NHLplayer Michael Ryderis from Bonavista.
* Bonavista is mentioned in the most common Canadian adaptation of the folk song
This Land Is Your Land. The lyric, "From Bonavista to Vancouver Island" is used to illustrate the breadth of the country.
Heritage Foundation of Newfoundland and Labrador
List of cities and towns in Newfoundland and Labrador
* [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/Profil01/Details/details1.cfm?SEARCH=BEGINS&ID=1936&PSGC=10&SGC=1007023&DataType=1&LANG=E&Province=10&PlaceName=bonavista&CMA=&CSDNAME=Bonavista&A=&TypeNameE=Town&Prov= Statistics Canada 2001 Community Profile - Bonavista, Newfoundland and Labrador]
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