Treaty 1

Treaty 1

Treaty 1 was an agreement established August 3, 1871 between Queen Victoria and various First Nations in South Eastern Manitoba including the Chippewa and Swampy Cree tribes. This would be the first treaty signed since the 1867 formation of the modern Canadian Government and one year after the Province of Manitoba was formed as a part of the Canadian Confederation. Alexander Morris was an important negotiator of these treaties, but the Ojibwe and others may have set the agenda, and wanted good treaties before many settlers would be allowed to enter the area. It was also known as the Stone Fort Treaty, based on the nickname of Lower Fort Garry, Manitoba where the treaty was signed. Treaty 1 and Treaty 2 were amended by a Canadian government order-in-council on April 30, 1875 to add provisions which were originally promised verbally by the government. Similar "outside promises" were included in the text of 1873's Treaty 3 adding further pressure on the government to include such provisions in the earlier treaties.

List of Treaty 1 First Nations

* Brokenhead Ojibway Nation
* Fort Alexander (Sagkeeng First Nation)
* Long Plain First Nation
* Peguis First Nation
* Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation
* Sandy Bay First Nation
* Swan Lake First Nation

ee also

* List of treaties
* The Canadian Crown and First Nations, Inuit and Métis

External links

* [http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/trts/trty1-2_e.html Indian and Northern Affairs Canada: Treaty 1 text]
* [http://www.manitobachiefs.com/treaty/retracing.html Manitoba Chiefs: First Nations Treaties with the British Crown]


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