1886 in Ireland

1886 in Ireland


*January - Protestants in Ulster, known as Unionists, begin to lobby against Irish Home Rule establishing the Ulster Loyal Anti-Repeal Union in Belfast.
*March - Prime Minister Gladstone announces his support for Irish Home Rule.
*8 April - Gladstone introduces Home Rule Bill for Ireland to the House of Commons. ["Edward Carson". A.T.Q. Stewart, Gill's Irish Lives, Gill & Macmillan, Dublin 1981]
*June - Eight Irish Catholics are killed during riots following Protestant celebrations of the defeat of the First Home Bill.
*8 June - The First Home Rule Bill fails to pass the British Parliament at a vote of 343-313.
* 12 June - In a statement to Parliament, Gladstone calls for a general election and, with the dissolution of Parliament, an official election is held the next month.
*July-September - Thirty-one Irish Catholics are killed during riots after the Orange Order Parades.
* The first of Irish tenant farmers are evicted during the first year of the Plan of Campaign.
* Secretary of the Treasury H.H. Fowler states his support for Irish Home Rule Bill which in his words would bring about a ‘real Union—not an act of Parliament Union—but a moral Union, a Union of heart and soul between two Sister Nations’.
* Lord Randolph Churchill voices his opposition to the Irish Home Rule Bill with the slogan "Ulster will fight, Ulster will be right".
* The 1886 Tramways Act allows the Board of Works to grant loans to railway companies including 54,400 pounds to the West Clare Railway one of the first railways to be built in western Ireland.
* Maud Gonne's father passes away leaving her a wealthy inheritance ensuring her financial independence.
* Synge joins the Dublin Naturalist's Field Club
* Over 50 people are killed in anti-Unionist riots in Belfast, Ulster.
* Charles Cunningham Boycott, supposedly from which the word derived from protests he began, leaves Ireland permanently.
* Molly Malone, the real life character supposedly portrayed in the Irish folk song "Sweet Molly Malone" and Dublin statue, dies of a fever.

Arts and literature

* December - W. B. Yeats poem "The Stolen Child" is published.
* Yeats's verse play "Mosada"
* Dublin Lodge of Theosophical Society founded
* Dowden's "Life of Shelley"
* Moore's novel "A Drama in Muslin" is published.
* Emily Lawless publishes "Hurrish".
* T. P. O'Connor publishes "The Parnell Movement".
* Dublin University professor Dr. G.T. Stokes publishes "Ireland and the Celtic Church"
* Rev. J. A. Wylie's "A History of the Scottish Nation, a valuable resource of Celtic Ireland", is published.



* December - The Dublin University Harriers Club is founded in an effort to promote cross country running.


* March 18 - The Irish Chess Association is invited to a match against the Belfast Chess Club in an advertisement in the Belfast Newsletter and Northern Whig.
* September 20-October 1 - The Irish Chess Association holds a national tournament, consisting of an even and handicap tournament, as Richard Barnett (although W.K. Pollock gained a full score) defeats British Chessmasters John Blackburne and Amos Burn filling the vacancy by former champion Porterfield Rynd.


*International::27 February Wales 5 - 0 Ireland (in Wrexham)cite book | last=Hayes, Dean| year=2006 |title=Northern Ireland International Football Facts | publisher=Appletree Press | location= Belfast | pages=p 150|isbn=0-86281-874-5] ::12 March Ireland 1 - 6 England (in Belfast)::20 March Ireland 2 - 7 Scotland (in Belfast)

*Irish Cup::Winners: Distillery 1 - 0 Limavady Alexander

Gaelic Games

* The first Gaelic Athletic Association match in the United States is held between Kerry and Galway in Boston, Massachusetts.


* Polo player John Watson wins the Irish Dublin Cup.
* The British polo team, including two players from the All Ireland Polo Club, win the American Newport Cup.


January to June

*9 February - Edwin Maxwell, actor (d.1948).
*21 March - Oscar Traynor, Fianna Fáil politician (d.1963).
*25 March - Jack McAuliffe, boxer (d.1937).
*3 April - David Nelson, soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross for gallantry in 1914 at Néry, France (d.1918).
*10 May - Richard Mulcahy, Chief of Staff, TD, Cabinet Minister and former leader of Fine Gael (d.1971).
*5 June - Alexander McCabe, Sinn Féin MP, member of 1st Dáil, Cumann na nGaedhael TD (d.1972).
*24 June - George Shiels, dramatist (d.1949).

July to December

*13 July - Edward J. Flanagan, popularly known as Father Flanagan founder of Boys Town in Nebraska (d.1948).
*28 August - Pat Hone, cricketer (d.1976).
*4 October - Lennox Robinson, dramatist, poet and theatre director and producer (d.1958).
*10 October - Louis Meldon, cricketer (d.1956).
*8 December - James Geoghegan, Fianna Fáil TD, Minister for Justice, Attorney General of Ireland and Justice of the Supreme Court (d.1951).
*12 December - Owen Moore, actor (d.1939).

Full date unknown

*Jack Beattie, politician and trade unionist.
*Patrick Hogan, Irish Labour Party, TD, Ceann Comhairle of Dáil Éireann (d.1969).
*Frank MacDermot, barrister, soldier, banker and politician (d.1975).
*W. F. McCoy, Ulster Unionist member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland (d.1976).
*Alice Milligan, author.


*12 March - Trevor Chute, British Army officer (b.1816).
*4 May - James Muspratt, chemical manufacturer in Britain (b.1793).
*11 June - James Alipius Goold, Roman Catholic Bishop and Archbishop of Melbourne (b.1812).
*11 June - Thomas Francis Hendricken, first Bishop of Providence, Rhode Island (b.1827).
*9 August - Samuel Ferguson, poet, barrister, antiquarian, artist and public servant (b.1810).
*10 October - Joseph M. Scriven, poet and philanthropist (b.1820).
*10 December - Abraham Dowdney, United States Representative from New York and officer in the Union army in the American Civil War (b.1841).
*19 December - Robert Spencer Dyer Lyons, physician and politician (b.1826).
*30 December - George Fletcher Moore, explorer and writer (b.1798).

Full date unknown

*Andrew Nicholl, artist (b.1804).


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