Department of Trade and Industry (Philippines)

Department of Trade and Industry (Philippines)
Department of Trade and Industry
Kagawaran ng Kalakalan at Industriya
DTI Logo.png
Department overview
Formed June 23, 1898
Headquarters Industry & Investments Building, 385 Senator Gil Puyat Avenue, Makati
Annual budget P2.118 billion (2011)
Department executive Gregory Domingo

The PhilippinesDepartment of Trade and Industry (Filipino: Kagawaran ng Kalakalan at Industriya), abbreviated as DTI is the executive department of the Philippine Government tasked to expand Philippine trade, industries and investments as the means to generate jobs and raise incomes for Filipinos. It acts as catalyst for intensified private sector activity in order to accelerate and sustain economic growth through comprehensive industrial growth strategy, progressive and socially responsible trade liberalization and deregulation programs and policymaking designed for the expansion and diversification of Philippine trade - both domestic and foreign furthermore this is one of the most corrupt agencies stealing people'money for their personal interest.

The national organizational set up of the department include Industry and Investments Group, International Trade Group, Consumer Welfare and Trade Regulation, Regional Operations and Development Group, Management Services and Support Group, Policy, Planning, and Communications Group. Its hierarchical organization include 33 foreign trade service posts, 16 regional offices, 81 provincial/city/area offices, 13 bureaus, 7 attached agencies, 7 attached corporations, and 10 service offices. The department is headed by a Secretary (equivalent to Minister) and assisted by Undersecretaries (equivalent to Deputy Minister) which take charge of certain sub-department each, and Assistant Secretaries which serve as specialized assistants of the Secretary.



The Department of Trade and Industry had its beginnings on June 23, 1898 when President [Aguinaldo] formed three government agencies, the Departments of Navy, Commerce, Agriculture and Manufacturing.

On September 6, 1901, the Philippine Commission established the Department of Commerce (and Police). After World War II, President Manuel Roxas issued Executive Order (EO) No. 94 on October 4, 1947 creating the Department of Commerce and Industry (DCI). Cornelio Balmaceda, a much sought-after professor of economics and director of the Bureau of Commerce (BOC), was appointed acting secretary of the newly created Department of Commerce and Industry.

Prior to EO 94, the Bureau of Commerce was tasked to develop and promote the country's trade and industry, under the overall supervision of the Department of Agriculture and Commerce, as stipulated by Act 4007 by the Philippine Legislature, enacted on December 5, 1932.

By 1972, the DCI had grown into a big organization with 10 regular bureaus and 22 agencies under its direct supervision. The DCI was mandated to promote, develop, expand, regulate and control of foreign and domestic trade and industry, as well as tourism.

To have closer supervision and to ensure more effective delivery of services, President Ferdinand E. Marcos issued Presidential Decree (PD) 189 on May 11, 1973 creating the Department of Tourism to handle all tourism-related matters. A year later on June 21, 1974, Marcos issued PD 488 creating the Department of Industry whose principal function was to promote and enhance the growth of the country's existing and thriving industries.

On June 2, 1975, the Department of Trade was created under PD 721 to pursue efforts of the government toward strengthening the country's socio-economic development, particularly in the area of commercial activities. A key strategy of the new department was vigorous export promotion to generate much needed foreign exchange. A Bureau of Foreign Trade was also particularly established to push for domestic trade and marketing programs.

In the early 1980s, the Marcos government's goal of national economic development required the need to hew industrial promotion efforts with the expansion of Philippine trade overseas. This resulted in the creation of the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MOTI) on July 27, 1981, which took over the functions of the subsequently abolished Departments of Trade and of Industry.

Drastic changes followed after the 1986 EDSA Revolution. President Corazon Aquino signed Executive Order No. 133 on February 27, 1987 effectively reorganizing the Ministry of Trade and Industry and renaming it the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). This was further strengthened by the issuance of Executive Order 292 (Administrative Code of 1987). Other latter legislations have also amended its functions and structures.

Secretaries of Trade and Industry

Name From Until President/s served
Cornelio Balmaceda 1947 1948 Manuel Roxas
Placido L. Mapa 1948 1953 Elpidio Quirino
Oscar Ledesma 1953 1957 Ramon Magsaysay
Pedro C. Hernaez 1957 1960 Carlos Garcia
Manuel Lim 1960 1962
Diosdado Macapagal
Rufino G. Hechanova 1962 1963
Cornelio Balmaceda 1963 1965
Marcelo Balatbat 1965 1968 Ferdinand Marcos
Leonides Virata 1969 1970
Ernesto Maceda 1970 1971
Troadio T. Quiazon 1971 1974
Vicente T. Paterno 1974 1979
Luis R. Villafuerte, Sr. 1979 1981
Roberto V. Ongpin 1981 1986
Jose A. Concepcion, Jr. 1986 1991 Corazon Aquino
Peter D. Garrucho 1991 1992
Lilia R. Bautista 1992 1992 Fidel Ramos
Rizalino S. Navarro 1992 1996
Cesar B. Bautista 1996 1998
Jose T. Pardo 1998 1999 Joseph Estrada
Manuel Roxas II 1999 2003
Gloria Arroyo
Cesar A.V. Purisima 2004 2005
Juan B. Santos 2005 2005
Peter B. Favila 2005 2010
Gregory L. Domingo 2010 present Benigno Aquino III


The Philippine's Department of Trade and Industry has the following Undersecretaries which take charge of the department's line bureaus and attached agencies:

  1. Undersecretary for Industry and Investments which takes charge of Board of Investments; Export Processing Zone Authority; Bureau of Small and Medium Business Development; Bureau of Import Services; Iron and Steel Authority; Construction Industry Authority of the Philippines;
  2. Undersecretary for Domestic Trade which takes charge of Bureau of Patents, Trademarks, and Technology Transfer; Bureau of Trade Regulation and Consumer Protection; Bureau of Domestic Trade Promotion; Bureau of Product Standards; Videogram Regulatory Board;
  3. Undersecretary for International Trade which takes charge of Bureau of Export trade Promotion; Bureau of International Trade Relations; Philippine International Trading Corporation; Garments and Textile Export Board; International Coffee Organization—Certifying Agency; Foreign Trade Service Corps; Center for International Trade Expositions and Missions; Bonded Export Marketing Board; Philippine Shippers’ Council; Philippine Trade Training Center; Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines;
  4. Undersecretary for Regional Operations which takes charge of Office for Luzon Operations; Office for Visayas Operations; Office for Mindanao Operations. Regional operations are grouped into zonal operations for Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

Attached Agencies

The following are attached agencies of the Department of Trade and Industry:

  • Board of Investment
  • Center for International Trade Exposition and Missions
  • Intellectual Property Office
  • National Development Corporation
  • Optical Media Board
  • Philippine Economic Zone Authority
  • Philippine National Construction Corporation
  • Philippine Trade Training Center
  • Product Development and Design Center of the Philippines
  • Small Business Corporation
  • Videogram Regulatory Board

Attached agencies are actually sub-agencies of any national departments of the national government organization in the Philippines in which creation is established by special laws and its operation is independent of its mother unit. The mother unit only serves as supervisory on these special attached agencies.


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