- Roy Thomas
Infobox Comics creator
imagesize = 150
birthdate = birth date and age|1940|11|22
nationality = American
area = Writer, Editor
notable works = "Alter Ego", "Conan", "
Uncanny X-Men", " Iron Fist"
Alley Award, 1969
Shazam Award, 1971, 1973, 1974
Roy Thomas (born
November 22 1940, [" Comics Buyers Guide" #1636 (December 2007) p. 135] Missouri, United States) is a comic book writerand editor, and Stan Lee's first successor as editor-in-chiefof Marvel Comics. He is possibly best known for introducing the pulp magazinehero Conan the Barbarianto American comics, with a series that added to the storyline of Robert E. Howard's character and helped launch a sword and sorcerytrend in comics. Thomas is also known for his championing of Golden Age comic-book heroes — particularly the 1940s superheroteam the Justice Society of America— and for lengthy writing stints on Marvel's " X-Men" and "Avengers", and DC Comics' " All-Star Squadron", among other titles.
Early life and career
As a child, Thomas was a devoted comic book fan, and in grade school he wrote and drew his own comics for distribution to friends and family. The first of these was All-Giant Comics, which he recalls as having featured such characters as Elephant Giant. ["The Avengers Annual" #1 (1967), biographical text page] He graduated from college in 1961, having majored in history and social science, and then worked for four years as a teacher.
Thomas became an early and active member of Silver Age comic book
fandomwhen it organized in the early 1960s — primarily around Dr. Jerry Bails, whose enthusiasm for the rebirth of superhero comics during that period led Bails to found the fanzine"Alter Ego", an early focal point of fandom. Thomas, then a high schoolEnglish teacher, was an enthusiastic contributor to "AE", and took over as editor in 1964 when Bails moved on to other pursuits. Letters from him appeared regularly in the letters pages of both DC and Marvel Comics.
In 1965, Thomas came to
New York Cityto take a job at DC Comics, as assistant to Mort Weisinger, then the editor of the Supermantitles. "I'd already written a " Jimmy Olsen" script a few months before, while still living and teaching in the St. Louis area," Thomas recalled. "I worked at DC for eight days in late June and very early July of 1965" ["Alter Ego" Vol. 3, #50 (July 2005): " 'Roy the Boy' in the Marvel Age of Comics" (interview), p. 4] before accepting a job at Marvel Comics:
To that point, editor-in-chief Lee had been the main scripter of Marvel publications, with his brother,
Larry Lieber, picking up the slack as a sometime-scripter of Lee-plotted stories. Thomas soon became the first new Marvel writer to sustain a presence, at a time when comics veterans such as Robert Bernstein, Ernie Hart, Leon Lazarusand Don Rico, and fellow newcomers Steve Skeates(hired a couple of weeks earlier) and Dennis O'Neil(brought in at Thomas' recommendation a few months later), did not.
His inauspicious Marvel debut was the romantic-adventure story "Whom Can I Turn To?" in the "
Millie the Model" spin-off "Modeling with Millie" #44 (Dec. 1965) — for which the credits and the logo were inadvertently left off due to a production glitch, resulting in this being left off most credit lists. ["Alter Ego" vol. 3, #50, p. 8] Thomas' first Marvel superhero scripting was "My Life for Yours", the "Iron Man" feature in " Tales of Suspense" #73 (Jan. 1966), working from a Lee plot as well as a plot assist from secretary Steinberg. Thomas estimates that Lee rewrote approximately half of that fledgling attempt.
Thomas' earliest Marvel work also included the teen-romance title "Patsy and Hedy" #104-105 (Feb.-April 1966), and two "
Doctor Strange" stories, plotted by Lee and Steve Ditko, in " Strange Tales" #143-144 (April-May 1966). Two previously written freelance stories for Charlton Comicsalso saw print: "The Second Trojan War" in " Son of Vulcan" #50 (Jan. 1966) and "The Eye of Horus" in " Blue Beetle" #54 (March 1966). "When Stan saw the couple of Charlton stories I'd written earlier in more of a Gardner Foxstyle, he wasn't too impressed", Thomas recalled. "It's probably a good thing I already had my job at Marvel at that point! I think I was the right person in the right place at the right time, but there are other people who, had they been there, might have been just as right". ["Alter Ego" vol. 3, #50, pp. 9-10]
From sergeants to superheroes
Thomas took on what would be his first long-term Marvel title, the
World War IIseries "Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos", starting with #29 (April 1966) and continuing through #41 (April 1967) and the series' 1966 annual, "Sgt. Fury Special" #2. He also began writing the mutant-superteam title " [Uncanny X-Men| [Uncanny ]X-Men] " from #20-42 (May 1966 - March 1968), and, finally, took over "The Avengers", starting with #35 (Dec. 1966), and continuing until 1972. That notable run was marked by a strong sense of continuity, and stories that ranged from the personal to the cosmic — the latter most prominently with the Kree-Skrull Warin issues #89-97 (June 1971 - March 1972). Thomas, who had turned over "X-Men" to other writers, returned with issue #56 (May 1969) when the series was on the verge of cancellation. While efforts to save it failed — the title ended its initial run with #66 — Thomas' collaboration with artist Neal Adamsthrough #63 (Dec. 1969) is regarded as a Silver Age creative highlight.Fact|date=June 2008 In 1971, with Stan Leeand Gerry Conway, Thomas created Man-Thingand wrote the first Man-Thing story in color comics, after Conway and Len Weinintroduced the character in the black-and-white comics magazine " Savage Tales".
In 1972, when Lee became Marvel's publisher, Thomas succeeded him as editor-in-chief. Thomas by this time had already launched "
Conan the Barbarian", an initially low-selling surprise success due to Thomas' accessible adaptations and original stories, combined with the detailed, Beaux Arts-inspired illustrations of Barry Windsor-Smith. Thomas, who stepped down from his editorship in August 1974, wrote hundreds of Conan stories in a host of Marvel comics and black-and-white magazines. During that time, he and Smith created the sword-wielding woman-warrior Red Sonja, initially as a Conan supporting character.
Thomas also continued to script mainstream titles, including Marvel's flagships, "
The Fantastic Four" and " The Amazing Spider-Man". He launched such new titles as the unusual "non-team" series "The Defenders", as well as "What If", a title that explored alternate histories. In addition, he indulged his love of Golden Age comic-book heroes in the World War II-set superhero series "The Invaders." Thomas also helped create such new characters as the superpowered martial artistIron Fist, the supernatural Brother Voodoo, and the demonic, motorcycle-driving Ghost Rider; had a behind-the-scenes roleFact|date=June 2008 in creating the revamped X-Menteam that would emerge as an eventual blockbuster; and was instrumental in engineering Marvel's comic-book adaptation of the movie "", without which, 1980s editor Jim Shooterbelieved, " [W] e would have gone out of business". [ [http://www.comicbookresources.com/news/newsitem.cgi?id=186 "Comic Book Resources" (Oct. 6, 2000): Jim Shooter Interview, Part 1] : "We had been losing money for several years in the publishing. And y'know, actually a lot of credit should go to Roy Thomas, who — kicking and screaming —had dragged Marvel into doing "Star Wars". If we hadn't done "Star Wars" — what was that, '77? — well, we would have gone out of business".]
DC Comics and later career
In 1981, after several years of freelancing for Marvel and a dispute with then editor-in-chief
Jim Shooter, Thomas signed a three-year exclusivity writing/editing contract with DC. There he began scripting "Wonder Woman" and, with artist Gene Colan, updated the character's costume. He also created the sword-and-sorcery series "Arak, Son of Thunder" and the funny animalcomic " Captain Carrot and his Amazing Zoo Crew".
Thomas realized a childhood dream in writing for the
Justice Society of America(JSA). Reviving the Golden Age group in "Justice League of America" #193 and continuing in " All-Star Squadron", he wrote retro adventures, like those of The Invaders, set in World War II. In addition to the JSA's high-profile heroes, Thomas also revived such characters as Liberty Belle, Johnny Quick, the Shining Knight, Robotman, Firebrand, the Tarantula, and Neptune Perkins. He also addressed the complicated and sometimes contradictory continuity issues surrounding the JSA.
Thomas and "All-Star Squadron" artist
Jerry Ordwayalso launched a JSA spin-off, " Infinity Inc.", set in the present day and depicting the adventures of the JSA's children.
By 1985, following a second three-year contract, and Jim Shooter's departure from Marvel Comics, Thomas returned to Marvel, scripting titles starring
Doctor Strange, Thor, the West Coast Avengers, and Conan, now often co-scripting with his wife, Dann Thomas, or with Jean-Marc Lofficier.
During the 1990s, Thomas began working less for Marvel and DC than for independent companies. He wrote issues of the
TV-seriestie-ins ' and ' for Topps Comics, and collaborated on an adaptation of Richard Wagner's Ring cycle with Gil Kane. He also began writing more for other media, including television, and relaunched "Alter Ego" as a formal magazine in 1998. As of 2008, he lives in South Carolina, and is co-chairman of the board of directors of the comic-book industry charity The Hero Initiative.
"Anthem", a comic book series by Thomas and artists
Daniel Acuña, Jorge Santamaria Garciaand Benito Gallego, about World War II superheroes in an alternate reality, began publication by Heroic Publishingin January 2006. Thomas returned to Red Sonja in 2006, writing the one-shot "Red Sonja Monster Island" for Dynamite Comics. [cite web|url=http://forum.newsarama.com/showthread.php?t=102774|title=Newsarama article on Mystic Arcana] In 2007 Thomas wrote a Black Knight story for the four-issue miniseries, " Mystic Arcana," his first work at his old company in several years.
Alley Awardfor Best Writer.
*1971: Shazam Award for Best Writer (Dramatic Division)
*1973: Shazam for Best Individual Story ("Song of Red Sonja", with artist Barry Smith, in "Conan the Barbarian" #24)
*1974: Shazam for Superior Achievement by an Individual
Angoulême International Comics FestivalAward for Best Foreign Author
*1977: Favourite Comicbook Writer at the Eagle Awards
*1977: nominated for Favourite Single Comicbook Story at the Eagle Awards for "Fantastic Four" #176: "Improbable as it may seem the Impossible Man is back in Town" with
*1978: nominated for Favourite Writer at the Eagle Awards
*1978: nominated for Favourite Continued Story at the Eagle Awards for "Star Wars" #1-6 with
George Lucasand Howard Chaykin
*1979: nominated for Best Comic Book Writer (US) at the Eagle Awards
*1979: nominated for Best Continued Story at the Eagle Awards for "Thor" #272-278 with
*1980: Roll of Honour at the Eagle Awards
*1996: Author That We Loved at the
List of Roy Thomas characters
* [http://www.comics.org The Grand Comic Book Database]
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