List of loan words in Indonesian

List of loan words in Indonesian

The Indonesian language has absorbed many loanwords from other languages:
* Early Hindu and Buddhist influence from India results in many Sanskrit words in Indonesian (and especially Javanese). Indian traders may have contributed words as well, in Sanskrit-related languages as well as Tamil.
* Muslim influence, which came at first through Arabic traders, over a number of centuries results in an extensive Arabic influence.
* Portuguese contact, trade and colonization in the 16th century was the first contact between Indonesia and European culture, and had an influence that remains today, in spite of the relatively short time period of that influence.
* Dutch colonization and administration, lasting from the 17th century to the 20th, had an extensive impact on the vocabulary. As Dutch-trained linguists determined the rules for the official Indonesian language, Dutch thus had an impact on the structure of the language as well.
* Modern Indonesian regularly adapts new words from other languages, particularly English.

Indonesian differs from the Malay language in a number of respects, particularly the different influences both languages have.

List of loanwords

Almost all loan words in Indonesian with Chinese origin comes from Hokkien dialect Fact|date=March 2008.


* de Vries, Jan W., Grijns, C.D. and Santa Maria, L. 1983 "Indonesian : a check-list of words of European origin in Bahasa Indonesia and traditional Malay" Leiden : Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde. ISBN 90-6718-004-1.

External links

* [ Indonesian Etymology Database]

ee also

*Loan words in Sri Lankan Tamil
*Indonesian history
*Differences between Malay and Indonesian

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