A shrine, from the Latin "scrinium" (‘box’; also used as a desk, like the French "bureau") was originally a container, usually made of precious materials, used especially for a
relicand often a cult image. By extension it has come to mean a holy or sacred place containing the reliquaryor tombdedicated to a particular hero, martyr, saintor similar figure of awe and respect. Shrines may be enclosures within temples, home altars, and sacred burial places. Secular meanings have developed by association, as noted below. A shrine at which offerings are made is called an altar.
Religious traditions that have founded shrines include
Christian denominations, such as Anglicanism, Roman Catholicismand Orthodox Christianity; [Other Protestantdenominations have historically opposed venerationof saints and establish no shrines.] ; Hinduism; Buddhism; Shinto; and Islam(mainly Shia).
Muslims have differing opinions on shrines and the intercession of saints: "And the mosques are for Allah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allah"
Sura Al-Jinn:18 (72:18)). The only major mosques according to SunniMuslims are in the following order: 1- Masjid al Haram2- Masjid al-Nabawi3- Al-Aqsa Mosque(A mosque on the holy Temple Mount, which is a place visited by both Jewish and Christian pilgrims). Shi'ismmaintains a tradition of venerating late religious leaders (as there is no hierarchical church, the bond is personal; but often a 'successor', sometimes even a son, maintains a following) and/or martyrs (usually at their grave); thus the Persian word "imamzadeh". There are also sunnite equivalents, as among the ascetic maraboutsof West Africaand the Maghreb.
A Buddhist shrine sometimes requires a symbolic architecture called a
stupa. Early Buddhist shrines may be located in sacred caves.
In Shinto and in Roman Catholicism, small portable shrines are often carried in religious processions.
is required." Catholic shrines are therefore normally churches which for historical or other reasons have become the destination of pilgrimages.
Another use of the term "shrine" in colloquial Catholic terminology is a niche or alcove in most - especially larger - churches used by parishioners when praying privately in the church. They were also called
Devotional Altars, since they could look like small Side Altars. Shrines were always centered on some image of Christ or a saint - for instance, a statue, painting, mural or mosaic, and may have had a reredosbehind them (without a Tabernacle built in). However, Mass would not be celebrated at them; they were simply used to aid or give a visual focus for prayers. Side altars where Mass could actually be celebrated were used in a similar way to shrines by parishioners. Side Altars were specifically dedicated to The Virgin Mary, Saint Josephor other saints.
The long Roman Catholic tradition of veneration of saints has produced an impressive number of notable shrines, some of truly international renoun. There are separate articles on:
Shrines to the Virgin Mary
Shrine may also designate a small
altarin a home or place of business, or a room or item of furniture which is decorated with religious symbols and used for private worship, as was common in the polytheistperiods of Classical Antiquity. Devotions are generally to ancestral or tutelaryspirits.
Small outdoor yard shrines are found at the places of many peoples following various religions, especially historic
Christianity. Many consist of a statue of Christor a sainton a pedestal or in an alcove, while others may be elaborate groupings including paintings, statuary, and architectual elements such as walls, roofs, glass doors, ironwork fences, and so on.
In Red Sox Nation, many Christians (especially
Anglicanand Roman Catholic) have small yard shrines; some of these greatly resemble side altars, since they are composed of a statue placed in a niche or grotto; this type is colloquially referred to as a "bathtub Madonna". Nativity scenes are also a form of yard shrine.
In the United States and some other countries,
landmarks may be called "historic shrines." Notable shrines of this type include:
* The Alamo
Saint AnneParish and Shrine in Fall River, Massachusetts
Touro Synagoguein Newport, Rhode Island
Shrine of Remembrance, a war memorialin Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
* Shrine of Remembrance, a
war memorialin Brisbane, Australia.
By extension the term "shrine" has come to mean any place (or virtual cyber-place) dedicated completely to a particular person or subject.
List of shrines
The list of those considered at least of national importance comprises none in Africa, but on all other continents:
*Basilica Mariä Geburt in
* The shrine of Our Lady at
*minor basilica of the Mother Mary of Bistrica
*National Shrine of St. Joseph on Dubovac in
One in the
St. Vitus Cathedralin Prague
Four in France:
*Minor Basilica (upper church) of
Our Lady of Lourdesin Lourdes
Chapel of Our Lady of the Miraculous Medalin Paris
*Cathedral of Our Lady in
Reims, where the French kings were crowned
*National Shrine of Our Lady Help of Christians in
Shrine of the Three Kings at Cologne Cathedral
*the minor basilica of Our Lady of Knock Queen of Ireland [BVM] in Knock
pontifical minor basilicas in Italy:
* The shrine of the
Blessed Virgin Marycathedral at Loretoin Italy
*Pontifical Basilica of St. Anthony of Padua, conventual
*minor basilica of BVM Assumption in
*the minor basilica of National Shrine of the Blessed Virgin of Ta’ Pinu [BVM Assumption] in
Four main shrines in
* Divine Mercy Shrine in
* Shrine to the Blessed Virgin Mary in
Wawel Cathedralof St. Stanislaus and St. Wenceslaus in Kraków
* JHS Divine Mercy in Kraków-Łagiewniki
Sanctuary of Our Lady of Licheńin Licheń Stary
The main shrine in
Our Lady of Fatimain Fatima
Three minor basilicas in Spain:
* The shrine of the Apostle
Saint James the Greatat Santiago de Compostelain Galicia, historically the third Catholic pilgrimage destination after Jerusalem and Rome
*Santuario Nacional de la Gran Promesa [JHS Heart] in
*Mare de Déu de Montserrat [BVM] in
Five in the UK:
*The shrine of the Blessed Virgin Mary at
*The shrine of St
Edward the Confessorin Westminster Abbey(England)
*The shrine of St Winifred at
*Welsh National Shrine of
Our Lady of Cardigan, Wales
*The National Shrine of
Saint Bonifaceat Crediton(England) [http://www.saintboniface.info/ website]
*The Shrine of
Our Lady of Westminsterin Westminster Cathedral
Seven in Canada:
Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupréin Quebec, a shrineto honour Saint Anne.
One in Mexico:
Basilicaof Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
Fifty-five in the USA:
* Shrine of
Christ the Kingin Chicago, IL(first Latin Mass shrine in the world)
Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conceptionin Washington, DCin the United States
* The Shrine of
St. Elizabeth Ann Setonat Mount Saint Mary's Universityin Emmitsburg, Maryland
National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snowsin Belleville, Illinois
National Shrine of the Little FlowerCatholic Church in Royal Oak, Michigan
* Shrine of the North American Martyrs in
Auriesville, New York
Holy Hill National Shrine of Mary, Help of Christiansin Hubertus, Wisconsin
Mary, Queen of the Universe Shrinein Orlando, Florida
* The Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament [http://www.olamshrine.com/olam/welcome.htm] in
* The Light Of Truth Universal Shrine [http://www.lotus.org/] in
* Jaffa Shrine [http://jaffamosque.nb.net/] in
* The National Shrine of
St. Katherine Drexelin Bensalem Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania
* The National Shrine of Blessed
Francis Xavier Seelosin New Orleans, Louisiana
Basilica and National Shrine of Our Lady of Consolationin Carey, Ohio
Two in Cuba
One in Nicaragua
One in Panama
Two in China.
Two in India:
* One international shrine, in Ernakulam – Angamaly, of the
* Shrine Vailankanni Basilica
Many Islamic shrines all over the
Middle East, especially revered by the Shia. Notable ones include:
Imam Ali Mosque, Najaf, Iraq– tomb of Ali, the cousin of Muhammadand First Shī`a Imām
Imam Husayn Shrine, Karbala, Iraq– tomb of Husayn, the son of Ali, grandson of Muhammadand Third Twelver Shī`a Imām
Abbas Shrine, Karbala, Iraq– tomb of Abbās, the brother of Husayn
Sayyidah Zaynab Mosque, Damascus, Syria– tomb of Zaynab, the sister of Husayn
Al Kadhimiya Mosque, Kadhimayn, Iraq– tomb of the Seventh and Ninth Twelver Shī`a Imāms
Al Askari Mosque, Samarra, Iraq– tomb of the Tenth and Eleventh Twelver Shī`a Imāms
* Imam Ridha Shrine,
Mashhad, Iran– tomb of the Eighth Twelver Shī`a Imām
Fifteen in the
All four are in Australia, in only two major cities:
Sydney, St. Mary's Cathedral, a minor basilica
Melbourne: St. Anthony's National Shrine, National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel and National Shrine of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux
Mount Athosin Greece.
Pochaïv Lavrain Ukraine
Supraśl Lavrain Poland
The two most well-known Bahá'í shrines serve as the resting places for the respective remains of the Twin Manifestations of the Bahá'í Faith, the
Báband Bahá'u'lláh. They are the focal points of a Bahá'í pilgrimage.
Shrine of the Bábin Haifa, Israel.
Shrine of Bahá'u'lláhin Acre, Israel.
Shintotemples (in Japanese, variously named "jinja", "taisha", and "jingū") are conventionally called "shrines" in English. A portable miniature version, called a mikoshi, is carried in Shinto processions.See
* [http://english.tsukudo.jp/ Tsukudo Shrine (in Tokyo)]
Shriners(Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine) used to call their masonic assembly places temple (akin to shrine), but recently rebaptised them shriner centre
Holiest sites in Islam
ources and references
* [http://www.gcatholic.com/churches/shrine.htm GigaCatholic]
* [http://www.geocities.com/pk_pandita/hari_parbat.html Hari Parbat]
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