Clinopodium

Clinopodium
Clinopodium
Clinopodium vulgare
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Clinopodium
L.
Type species
Clinopodium vulgare
L.
Species

See text.

Clinopodium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is in the tribe Mentheae of the subfamily Nepetoideae, but little else can be said with certainty about its phylogenetic position.

The genus name Clinopodium is derived from the Latin clinopodion or the Greek klinopodion. These were names for Clinopodium vulgare. The Greek klino means "a bed" and the Greek podion means "a little foot". [1]

Clinopodium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora albitarsella.

Various Clinopodium species are used as medicinal herbs. For example C. laevigatum is used in Mexico as a tea under the name "Poleo" or "yerba de Borracho" to cure hangovers, stomach aches, and liver disease.

Selected species

  • Clinopodium arkansanum- Limestone Calamint
  • Clinopodium ascendens- Ascending Wild Basil
  • Clinopodium ashei- Ashe's Calamint
  • Clinopodium brownei - Browne's Savory
  • Clinopodium chandleri- San Miguel Calamint
  • Clinopodium coccineum- Scarlet Calamint
  • Clinopodium dentatum- Florida Calamint
  • Clinopodium douglasii- Yerba Buena
  • Clinopodium georgianum- Georgia Calamint
  • Clinopodium glabellum- Ozark Calamint
  • Clinopodium gracile- Slender Wild Basil
  • Clinopodium laevgatum - Poleo or Yerba de Borracho
  • Clinopodium mimuloides- Monkeyflower Savory
  • Clinopodium vulgare- Wild Basil

Taxonomy

Clinopodium has been defined very differently by different authors. Some have restricted it to as few as 13 species, all closely related to the type species, Clinopodium vulgare. In the latest revision of Lamiaceae, Clinopodium encompassed about 100 species, including those otherwise placed in the genera Acinos, Calamintha, and Xenopoma. [2] This circumscription, called Clinopodium sensu lato, was shown to be polyphyletic in 2004. [3]

  1. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi. 2000. CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names volume I, page 91. CRC Press: Boca Raton; New York; Washington,DC;, USA. London, UK. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8 (set).
  2. ^ Raymond M. Harley, Sandy Atkins, Andrey L. Budantsev, Philip D. Cantino, Barry J. Conn, Renée J. Grayer, Madeline M. Harley, Rogier P.J. de Kok, Tatyana V. Krestovskaja, Ramón Morales, Alan J. Paton, and P. Olof Ryding. 2004. "Labiatae" pages 167-275. In: Klaus Kubitzki (editor) and Joachim W. Kadereit (volume editor). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume VII. Springer-Verlag: Berlin; Heidelberg, Germany. ISBN 978-3-540-40593-1
  3. ^ Jennifer L. Trusty, Richard G. Olmstead, David J. Bogler, Arnoldo Santos-Guerra, and Javier Francisco-Ortega. 2004. "Using Molecular Data to Test a Biogeographic Connection of the Macaronesian Genus Bystropogon (Lamiaceae) to the New World: A Case of Conflicting Phylogenies". Systematic Botany 29(3):702-715.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clinopodium — Clinopode …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clinopodĭum — (C. L), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Labiatae Melissinae, 14. Kl. 1. Ordn. L. Art: C. vulgare (Wirbeldoste), an Zäunen, in Wäldern u. felsigen Bergen, roth blühend, in Gärten Zierpflanze, auch weiß, gefleckt, größer blühend; Kraut von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • clinopodium — CLINOPODIUM, ou FAUX BASILIC. s. m. Voyez Basilic …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Clinopodium — Clinopode …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clinopodium —   Clinopodium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clinopodium — ID 20324 Symbol Key CLINO Common Name clinopodium Family Lamiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Clinopodium — noun wild basil • Syn: ↑genus Clinopodium • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Labiatae, ↑family Labiatae, ↑Lamiaceae, ↑family Lamiaceae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Clinopodium L. — Род 224. Пахучка (Сем. Lamiaceae – Губоцветные) 430. Clinopodium vulgare L. – Пахучка обыкновенная …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника

  • Clinopodium L. — Symbol CLINO Common Name clinopodium Botanical Family Lamiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Clinopodium mimuloides — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Eudicots …   Wikipedia

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