- Blackstone River
The Blackstone River is a
riverin the U.S. states of Massachusettsand Rhode Island. It flows approximately 80 km (50 mi) and drains a watershed of approximately 1,400 km² (540 sq. mi).
The river is named after
William Blaxtonwho arrived in Weymouth MA in 1623, and became the first settler of present day Boston in 1625. He relocated again, to Rhode Island in 1635 and built his home on the river, in what would become Cumberland.
The industrial revolution in the
United Statesstarted in 1790 when Samuel Slaterbuilt Slater Millat Pawtucket Falls. This was the first textile mill in the United States and was powered by the waters of the Blackstone River. So many mills followed that the Blackstone became known as "America's hardest working river", but industrialization also lead to the river being identified by the end of the 20th century as the primary source of Narragansett Bay pollution. [ [http://projects.geosyntec.com/bw0027/documents/DraftActionPlan.pdf Blackstone River Watershed – Five-Year Watershed Action Plan, First Draft] ]
In August 1955, severe flooding on the Blackstone caused extensive damage to
Woonsocket, Rhode Island; where the river is usually 70 feet (21 m) wide it swelled to over 1 mile (1.6 km) wide. Much of this flooding was caused by excessive rain that occurred as a slow moving tropical cyclonemoved over the area.
The river, together with the
Woonasquatucket Riverto the south, was designated an American Heritage River in 1998.
The river is formed in
Worcester, Massachusettsby the confluence of the Middle River and Mill Brook. From there, it follows a rough southeast course through Millbury, Sutton, Grafton, Northbridge, Uxbridge, Millville, and Blackstone. It then continues into Rhode Island, where it flows through Woonsocket, Cumberland, Lincoln, Central Falls, and Pawtucket, where the river then reaches its mouth at Pawtucket Fallsand the Seekonk River. Other tributaries join the Blackstone along the way, such as the West and Mumford River, at Uxbridge, and The Branch River in North Smithfield.
Below is a list of all crossings over the Blackstone River. The list starts at the headwaters and goes downstream.
**Massachusetts State Route 122A/146 (Twice)
**Southwest Cutoff (
**Massachusetts State Route 146
**MA 146 Ramp to Main Street
**South Main Street
**Canal Street (MA 122A)
**Main Street (MA 122A)
**Church Street Extension
**East Hartford Avenue
**Mendon Street (MA 16)
**Millville Road (MA 122)
**St. Paul Street
**South Main Street (RI 104)
**Court Street (RI 122)
**Hamlet Avenue (RI 122/126)
**Rhode Island State Route 99
**Manville Hill Road
**George Washington Highway (RI 116)
**Lonsdale Avenue (RI 122)
**John Street (RI 123)
**Broad Street (RI 114)
**Exchange Street (RI 15/114 Southbound)
In addition to many unnamed tributaries, the following brooks and rivers feed the Blackstone:
*Still Corner Brook
*West Sneech Brook
List of rivers in Massachusetts
List of rivers in Rhode Island
Ten Mile River
*Maps from the
United States Geological Survey
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.