Vasopressin receptor

Vasopressin receptor

A vasopressin receptor is one of the cell surface receptors which binds vasopressin.

There are three subtypes:

* Arginine vasopressin receptor 1A - AVPR1A
* Arginine vasopressin receptor 1B - AVPR1B, also called "Arginine vasopressin receptor 3"
* Arginine vasopressin receptor 2 - AVPR2

Although all three of these proteins are G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), activation of AVPR1A and AVPR1B stimulate phospholipase C, while activation of AVPR2 stimulates adenylate cyclase. These three receptors for vasopressin have unique tissue distributions. AVPR1A are expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells, hepatocytes, platelets, brain cells, and uterus cells. AVPR1B are expressed in cells of the anterior pituitary and throughout the brain, especially in the pyramidal neurons of the hippocampal CA2 field. AVPR2 are expressed in the kidney tubule, predominantly in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting ducts, in fetal lung tissue and lung cancer, the last two being associated with alternative splicing. AVPR2 is also expressed in the liver where stimulation releases a variety of clotting factors into the bloodstream. In the kidney, AVPR2's primary function is to respond to arginine vasopressin by stimulating mechanisms that concentrate the urine and maintain water homeostasis in the organism. When the function of AVPR2 is lost, the disease Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI) results.

External links

* [ IUPHAR GPCR Database - Vasopressin and oxytocin receptors]

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