James Whitney

James Whitney

Infobox President
name = James Pliny Whitney

caption = The Hon. Sir James Pliny Whitney
birth_date = birth date|1843|10|2|mf=y
birth_place = Williamsburgh Township, Upper Canada
death_date = death date and age |1914|09|25|1843|10|02
death_place = Toronto, Ontario
order = 6th Premier of Ontario
term_start = February 8, 1905
term_end = September 25, 1914
predecessor = George William Ross
successor = William Hearst
party = Ontario PC Party
religion = Anglican
spouse = Alice Park

Sir James Pliny Whitney, K.C.M.G. (October 2, 1843 – September 25, 1914) was a politician in the Canadian province of Ontario. Whitney was a lawyer in eastern Ontario, Conservative member for Dundas from 1888 to 1914, and Premier of Ontario from 1905 to 1914.

Whitney became leader of the party in 1896 taking it from a narrow, bigoted rump into a forward-looking party determined to build the province. His government nonetheless passed the most bigoted and backwards language legislation in Ontario history. In the 1905 election, he led the Tories to victory for the first time in 33 years by defeating the Liberal government of George William Ross.

Whitney's government laid the basis for Ontario's industrial development by creating the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, with Sir Adam Beck as its chairman and driving force. His government also passed the Workmen's Compensation Act and enacted temperance legislation. He also appeased the anti-Catholic, anti-French-Canadian sentiments of supporters of the Orange Order in his caucus (such as George Howard Ferguson) by passing Regulation 17. This regulation banned the teaching of French in schools beyond the first three years of school. The measure inflamed French-Canadian opinion across Canada, particularly in Quebec, and split the country as it entered World War I.

Whitney died in office shortly after winning the 1914 election.

External links

* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=7769 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://ontarioplaques.com/Plaque_Stormont14.html Ontario Plaques - Sir James Pliny Whitney]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Whitney — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Whitney. Sir James Pliny Whitney …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Whitney — Sir James Pliny Whitney 6º primer ministro de Ontario 8 de feb …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Whitney Dunn — Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Michigan s 6th district In office January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1983 Preceded by Milton Robert Carr Succeeded by Milton Robert …   Wikipedia

  • James Whitney Young — (January 24, 1941) was born in Portland, Oregon, and is currently the resident astronomer of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory s Table Mountain Observatory (TMO) near Wrightwood, California having been with them for 45 years. A very prolific asteroid …   Wikipedia

  • James Whitney (disambiguation) — James Whitney may refer to:* James Whitney, a politician * James Whitney, a film maker …   Wikipedia

  • James Whitney Dunn — (* 21. Juli 1943 in Detroit, Michigan) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1981 und 1983 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Michigan im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang James Dunn besuchte die öffentlichen Schulen seiner Heimat und studierte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Whitney Bettes — (1848 ndash; after 1894) was an Ontario merchant and political figure. He represented Muskoka and Parry Sound in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as a Liberal member from 1882 to 1883.He was born in Prince Albert, Ontario County, Canada West… …   Wikipedia

  • James Whitney (filmmaker) — For other people named James Whitney, see James Whitney (disambiguation) Infobox Artist bgcolour = name = James Whitney imagesize = caption = birthname = birthdate = December 27, 1921 location = Pasadena, California, USA deathdate = April 8, 1982 …   Wikipedia

  • Whitney (surname) — Whitney is an Old English surname that derives from the location of Whitney in Herefordshire, England. It was first mentioned in the Domesday Book with the spelling Witenie. The most plausible meaning for the name is White Water , from the Anglo… …   Wikipedia

  • James W. Wilkin — James Whitney Wilkin (* 1762 in Wallkill, Orange County (heute Ulster County), New York; † 23. Februar 1845 in Goshen, Orange County, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt, Offizier und Politiker. Er war der Vater des US Abgeordneten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”