Antebellum

Antebellum

"Antebellum" is an expression derived from Latin that means "before war" (', "before," and ', "war").

In United States history and historiography, "antebellum" is commonly used, in lieu of "pre-Civil War," in reference to the period of increasing sectionalism that led up to the American Civil War. In that sense, the Antebellum Period is often considered to have begun with the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, though it is sometimes stipulated to extend back as early as 1812. The period "after" the Civil War is called the "Postbellum"," or Reconstruction, era.

Romanticism

::::— From the opening of the film "Gone with the Wind" (1939)

While most western civilizations mark an important turning point during the period of the 1800s due to the Industrial Revolution, those who romanticize the Antebellum South credit the widespread destruction of Sherman's March to the Sea from Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean and the military occupation of the defeated Confederacy by Union forces during the period termed Reconstruction implemented in Florida, Tennessee, or the Trans-Mississippi states, instead.

More than any other single American work, Margaret Mitchell's 1936 novel, "Gone with the Wind" and the subsequent 1939 film, have permanently altered historical perspective and fixed a slanted popularized image of pre-Civil War American history and are good examples of the romanticized view. The romanticized view looks back on the Antebellum Period with sentimental nostalgia, as an idealized pre-industrial highly-structured genteel and stable agrarian society, in contrast to the anxiety and struggle of modern life. The issue of slavery is largely ignored in Gone with the Wind — although Mitchell does make a point of examining the relationship between the slaves and their masters on the southern plantations. D. W. Griffith's 1915 film, "The Birth of a Nation," romanticized the pre-war South in a very similar way.

Architecture

The term "antebellum" is also used to describe the architecture of the pre-war South. Many Southern plantation houses use this style, including:
*Monmouth Plantation (Natchez, Mississippi) [ [http://www.monmouthplantation.com/ Welcome To Monmouth Plantation] ]
*Boone Hall (Mount Pleasant, South Carolina) Built in 1936, but in the antebellum style.
*The Hermitage (Tennessee)
*Longwood (Natchez, Mississippi)
*Nottoway Plantation
*Orton Plantation
*Rosedown Plantation
*Oak Alley Plantation
*Belle Meade Plantation
*Waverly Mansion
*Carnton Plantation
*Waveland Plantation
*Rippavilla Plantation
*Rattle & Snap Plantation
*Tara Plantation (Fictional, From "Gone with the Wind")
*The Old Governor's Mansion [ [http://www2.gcsu.edu/mansion/ Old Governor’s Mansion ] ]
*Candon Hearth

See also

* History of the United States (1789-1849)
* History of the United States (1849-1865)
* Origins of the American Civil War

References

External links

* [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2956.html Antebellum Slavery (PBS)]
* [http://www.connerprairie.org/historyonline/xmas.html Aspects of the Antebellum Christmas]
* [http://docsouth.unc.edu Documenting the American South (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antebellum — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Antebellum es una palabra latina que significa antes de la guerra . En Estados Unidos el término antebellum se refiere al periodo en que se incrementó el secesionismo por parte de los Estados Confederados de América …   Wikipedia Español

  • Antebellum — est un mot anglais d’origine latine signifiant « avant la guerre » (ante : avant, bellum : guerre). Dans l’Histoire américaine et l’historiographie de ce pays, le nom Antebellum est souvent utilisé (et plus spécialement dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • antebellum — adj. 1. belonging to a period before a war, especially the American Civil War. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Antebellum — (engl.) kommt aus dem Lateinischen und bedeutet wörtlich „vor dem Krieg“. In den Vereinigten Staaten bezeichnet der Begriff die Periode vor dem Sezessionskrieg (1861–1865). In der Architektur wird Antebellum auch für den in den Südstaaten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • antebellum — (adj.) also ante bellum, from Latin phrase ante bellum, lit. before the war; in U.S., usually in reference to the American Civil War (1861 65); first attested in a June 14, 1862, entry in Mary Chesnut s diary …   Etymology dictionary

  • antebellum — ☆ antebellum [an΄tē bel′əm, an΄tibel′əm ] adj. [L ante bellum] before the war; specif., before the American Civil War …   English World dictionary

  • antebellum — adjective a) Of the time period prior to a war. A renewed sense of national pride arose in Hitlers antebellum Germany. b) In the United States of America, of the period prior to the American Civil War, especially in reference to the culture of… …   Wiktionary

  • antebellum — nonmodern onmodern adj. 1. not modern; of or characteristic of an earlier time. Opposite of {modern}. [Narrower terms: {antebellum}; {fogyish, mossgrown, mossy, stick in the mud(prenominal), stodgy old fashioned}; {medieval, mediaeval, gothic};… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antebellum — adj. Antebellum is used with these nouns: ↑era, ↑slavery …   Collocations dictionary

  • antebellum —    (AN tee BEL lum) [Latin: before the war] In existence before the war; usually used in reference to the period before the American Civil War of 1861–1865.    Many of the elegant plantation houses in the deep South are preserved as examples of… …   Dictionary of foreign words and phrases

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”