:"Guanajuato is the name of a state in Mexico and that state's capital city, as well as a river in the area. This article is about the state. For the city, see
Guanajuato, Guanajuato; for the river, see Guanajuato River"
name = State of Guanajuato
flag_size = 140px
image_shield = Escudo de Guanajuato.jpg
shield_size = 80px
map_caption = Location within Mexico
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = MEX
subdivision_type1 = Capital
subdivision_name1 = Guanajuato
subdivision_type2 = Municipalities
subdivision_name2 = 46
subdivision_type3 = Largest City
subdivision_name3 = León
leader_name =Juan Manuel Oliva Ramirez (PAN)
leader_title1 = Federal Deputies
leader_name1 =PAN: 14
leader_title2 =Federal Senators
Humberto Andrade Quezada(PAN)
Luis Alberto Villarreal García (PAN)
Francisco Arroyo Vieyra(PRI)
established_title = Colonized
established_date = 1520s
area_footnotes = Ranked 22nd
area_total_km2 = 30491
population_total = 4,893,812 (Ranked 6th)
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd= |latm= |lats= |latNS=
longd= |longm= |longs= |longEW=
blank_name =HDI (2004)
blank_info =0.7662 - medium
blank2_name =Postal abbr.
website = [http://www.guanajuato.gob.mx Guanajuato]
Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of
Mexico. It is named after its capital city, Guanajuato, which comes from the local indigenous P'urhépecha language, meaning "Hill of Frogs".Cite book|title=¡Así es! Guanajuato... Patrimonio de la Humanidad|last=Ramirez Mora|first=Jorge Alberto|publisher=RG Digital|location=Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico|year=date unspecified, ca. 2005|id=no ISBN number] Cite book|title=Guanajuato Mexico|author=editorial staff|publisher=Editoriál Stampart|location=Guanajuato, GTO, Mexico|year=date unspecified, ca. 2005|id=no ISBN number] "Las Ranas" ("the Frogs") is a nickname for people from this state as frogs are their state animal. Guanajuato is the home state of former president Vicente Fox, muralist Diego Riveraand singer-songwriter José Alfredo Jiménez.
After central Mexico and the
Gulf of Mexicocoast, Guanajuato was one of the first areas of Mexico colonized by the Spanish, in the 1520s, for its rich silverdeposits. Guanajuato's colonial architecture is very well preserved along with over 35 old churches in its capital alone.
Today, Guanajuato's mines are still among the richest-producing silver mines in the world (historically one of the largest). The state also produces
tin, gold, copper, lead, mercury, and opals. Guanajuato also leads the nation in shoe production and various farm products such as lettuce and potatoes. The state's main export products are motor vehicles and autoparts, footwear, leather goods, chemicals, electric machinery and materials, fruits and vegetables.
In addition to the state capital city of Guanajuato, the state includes the cities of
San Luis de la Paz, Acámbaro, Celaya, León, Yuriria, Salamanca, Irapuato, San Miguel de Allende, Salvatierra—the first city of Guanajuato, Cortazar, Tarimoro, and Dolores Hidalgo, the cradle of Mexican independence.
The first battle in Mexico's war for independence resulted in a march from
Dolores Hidalgoupon the capital of the state and the subsequent burning of the granary which held all the Iberian-born Spaniards (approximately 500 men, women and children), by peasants of pure Amerindianor mixed ( Mestizo) descent who had been put to work in very harsh conditions.
The state of Guanajuato accounts for more than its proportional share of economic migrations of workers to the United States and Canada. Among the areas favored by migrants from this part of Mexico are the U.S. cities of
Chicago, Illinois, Dallas, Texas, Corpus Christi, Texas, Evanston, Illinois, Los Angeles, California, and Palisade, Colorado.
The state of Guanajuato borders the states of
San Luis Potosíto the north, Querétaroto the east, Michoacánto the south, and Jaliscoto the west. It means "hills of the frogs". It has an area of km2 to sq mi|30589. In the 2005census, the state had a population of 4,893,812 people. The literacy rate stands at about 88 percent.
Guanajuato is located in the geographic center of Mexico, about three and half-hours north-west of
Mexico City, and its capital city is one of Mexico's most famous tourist spots. It is a UNESCO world heritage site and city planners must abide by strict rules when building and refurbishing buildings in order to maintain their colonial integrity. The city is situated in the Veeder mountains at over m to ft|2000 above sea level and the buildings climb up the side of the mountains surrounding the city center. The buildings are colorful and there are many historical buildings such as the Reyna and several haciendas-ranches or manor houses-that have been preserved as museums, public gardens and hotels.
The town of Guanajuato has been depicted in various works of art. Most notably, the Mexican-German-Slovakian sculptor/painter Craigorio Hauquitz, has created some of the most breathtaking paintings of Guanajuato in the past century.
Every October, Guanajuato hosts the annual International Cervantes Culture Festival, which is centered in the capital city. The festival features high-level performers and artists from around the world, as well as from many regions of Mexico, in addition to the (often overlooked) traditional presentation of plays by Miguel de Cervantes.
Government and politics
Constitution of the State of Guanajuatoprovides that the governmentof Guanajuato, like the government of every other state in Mexico, consists of three powers: the executive, the legislative and the judiciary.
Executive power rests in the
Governor of Guanajuato, who is directly elected by the citizens, using a secret ballot, to a 6-year term with no possibility of reelection. Legislative power rests in the Congress of Guanajuatowhich is a unicameral legislaturecomposed of 36 deputies. Judicial power is invested in the Superior Court of Justice of Guanajuato.
The last Local elections in Guanajuato were held on
July 2, 2006.
The State of Guanajuato is divided into 46 municipalities, each headed by a
municipal president(mayor). Municipalities are named after the city that serves as municipal seat; e.g. the municipal seat of the Municipality of Guanajuato is the City of Guanajuato.
[http://sefide-fondos.guanajuato.gob.mx/ Fondos Guanajuato] Financial Official website
* [http://www.allmymexico.com/city-guide/guanajuato.html Guanajuato] Travelers Guide
* en icon fr icon [http://www.guanajuato.gob.mx Guanajuato] : Governmental portal
* [http://www.guanajuato-travel.com Guanajuato Travel] : Official tourist information about the state
* en icon fr icon [http://www.guanajuatocapital.com Guanajuato capital] : Attractions, services, lodging, art, culture, restaurants and much more.
* en icon fr icon [http://www.welcomesanmiguel.com San Miguel de Allende] : Attractions, services, lodging, art, culture, restaurants and much more.
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/06/in_pictures_el_gusano0_a_living_ghost_town/html/1.stm BBCNews.com Photojournal] : El Gusano, a living ghost town
* [http://sachinb.blogspot.com/2008/01/guanajuato-prettiest-city.html Guanajuato, The Prettiest Mexican City]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.