U.S. Fire Arms Manufacturing Company

U.S. Fire Arms Manufacturing Company

Infobox Company
company_name = U.S. Fire-Arms Manufacturing Co, Inc.
company_type = Private
foundation = 1993
location_city = Hartford, Connecticut
location_country = flagcountry|United States of America
industry = Firearms, Defense
products = Firearms, weapons
homepage = [http://www.usfirearms.com/ www.usfirearms.com]

United States Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company, Inc. (U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co., also USFA, or U.S.F.A. Mfg. Co.) ["see" Trademarks section for trademarks related to company name and abbreviations.] is a privately held firm based in Hartford, Connecticut, USA, established "Under the Blue Dome" ["Under the Blue Dome" is a U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. trademark.] at the site of the original Colt Armory built in 1855. ("see" coord|41|45|25.09|N|72|39|46.69|W|name=Coltsville Historic District) ["see" sic capture the spirit of settlers who tamed the West."]

Firearms manufacturing in Hartford, CT

U. S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. is the only gun company still manufacturing in the City of Hartford, CT. ["see" [http://www.coltsvillestudy.org/project-background.htm National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, "Coltsville Special Resource Study: Area Background"] "... [Colt] obtained his first patent for a revolver in 1836 and went on to found a company that is still in operation today, located in West Hartford, Connecticut.] The noted Winchester Repeating Arms company was located about convert|30|mi|km south in New Haven, CT. USFA is the newest company of its kind in the modern CNC machine world of gun makers. [Clapp, Wiley. [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/shootingillu072003.pdf "The High-Tech Peacemaker: U.S. Fire Arms applies modern gunmaking to a classic", Shooting Illustrated] July 2003, p. 39, reproduced on [http://www.usfirearms.com USFA web site] retrieved 17 July 2008. Author recounts a factory tour.] This technology enables USFA guns to be efficiently manufactured entirely in the USA. [Taffin, John. [http://www.americanhandgunner.com/ "The Sixgunner: Long Hunter .45 Rodeo", American Handgunner] , May/June 2007, p. 48. ($) " [USFA] ...produce [s] as fine a Single Action Army as ever manufactured by anyone at any time."] ["or see" Taffin, John. [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/amhandgunner_0507.pdf "The Sixgunner: Long Hunter .45 Rodeo", American Handgunner] , May/June 2007, p. 48, reproduced on [http://www.usfirearms.com www.usfirearms.com] , retrieved 10 July 2008." [USFA] ...produce [s] as fine a Single Action Army as ever manufactured by anyone at any time."] [ [http://www.usfirearms.com U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.] web site notes USFA guns are "100% American made!"]

The Colt Company sold the original plant in 1955 to a limited partnership which struggled to maintain the brick structure and site that covered six city blocks in Hartford's South End, adjacent to the Connecticut River. In 1993 Colt abandoned its space at the old plant, however, USFA continued to produce arms there. On Colt's departure, USFA became the only gun maker manufacturingColt shows its headquarters as Hartford, CT, however, the company web site shows that U.S. [http://www.coltsmfg.com/cmci/contact.asp manufacturing] of Colt products is performed in West Hartford, CT.] in Hartford since Sam Colt [ [http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/theymadeamerica/whomade/colt_hi.html "Who Made America?" WGBH] PBS web page describes Colt's innovations which contributed to settlement of the West and United States' early industrial development.] founded his armory in 1855. Many other famous guns or related devices were also built in the original factory or its Hartford environs. Examples include Hiram Percy Maxim's firearm noise suppressor "the Maxim Silencer," John Browning's semi-automatic and automatic pistols, and M1918 Browning Automatic Rifle, and Christian Sharps', later C. Sharps, long range Sharps rifle.

. His revolver mechanism, United States patent 9430X, [cite web
title= Revolving Gun (9430X)
work= United States Patent Office Database
last= Colt
first= S.
date= 1836-02-25
publisher= United States Patent Office; Google
format= html or *.pdf
] was the first revolver to gain wide acceptance. U.S. Fire Arms, which produces historic Colt designs, is the last gun company to have manufactured at the original armory.]

Economies of computer-driven machining could only be realized if the machinery could fit through the door, but the historic brick armory was not accommodating in this regard. USFA purchased a new site in late 2001 (its current convert|4|acre|m2|sing=on campus) to expand operations in Hartford, and until 2003 maintained both the historic Armory and the new facility for the production of Lightning magazine rifles, new Model 1910 automatics, and its historically accurate Single Action Army [Hamilton, Alex. [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/amhandgunner-novdec06.pdf "Pistolsmithing," American Handgunner] November/December 2006, p. 26, retrieved 16 July 2008. "The highest quality sixgun sic you can purchase today is one made by U.S. Firearms sic."] revolvers. The historic Colt Armory was sold to investors represented by Goodrich Corporation [cite news|url=http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/legislator_leaves_coltsville.pdf|title=Legislator Leaves Coltsville Project|last=Condon|first=Tom|date=21 February 2002|publisher=Hartford Courant|pages=A13|language=US English|accessdate=2008-07-22] in 1997 and was divested in about 2001 to Homes for America's [ [http://www.hfaholdings.com/ Homes for America Holdings] web site] Robert & Rebecca McFarlane. [cite news|url=http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/makingcoltsvillehappen.pdf|title=Making Colsville Happen|last=Lieberman|first=Senator Joseph I.|date=08 September 2002|publisher=Hartford Courant|language=US English|accessdate=2008-07-22 On page C4, Senator Lieberman supports Homes for America Holdings, Inc. plans to invest US $45 million.] [cite news|url=http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/anewplayerincolt.pdf|title=A New Player in Colt Revival|last=Puleo|first=Tom|date=28 August 2002|publisher=Hartford Courant|pages=A1|accessdate=2008-07-22]

Modernizing production

As U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.moved to its current Hartford manufacturing campus, the last revolvers made "Under the Blue Dome" in 2003 were a series of special runs of the Single Action Army model. They were built in mixed finishes including "Old Armory Color Case" ["Old Armory Color Case" is a company trademark.] and "Dome Blue", ["Dome Blue" is a company trademark.] with 7½ inch, 5½ inch or 4¾ inch barrels, chambered in .45 Colt bearing special serial numbers and several different grip styles. The first in the series remains in USFA's archive today. As well as .45 Colt, other calibers of U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. handguns available today include .44 Special, .38 WCF, .44-40 Winchester, [Venturino, Mike. [http://www.gunsmagazine.com/ "The Dual-Digit WCFs", Guns Magazine] , April 2008, p. 53, retrieved 10 July 2008. ($) "...three of the best .44-40/Frontier Six Shooters I've ever owned came from [U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.] "] ["or see" Venturino, Mike. [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/gunsmag_apr08b.pdf "The Dual-Digit WCFs", Guns Magazine] , April 2008, p. 53, reproduced on [http://www.usfirearms.com www.usfirearms.com] , retrieved 10 July 2008 "...three of the best .44-40/Frontier Six Shooters I've ever owned came from [U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.] ".] .38 Special, .32 WCF, .22 LR, and .22 Magnum. These calibers are available in a variety of models, finish, grip, and barrel lengths. In addition to Single Action Army models, U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. manufactures semiautomatic M1911, 1910, Super .38 Automatic, and Ace .22 LR pistols, the Lightning rifle and a take-down version, The Magic Rifle. The U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. Custom Shop division made the gun given to NRA President Charlton Heston in thanks for his decade of service as NRA President.

Supporting its philosophy of continuing the firearms manufacturing history of Hartford, CT, [cite news|url=http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/reloading_colt.pdf|title=Reloading Colt: Beneath Tarnished Dome, Company Sees Historical Glitter|last=Swift|first=Mike|date=21 June 1998|publisher=Hartford Courant|pages=A1|language=US English|accessdate=2008-07-22] in 2006, U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. acquired the names, rights to, production drawings and models of the Maxim Silent Firearms Company, and in 2007 restarted production of historically-accurate sound suppressors bearing the Maxim name. ["see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pages/maxim_press_release.asp USFA press release] dated 13 January 2007, on Maxim Silent Firearms.] ["also see" [http://www.shootingwire.com/shooting_wire_release.html?releaseID=125969 Shooting Wire press release] dated 01 February 2008 on Maxim Silent Firearms.] Also in 2007 U.S. Fire Arms announced an historic licensing agreement with Remington Arms Company, America's oldest gunmaker, under which USFA would manufacture for Remington a line of historically accurate and 100% American-made guns, under its E. Remington & Sons brand, starting with the 1858 and 1875 Models. ["see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/Press_Release_Remington_USFA.pdf USFA press release] dated 13 April 2007 on E. Remington & Sons agreement.] ["also see" [http://www.remington.com/products/licensed_products/revolvers.asp Remington] website Licensed Products page.] On 17 September 2008, U.S. Fire Arms introduced the world's first twelve-round .22 L.R. caliber single action revolver.

Custom shop

The U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. "Old Armory Custom Shop" ["Old Armory Custom Shop" is a U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. trademark.] customizes USFA production firearms. People have historically commissioned custom guns to create a family heirloom, mark an important anniversary, honor a great accomplishment, or commemorate someone.Jameison, Keith. [http://agora.virtualmuseum.ca/Agora/ViewLoitDa.do;jsessionid=38D5EC71CE93BB80D3BF722DD589344D?method=preview&lang=EN&id=940 "Dueling Pistols: Joseph Brant's Flintlock Pistols," Royal Ontario Museum web site] , retrieved 16 July 2008. "Gifts of engraved firearms were sometimes exchanged among foreign rulers as marks of respect or to commemorate treaties and alliances."] Projects become defined in a process of collaboration between the client and the gunsmith or manufacturer. Custom Shop projects have been built on USFA precision-machined ["see also" Computer-aided manufacturing] parts with some combination of gold inlay, damascening, hand engraving, [http://www.usfirearms.com/cat/engraving_coverages.asp USFA web site "Engraving Coverage"] page describes Custom Shop engraving] bone case hardening, [Gaddy, Oscar L. [http://www.doublegunshop.com/doublegunjournal_v7i4_9.htm "The Color Case-hardening of Firearms-Part I", The Double Gun Journal] on [http://www.doublegunshop.com www.doublegunshop.com] , retrieved 16 July 2008. Provides interesting background on case hardening of firearms with some scanning electron microscope photos.] ["or see" [http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_color_case_hardening_on_firearms "What is case hardening?"] on [http://www.wikianswers.com WikiAnswers] , retrieved 16 July 2008. Gives a simple, direct explanation of case hardening.] polishing, and fine metal plating, or other finish, with special stock or grips, [ [http://www.usfirearms.com/cat/fitandfeel.asp USFA web site "Fit and Feel"] page describing special grips, stocks, and appointments] on any production type or caliber of gun required ("photo #1" demonstrates a combination of gold inlay, hand engraving including intertwined initials on punch dot background and "Armory Blue" finish).

NRA-Charlton Heston presentation gun, USFA Custom Shop]

Preserving tradition

With the demise of the guild system, which helped develop the European Master Craftsmen of centuries past, and the rise of computer-aided manufacturing, fewer people [Moffatt, Edward A., [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=940DE3D7143DE733A25752C2A9649D946797D6CF&oref=slogin "Craftsmanship Decline: Feverish Rush of American Life Blamed, Not Trade Unions" The New York Times] 21 December 1906. Describes the decline in skilled artisans of all types in New York a century ago.] have the skills to perform this work.Sundseth, Dag. "Gianfranco Pedersoli-Master Engraver", Blue Book Publications, 2007. A new reference work on one of the European master engravers showcases the art of one of the contemporary greats. From the book, see [https://store.bluebookinc.com/Ecom/ProductDetail.aspx?Industry=1&id=228 example illustrations] of Mr. Pedersoli's work, shown here to represent one of the highest forms of the art; Pedersoli is not related to USFA.] In 2008, only a fraction of gun manufacturers [A 13 July 2008 search on [http://www.google.com Google] (for "custom firearm engraving") shows that [http://www.amderringer.com American Derringer] ; [http://www.ballardrifles.com Ballard] ; Beretta; Browning (through Belgian F.N. Herstal parent); Colt; [http://www.evo-rifles.com Evolution, USA] ; Henry Repeating Arms; Ithaca; Mauser; [http://www.merkel-usa.com Merkel] ; Orvis; [http://www.paladinarmory.com Paladin Armory] ; Shiloh; Smith & Wesson; Ruger (through Baron Technology, Inc.); Weatherby; and U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co., still offer manufacturer-direct custom services.] offer custom "hand"-engraved, fine metal inlaid, or otherwise custom finished guns, and relatively few small gunsmith shops offer this specialty. [As an example of fine independent gunsmith work, see this U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. revolver with . Gives an overview of the history of firearms engraving and the market for engraved guns.] A U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. single-action army revolver is the foundation for the American Pistolsmiths Guild's "2007 Gun of the Year." (see this footnote for picture) ["see" [http://www.redstararms.com/index.htm?c78.htm&1 Red Star Arms] story on the American Pistolsmiths Guild's "2007 Gun of the Year".]

Representative commissions

*The USFA Custom Shop produced the decorated gun given by the NRA to Charlton Heston in appreciation for his decade of service as NRA President ("photo #2" shows a combination of gold inlay, Helfrict-style hand engraving on "Bone Case" frame, and the "Armory Blue" finish). ["see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pages/highres.asp USFA web site "High Resolution Images"] page for a picture of the "Charlton Heston" gun.] [Unattributed. "Special Revolver Honors Heston" American Rifleman, "Random Shots" section, July 2002, p. 26. "...an honor for U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. to be selected as the manufacturer," quoting Kevin Mooney, Vice President, U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. on the NRA's request for the Heston commission.]

*The Custom Shop commenced a unique series, "The Legend Lives," ["The Legend Lives" is a registered trademark of U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.] with a unique pair of guns, "The Cattlebrands of Jackson Hole", numbered JH1 & JH2 ("photo #3" shows hand engraving of brands, in relief, on a punch dot background, on a bright nickel finished gun). ["see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/cat/cattle.asp USFA web site "The Cattlebrands of Jackson Hole"] page for more pictures and description]

*To mark its 30th anniversary, the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department asked the Custom Shop to build a commemorative revolver ("photo #4" shows gold inlay of text on barrel; decorative bands on cylinder; gold plated trigger and hammer, with "A" engraving coverage on "Dome Blue"-polished finish with "Tru-Ivory" grip)."see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/cat/special-projects.asp USFA web site "Special Projects"] page]

*Members of the United States Marine Corps Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 169 ("Vipers") ordered for themselves a special model (which they paid for privately, as individuals) to commemorate their service in Iraq. These guns featured grips with the on one side, the unit insignia on the other, and "Viper 169" serial number prefixes ("photo #5" shows scrimshaw engraving of a custom insignia on "Tru-Ivory" grip, gun with "Dome Blue"-matte finish ).

*The USFA Custom Shop's Master Engraver Dennis Kies [Unattributed. [http://www.riflemagazine.com/magazine/article.cfm?magid=28&tocid=389 "U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.: Not Just Another Single-Action", Handloader] October/November 2000, volume 35, no. 5, ISSN: 0017-7393. "... [Mr. Kies] has studied Colt engravers from the late nineteenth century to present day and can duplicate many of the old patterns that are once again becoming very popular."] engraved the single-action army revolverCarmiel, Oshrat. "Artist's Reach Belies Location: Master Engraver's Work Widely Known by Collectors" Hartford Courant, Hartford, CT, 02 September 2002, section B3. Article about Mr. Kies' sketching work includes description of work for USFA. ] which Vice President Dick Cheney donated to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center's Cody Firearms Museum in Cheney's home state of Wyoming ("photo #6" shows Helfrict-style engraving in full coverage on "Armory Blue" finish; the Vice President's stylized initials damascened onto the shovel; trigger and hammer with "Fire Blue" finish). ["see" the Cheney gun in the [http://www.codyfirearmsmuseum.com/collections/BBHC/CFM_ObjectPage.cfm?museum=CFM&VarObjectKey=85907 Buffalo Bill Historical Center's] "Cody Firearms Museum"]


Through 01 January 2009, U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. guns are displayed in the exhibit, "Guns West!" [The [http://www.nra.org/Article.aspx?id=10561 National Firearms Museum] , Fairfax, Virginia, information page about the "Guns West!" exhibit] at the National Rifle Association's own National Firearms Museum. A U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. Single Action Army revolver, given by United States Vice President Dick Cheney to the Buffalo Bill Historical Center in Cody, Wyoming, may be viewed online through the Center's Cody Firearms Museum digital collection. ["see" Cody Firearms Museum [http://www.bbhc.org/collections/BBHC/index_CFM.cfm Object Finder Page] , select "Manufacturer" and from the drop-down menu, select "U.S. Fire-Arms Mfg. Co., Inc., Hartford, CT"] ["or see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pages/custom-shop-guns.asp USFA web site "Custom Shop Guns"] page for high resolution pictures of the Cheney gun] ESPN noted ["see" Eifling, Sam. [http://sports.espn.go.com/outdoors/hunting/news/story?id=2729113 "Exhibitors in an "Arms Race," ESPNOutdoors.com] 12 January 2007, retrieved 10 July 2008.] U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co's 2007, Orlando, Florida, "SHOT Show" exhibit, which recalled an exhibit displayed at the 1876 Philadelphia, PA Centennial Exhibition in the same month George Armstrong Custer perished at Little Bighorn.


Top Hollywood gun coach Thell Reed, ["see" [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0715715/bio Thell Reed biography] on [http://www.imdb.com imdb.com] ] [ [http://www.thellreed.com Thell Reed] website] who had become "The Fastest Gun Alive" ("see" quick-draw shooting) by the age of 16, ["see" Unattributed. [http://www.thellreed.com/html/fast_gun_art.html "The Fastest Gun Alive," Guns & Ammo Magazine] May/June 1959. Retrieved on 30 June 2008 from [http://www.thellreed.com Thell Reed] website.] selected U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. guns for two 2007 films. ["see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/USFA_Movies_PR_9-5-07.pdf USFA press release] dated 05 September 2007, on USFA gun selection for films for their historical accuracy, important for critical close-up and action shots.] Working as key armorer for the production, and gun coach ["see" [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0715715/ Thell Reed's roles in films] from 1966 to present day on [http://www.imdb.com imdb.com] ] to Russell Crowe, he chose U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. guns for use as props in . [ [http://www.310toyumathefilm.com/ "3:10 to Yuma" film] website] As gun coach [ [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0443680/fullcredits#cast "The Assassination of Jesse James" cast credits] show Mr. Reed as Mr. Pitt's coach, though the film does not.] to Brad Pitt in 2007's "The Assassination of Jesse James", [ [http://jessejamesmovie.warnerbros.com/# "The Assassination of Jesse James" film] website] Thell Reed again selected U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. pistols. In the 2000 film "Shanghai Noon" ["see" [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0184894/fullcredits "Shanghai Noon" on imbd.com] for more about the film, dubbed "the first kung fu western ever."] starring Jackie Chan and Owen Wilson, U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. guns were used. The PBS documentary about Sam and Elizabeth Colt, "Colt: Legend & Legacy", ["see" [http://www.cptv.org/local/special/colt/colt_legend_legacy.asp "Colt: Legend & Legacy," Connecticut Public Broadcasting] ] ["also see" the transcript of the show on [http://www.simonpure.com/colt.htm Simon Pure Productions] website] shows U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. guns and company founder, Douglas F. Donnelly.

Law enforcement, Homeland Security, and commercial

U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. subsidiary company, U.S. Defense, ["see" [http://www.us-defense.com US Defense] website] is the distributor for Connecticut of FNH-USA ["see" [http://www.fnhusa.com/le/ FNH-USA] website of (U.S. subsidiary of Belgian [http://www.fnherstal.com/ FN Herstal] )] products ["see" [http://www.fnhusa.com/le/products/firearms/new.asp FNH-USA] products] for law enforcement, ["see" [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vb42GlfjILQ FNH-USA products in action] in a YouTube video] commercial, and Homeland Security applications.


USFA Registered Trademarks

United States patents

See also

*Colt Single Action Army
**Cowboy action shooting
*District of Columbia v. Heller"see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/USFA_Supreme_Court_6-26-08.pdf U.S. Fire Arms press release] in support of D.C. v. Heller, dated 26 June 2008, retrieved 07 July 2008.]
*Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
*Gun law in the United States
**Gun laws in the United States (by state)
*Historical reenactment
*List of modern armament manufacturers
*Six Gun
*Western (genre)

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*citebook|author=Wilson, R.L.|title=Steel Canvas: The Art of American Arms|year=1995|isbn= 0679406735
*citebook|author=Sundseth, Dag|title=Gianfranco Pedersoli: Master Engraver|year=2007|isbn= 1886768714


Further reading

Study of gun manufacturing in the United States today is informed by two recent legal and legislative actions. On the legal front, specifically addressing the individual's right to bear arms, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned an outright ban on firearms in a 26 June 2008 case, District of Columbia v. Heller. [In this 5-4 decision, the minority contended that the right to bear arms lay within the context of service in a militia, whereas the majority held that this was an individual right. For more on this, see the D.C. v. Heller article.] This decision clarified the individual's civil rights under the Second Amendment of the Bill of Rights for the first time in United States history, ["see" Cato Institute [http://www.cato.org/pubs/legalbriefs/dc_v_heller.pdf amicus brief] filed in support of the individual's right to bear arms. This brief is unique among documents of this class because it includes a succinct history of gun rights by [http://www.law.gmu.edu/faculty/directory/malcolm_joyce Joyce Lee Malcolm] --a recognized authority on American and British Constitutional history and the right to bear arms carried over from England. Dr. Malcolm is a George Mason University Legal History Professor and Royal Historical Society Fellow. This brief includes citations to her published works on this topic (see. p. 10 of the brief).] [Sherman, Mark. [http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/national/368640_scotusguns27.html "Supreme Court Affirms Right to Own Guns," Associated Press story] dated 26 June 2008, quoted on [http://www.seattlepi.com seattlepi.com] , retrieved 16 July 2008] [Greenhouse, Linda. [http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/27/washington/27scotus.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&adxnnl=1&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&adxnnlx=1214696217-RusMFOr1/cvHSZJymsEnig "Landmark Ruling Enshrines Right to Own Guns," New York Times] story published 27 June 2008, retrieved 07 July 2008. "... [the Court's 5-4 ruling decided that] "there is a constitutional right to keep a loaded handgun at home for self-defense."] benefitting not only the individual whose freedom was protected, but also the manufacturer, whose existence depends on interpretation of the Second Amendment."see" [http://www.usfirearms.com/pdf/USFA_Supreme_Court_6-26-08.pdf U.S. Fire Arms press release] in support of D.C. v. Heller, dated 26 June 2008, retrieved 07 July 2008.] On the legislative front, the Lawful Commerce in Arms Act of 2005 eliminated gun manufacturers' legal liability from prosecution for criminal misuse of guns they manufactured. ["see" Hamblett, Mark. "2nd Circuit Dismisses NYC's Suit Against Gun Manufacturers," New York Law Journal, published 01 May 2008, quoted on [http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1209546333419 Law.com,] retrieved 08 July 2008. Describes the Lawful Commerce in Arms Act 2005 in action.]

Footnotes for further reading

External links

* [http://www.usfirearms.com U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co.] website
** [http://www.usfirearms.com/pressreleases.asp U.S. Fire Arms Mfg. Co. press release] archive
* [http://www.sassnet.com/ Single Action Shooting Society] (SASS) website
* [http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/05/02/eveningnews/main4068430.shtml Story from CBS "Evening News"] on 02 May2008 about Cowboy action shooting
* [http://science.howstuffworks.com/revolver.htm "Revolvers"] on [http://www.howstuffworks.com www.howstuffworks.com]
* [http://www.cascity.com/usfa/ U.S. Fire Arms Collectors & Shooters Society] web page on [http://www.cascity.com www.CasCity.com]

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