- Sebastian Shaw (actor)
name = Sebastian Shaw
caption = Sebastian Shaw in a 1979 episode of "
Rumpole of the Bailey"
birthname = Sebastian Lewis Shaw
birthdate = birth date|1905|5|29|mf=y
birthplace = Holt,
deathdate = death date and age|1994|12|23|1905|5|29|mf=y
Brighton, East Sussex, England
spouse = Margaret Delamere (1929–1956)
occupation = Actor, director, novelist, playwright, poet
yearsactive = 1914–1991
During his 65-year career, Shaw appeared in dozens of stage performances and more than 40 film and television productions. A self-described "rotten actor" as a youth, Shaw claimed to mature as a performer after returning from service in the
Royal Air Forceduring World War II. Shaw was particularly known for his performances in William Shakespeareproductions, which were considered daring and ahead of their time. He also wrote a novel, "The Christening", in 1975.
Shaw is perhaps most widely known for his brief but important performance in "", the sixth film in the "
Star Wars" franchise, in which he played Anakin Skywalker.
Sebastian Lewis Shaw was born at Holt,
Norfolkin England on 29 May 1905. His father, Dr. Geoffrey Shaw, was the music master at Gresham's School, a North Norfolkindependent coeducational boarding school, where Shaw began his education.Leech, Richard. "Better Than Beefcake: Sebastian Shaw," " The Guardian", 29 December 1994, Features (section), pg. T12.] His uncle, Martin Shaw, was a composer of church music, and his family's love of music heavily influenced Shaw's future career path."Sebastian Shaw," " The Times", 30 December 1994, Features (section).] Shaw made his acting debut at age eight on the Londonstage as one of the juvenile band in "The Cockyolly Bird" at the Royal Court Theatrein the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelseaon New Year's Dayof 1914. During his time at Gresham's, he also played Petruchioin " The Taming of the Shrew", his first of many performances from the works of William Shakespeare; fellow classmate W.H. Auden, who would go on to become a highly regarded poet, portrayed Katherina in the play opposite Shaw. After Gresham's, Shaw planned to become a painter and spent two years at the Slade School of Fine Artbefore switching his interests to acting; regarding the change, his father said to Shaw, "I wondered when you would come to your senses." Shaw earned a scholarship to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Artin Bloomsbury, London. Actor Charles Laughtonenrolled in the Academy the same time as Shaw, who later said his first impression of Laughton was "a poor fat boy."Kernan, Michael. "Sebastian Shaw & the Shades of the Bard" " The Washington Post", 1 March 1980, Style (section), pg. B2.] Although Shaw and his fellow students initially felt sympathetic toward Laughton, they were quickly impressed with his talent.
Early stage career
Shaw appeared in regional theatres in
Bristol, Liverpooland Hull. In 1925, he performed in London as the Archangel in "The Sign of the Sun", and played first Lewis Dodd and then the Major in separate productions of " The Constant Nymph"."Sebastian Shaw Obituary," " The Daily Telegraph", 2 January 1995.] Shaw received instruction in verse speaking under famed theatre director William Bridges-Adams in the Stratford Festival Company at Stratford-upon-Avon, where he played some of his early Shakespeare roles, including Romeo Montaguein " Romeo and Juliet", Ferdinand in " The Tempest" and Prince Hal in "Henry IV" in 1926. Shaw was criticised for the audacity he displayed in the latter role. When Prince Hal takes on his kingship and rejects the self-indulgent character Falstaff, convention of the day called for Prince Hal to change from a jovial drinking partner to an arrogant snob, but Shaw saw the view as simple-minded and contradictory toward Shakespeare's script. Instead, Shaw displayed inward regrets toward leaving Falstaff and accepting the new responsibilities. The interpretation was criticised at the time but, years later, was seen as the standard approach to the character.Seaton, Ray. "Mr. Shaw's Voyage of Discovery," " Express and Star", 29 April 1974.]
Shaw made his Broadway debut in 1929, when he created the role of Wyndham Brandon, one half of a duo of homosexual murderers in Patrick Hamilton's stage thriller, "Rope's End"; although he played the role in New York, he was passed over when the show moved to London. In 1929, Shaw married Margaret Delamere and lived with her in The Albany, an apartment complex off of
Piccadillyin London. Shaw would return to the works of William Shakespeare in 1931, playing Claudio in " Measure for Measure" at London's Fortune Playhouse. In 1932 he once again played Romeo at the Embassy Theatre. Other works around this period included productions of Ivor Novello's "Sunshine Sisters" in 1933; "Double Door" alongside actress Sybil Thorndikein 1934; J.M. Barrie's "A Kiss for Cinderella" in 1937; and Robert Morley's "Goodness, How Sad!" in 1938.
Early film career
filmShaw appeared in was "Caste" in 1930. The actor soon began to make a name for himself in motion pictures such as "Brewster's Millions" in 1935, "Men Are Not Gods" in 1936 and "Farewell Again" in 1937. Shaw was making about 300 pounds a week during this stage of his career. He brought what " The Daily Telegraph" described as a "smooth villainy" to the title role of Frank Sutton in "The Squeaker" in 1937, while in 1939 he played the hero Cmdr. David Blacklock alongside Conrad Veidtand Valerie Hobsonin Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger's first collaboration " The Spy in Black". Shaw described himself as a movie buff and called Academy Award-winning actor Spencer Tracyhis "great god of all screen actors";Pirani, Adam. "Sebastian Shaw: The Return of Anakin Skywalker," " Starlog", July 1987, Vol. 11, Iss. 120, pg. 56—57,+96.] he was so impressed by Tracy's technique that he claimed to become depressed while watching his movies because Tracy made acting look simple, while Shaw claimed to find it so difficult to master himself.
World War II
World War IIbroke out, Shaw took a break from his acting career and immediately joined the Royal Air Force, where he served as an Aircraftman 2nd Class. He saw little action in the service and was told the only chance he would have to fly would be as a rear gunner. Some of his fellow airmen hounded Shaw for autographs while others mocked his posh accent, to which Shaw would retaliate with an excellent and unflattering imitation of their less refined speech. Immediately upon returning to London after the war, Shaw lost his Albany flat and his acting contract, and essentially had to restart his acting career.
Although Shaw made 20 films before World War II and had already began to develop a reputation as a strong leading man before the war began, in later years Shaw would describe himself as "a rotten actor" in the 1930s who landed roles based mainly on his good looks. He used the phrase "a piece of cinema
beefcake" to describe himself as an actor during that period, and felt it was after his return home from military service that he learned to act properly and began to mature as a performer. Shaw's Royal Air Force experience would be put to good use when he played a pilot in "Journey Together", the 1946 RAF training film in which actor Edward G. Robinsonwould coach actor Richard Attenboroughin the rudiments of flying.Benedick, Adan. "Sebastian Shaw," " The Independent", 13 February 1995 Gazette (section), pg. 12.]
Post World War II career
In 1945, Shaw returned to the Embassy Theatre to direct Fyodor Dostoevsky's "The Gambler". Significant theatre roles that decade would include
Herculesin "The Thracian Horses" at the Lyric Hammersmiththeatre in 1946; Hern Lawrance in "I Said to Myself" at the "Old Mercury Theatre" in 1947; Sir James Kirkham in "His Excellency" at Prince's Theatre in 1950 and Filmer Jesson, MP in Arthur Wing Pinero's "His House In Order" at New Theatre in 1951. In 1956, he would play the title role in the first English production of Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Everyman". That same year, he would write the lyrics to his father's ballad-opera, "All at Sea", which played at the Royal College of Music. In 1957, he played Luciferin "Brother Lucifer" in Shrewsbury, England, and a sinister Venetian agent in Jonathan Griffin's "The Hidden King" in Edinburgh, Scotland.
As Shaw grew older, his reputation as a dramatic actor grew stronger, and he became known for a sharp intelligence and dignified style. Although his good looks began to diminish, reviewers felt his florid and weatherbeaten face was well utilised by Shaw in evoking grandeur and self-assuredness in such roles as generals, priests and his familiar Shakespearean parts. In 1956, his wife Margaret Delamere died; she was survived by her daughter with Shaw, Drusilla."IN MEMORIAM Mr. Sebastian Shaw," "
The Daily Telegraph", 15 February 1995.] Shaw began a romantic relationship in the mid-1950s with Joan Ingpen, the well-known classical musicand operatalent agent who previously represented Shaw. The two were romantically involved, to the point that she even took his last name, for about four decades until Shaw's death.Sutcliffe, Tom. "Obituary: Joan Ingpen, Inspirational artistic organiser at Covent Garden, Paris Opera and the New York Met," " The Guardian", 14 January 2008, Obituaries Pages (section), pg. 34.] During the 1980s, however, Shaw also engaged in a brief relationship with Harriet Ravenscroft, the mother of disc jockey John Peel, whom Shaw met while performing at Ludlow Castleat Ludlow. Shaw split his time between Ingpen and Ravenscroft on a four-day rotation basis to which both women consented. Although Peel got along with Shaw and said he made his mother happy, Peel admitted he did not feel comfortable with the arrangement and felt it disrupted his mother's friendships and prospects for a more stable relationship. and Ravenscroft, Sheila (2007). "Margrave of the Marches", Chicago: Chicago Review Press, pg. 87—89. ISBN 1556526520.]
Shaw wrote "Take a Life", his first play, in 1961. He directed a production of the show at London's
Mermaid Theatre, where he also played the lead role of the Detective. That same year he played two lead roles in George Bernard Shawplays at the Dublin Theatre Festival: " Mrs. Warren's Profession" and "Candida". Around this time, Shaw also wrote an outline for a television comedyseries about four girls sharing a flat, inspired by his real-life daughter, who was in her early twenties and living in a flat with other girls her age. The series was submitted to the Granada Televisioncompany, which expressed interest in the show and said it was one of two under consideration for television. The company ultimately chose the other show, the long-running British soap opera" Coronation Street".
. ISBN n/a.]
Royal Shakespeare Company
In 1965, British theatre director
William Gaskillwas named artistic director of the Royal Court Theatre, where he hoped to re-establish a repertoire. He approached Shaw, who made his acting début at the Royal Court Theatre as a youth, and Shaw agreed to return. There he would deliver several performances there over the next year, including General Conrad von Hotzendorf in Joan Osborne's " A Patriot for Me"; various roles in Ann Jellicoe's "Shelley"; SirFrancis Harker in N. F. Simpson's " The Cresta Run" and Pte Atterclife in John Arden's " Serjeant Musgrave's Dance".
In 1966, Shaw joined the
Royal Shakespeare Company, where he spent the next decade of his career and eventually became an associate artist. He mostly appeared in Shakespeare plays, including the title role in " Cymbeline"; Edmund of Langleyin "Richard II"; the King in " All's Well That Ends Well"; Ulysses in " Troilus and Cressida"; and Leonato in " Much Ado About Nothing". " The Times" described his performance in the title role of " Cymbeline" as "awe-inspiring", and " The Independent" described his performance as Poloniusin " Hamlet" as "unrivalled in his complacency and sense of circumstance." The "Telegraph" described his performance of Gloucester in " King Lear" as "doleful" and his performance of Duncan in " Macbeth" as "decent." Many of the company's Shakespearean productions at the time were considered interpretive and modern, which drew criticism from some traditionalists, but Shaw defended the experimental nature of the shows and shunned the notion that plays should be restricted to preconceived interpretations.
He demonstrated what "The Daily Telegraph" called a "crusty charm" as Sir Oblong Fitz Oblong in Robert Bolt's children's play, "The Thwarting of Baron Bolligrew", during his time with the company. Shaw was also noted as possessing a gift for dry comedy during this period of his acting career, such as during his roles in Maxim Gorky's plays "Enemies" and "Summerfolk". Shaw demonstrated a particular knack for Russian comedy in Jonathan Miller's productions of
Anton Chekhovplays "Three Sisters" and "Ivanov".
Shaw wrote "The Christening", his only
novel, in 1975. Shaw originally planned to call the novel "The Godfather", but later said he was glad he did not due to the popularity of Mario Puzo's book of that name. "The Christening" focuses around Miles Madgwick, who believes himself to be bisexual but is too timid to find out through physical intercourse, so he instead describes his most intimate thoughts into his diary. He then meets, and becomes attracted to, a married woman named Alice and her son, Rodney; he comes to identify with Rodney's childhood innocence, and in Alice sees a symbol both of his mother and a heterosexual lover. Alice starts to tire of her husband and grow fonder of Madgwick, who experiences mixed emotions in his continued interactions with her and Rodney.Shaw, Sebastian (1975). "The Christening", London: W.H. Allen Ltd. ISBN 0491018231.]
One night, Rodney stays overnight at Madgwick's house and, when he takes the boy home in a taxicab, the driver observes their strange behaviour and accuses Madgwick of being a pederast. When Alice asks Madgwick to become the godfather to her new child, the driver threatens to expose Madgwick, creating a conflict between losing his first feelings of intimacy with others or facing humiliation and ridicule at the driver's exposure. A description in the book cover flap reads, "In this tender, sensitive and blackly comic novel, Sebastian Shaw, the distinguished Shakespearean actor, explores areas of sexual and emotional encounter that are rarely seen and, unfortunately, too rarely understood." Shaw was said to have been working on another novel shortly after "The Christening" was completed, but no others were ever published.
Acting career in 1970s
In 1978, Shaw earned acclaim for his performance as a judge in the stage debut of "
Whose Life Is It Anyway?" at the Mermaid Theatre, where he debuted his first play 17 years earlier. The production won Laurence Olivier Awardsfor Best Play and Best Actor ( Tom Conti). Although 73 years old, Shaw did not let his age slow down his career. During the run of this production a mugger tried to steal his money, but Shaw chased him down, tackled him and recovered his property. Later that same year, Shaw was painted in the nude by his nephew, Brian Ocean. During his later years, Shaw suffered a physical disability that made him tremble, which had a negative impact on his television roles, particularly when handling cups or trays of drinks. One of Shaw's later television appearances was in " The Old Curiosity Shop", a 1979 mini-series based on the novel by Charles Dickens. Around this time, he also voiced the part of SquireBeltham in a radioproduction of "The Adventurers of Harry Richmond", which "The Daily Telegraph" said was "remembered with affection." Shaw lent his voice to several radio performance, both Shakespearean and modern, including protagonist John Tanner in the five-hour " Man and Superman" by George Bernard Shaw.
"Return of the Jedi"
Shaw participated in an audition for the "Return of the Jedi" part but, due to the secrecy regarding the production, was not allowed to see his portion of the actual script until he had guaranteed to take the role and promised not to reveal any film secrets to anyone. His contract included a stipulation that he could not even tell family or friends the part he would be playing; Shaw told "Starlog" when asked by his loved ones about the role, he would answer, "I'm sorry, I'm not at liberty to tell you." Shaw received many press inquiries about his part in the movie once word of his casting was leaked, but he did not discuss his participation in the film until
George Lucasgave him permission after the film's 1983 theatrical release. When Shaw arrived at the set for filming, he ran into his friend Ian McDiarmid, the actor playing Emperor Palpatine, but Shaw did not tell him anything about the part. When McDiarmid asked him what he was doing there, Shaw simply responded, "I don't know, dear boy, I think it's something to do with science-fiction."Chernoff, Scott. "Ian McDiarmid: An Interview with the Emperor." " Star Wars Insider", iss. 37, April/May 1998, pg. 33.] McDiarmid later reflected upon the comment, "That was Sebastian. The "Star Wars" saga had passed him blissfully by."
Shaw's scene in "Return of the Jedi" was filmed in only one day at
Elstree Studiosin Hertfordshire, England. His presence during the filming was kept secret from all but the absolute minimum cast and crew. Director Richard Marquanddirected the scene, but George Lucas was present for the entire length of filming.Shaw found the costume to be physically challenging during his scene; he had difficulty breathing through the two small holes in the quarter-inch thick Darth Vader mask that covered his entire face and head. His head was shaven, white make-up was applied to his face, black make-up was applied around his eyes and fake burn scars were applied to his head and cheeks. Regarding the screenplay by Lucas and Lawrence Kasdan, Shaw told "Starlog" his unmasking scene "was so beautifully written that we never altered the dialogue at all." The scene was filmed in only a few takes, although some of Mark Hamill's close-ups took multiple takes because Shaw said "he was so terribly anxious to get it right." Shaw said the young actor was enjoyable to work with and appreciative of Shaw's experience.
The unmasking scene lasts two minutes and seven seconds and includes 24 words of dialogue spoken by Shaw.George Lucas and
Lawrence Kasdan, directed by Richard Marquand.] George Lucas personally directed Shaw for his appearance in the final scene of the movie, in which he is a Force ghostof Anakin Skywalker dressed in brown and white robes, his prior burns and injuries completely healed. The footage was shot against a green screen and the characters of Obi-Wan Kenobiand Yoda, with whom Anakin exchanges glances and smiles, were added later. Shaw did not know the purpose of the footage and believed it to be publicity, not for the film. When directing the scene, Lucas simply advised the actor, "Look happy, smile."
Shaw received more fan mail and autograph requests from "Return of the Jedi" than he had for any role in his career; he said most of the letters he received were from boys between the ages of 12 and 14, but he also heard from older people who were unexpectedly touched by the film. Shaw later reflected that he very much enjoyed his experience filming for "Return of the Jedi" and expressed particular surprise that an
action figurewas made of him from the film.
ROTJ re-release changes
Acting career in 1980s
Shaw remained active in his later years; along with fellow Royal Shakespeare Company actors
Ian Richardson, John Nettles, Martin Best, and Ann Firbank, Shaw engaged in discussions and workshops with acting teachers and students in the early 1980s.Lardner, James. "Theater Notes" " The Washington Post", 28 February 1980, Style (section), pg. D9.] Although appearances in films became far less common in Shaw's later career, he received much acclaim for his performance as the Cold Warspy Sharp in Clare Peploe's "High Season" at the New York Film Festivalin 1987; " The San Diego Union-Tribune" said Shaw played the role with "endearing, sweet gravity".Elliott, David. "Paradise found in witty, sensual 'High Tension'," " The San Diego Union-Tribune", 6 July 1988, Lifestyle (section), pg. D-1.] One of his last performances was in the Christmasseason of 1988 and 1989, when he played the wizard in a stage production of "The Wizard of Oz" at the Barbican Centre and the Stratford Festival Company. "The Times" said audiences were "delighted to recognise his honeyed threats from behind the great carapace that disguised the Wizard of Oz". Shaw became an honorary life-member at The Garrick Club, which included such past members as writers Charles Dickens, J. M. Barrie, Kingsley Amisand A. A. Milne; artists Dante Gabriel Rossettiand John Everett Millais; and composer Edward Elgar.
Shaw died of natural causes on 23 December 1994 at age 89 in
Brighton, East Sussex, England. A funeral service was held 15 February 1995 at St Paul's, Covent Garden, commonly known as The Actors' Church due to its long association with the theatre community, in Covent Garden, London. Actors Ian Richardson and Ben Kingsleyread works by William Shakespeare; stage actress Estelle Kohler read "The Ways of Love" by Victorian poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning; actress Sheila Allenread "Life" by Welsh poet George Herbert; and actor Kenneth Branaghread from the works of Canon Henry Scott Holland. One of Shaw's own poems, "Gemini", was also read. BaritoneStephen Varcoe sang "Wie bist du meine Konigin" by Johannes Brahms, accompanied by Graham Johnsonon the piano, and guitarist Martin Best performed and sang his composition of "Ariel's Songs" from " The Tempest". Shaw was survived by his partner Joan Ingpen; daughter Drusilla MacLeod; sisters Susan Bonner-Morgan and Penelope Harness; and his sister-in-law Olga Young.
* [http://www.nerf-herders-anonymous.net/SebastianShaw.html Sebastian Shaw at Nerf Herders]
* [http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Sebastian_Shaw Sebastian Shaw at Wookieepedia]
* [http://www.sebastianshaw.com "The Complete Sebastian Shaw Tome Of Knowledge"—Unofficial website] Persondata
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Stage actor; movie actor; author
DATE OF BIRTH=1905-05-29
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Holt, Norfolk NorfolkEngland
DATE OF DEATH=1994-12-23
PLACE OF DEATH=
Brighton East SussexEngland
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