51st United States Congress - State Delegations

51st United States Congress - State Delegations

The Fifty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, comprised of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4 1889 to March 3 1891, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Benjamin Harrison.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Ninth Census of the United States in 1880. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

This article supplements the main article with a list of the members by state delegation.

:"Main article: 51st United States Congress":"See also: 51st United States Congress - political parties":"See also: United States House election, 1888"

Dates of sessions

March 4 1889 - March 3 1891
*Special session of the Senate: March 4 1889April 2 1889
*First session: December 2 1889 - October 1 1890
*Second session: December 1 1890 - March 2 1891 — a lame duck sessionPrevious congress: 50th Congress
Next congress: 52nd Congress


Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1892; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1894; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1890.

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise "at-large," are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

The list below is arranged by state, then by chamber. Senators are shown in order of seniority, House members in district order.


*2: John T. Morgan (1824-1907), "Democratic"
*3: James L. Pugh (1820-1907), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(8 seats)"
*ushr|Alabama|1|1: Richard H. Clarke (1843-1906), "Democratic"
*ushr|Alabama|2|2: Hilary A. Herbert (1834-1919), "Democratic"
*ushr|Alabama|3|3: William C. Oates (1835-1910), "Democratic"
*ushr|Alabama|4|4: Louis W. Turpin (1849-1903), "Democratic" ...contested election, served until June 4 1890.
*: John V. McDuffie (1841-1896), "Republican" ...contested election, seated June 4 1890.
*ushr|Alabama|5|5: James E. Cobb (1835-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|Alabama|6|6: John H. Bankhead (1842-1920), "Democratic"
*ushr|Alabama|7|7: William H. Forney (1823-1894), "Democratic"
*ushr|Alabama|8|8: Joseph Wheeler (1836-1906), "Democratic"


*3: James K. Jones (1839-1908), "Democratic"
*2: James H. Berry (1841-1913), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(5 seats)"
*ushr|Arkansas|1|1: William H. Cate (1839-1899), "Democratic" ...contested election, served until March 5 1890.
*: Lewis P. Featherstone (1851-1922), "Labor"' ...contested election, seated March 5 1890.
*ushr|Arkansas|2|2: Clifton R. Breckinridge (1846-1932), "Democratic" ...contested election, served until September 5 1890.; elected to fill resulting vacancy, seated December 1 1890.
*ushr|Arkansas|3|3: Thomas C. McRae (1851-1929), "Democratic"
*ushr|Arkansas|4|4: John H. Rogers (1845-1911), "Democratic"
*ushr|Arkansas|5|5: Samuel W. Peel (1831-1924), "Democratic"


*3: Leland Stanford (1824-1893), "Republican"
*1: George Hearst (1820-1891), "Democratic" ...died in office February 28 1891.:House of Representatives "(6 seats)"
*ushr|California|1|1: John J. De Haven (1849-1913), "Republican" ...resigned October 1 1890.
*: Thomas J. Geary (1854-1929), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 9 1890.
*ushr|California|2|2: Marion Biggs (1823-1910), "Democratic"
*ushr|California|3|3: Joseph McKenna (1843-1926), "Republican"
*ushr|California|4|4: William W. Morrow (1843-1929), "Republican"
*ushr|California|5|5: Thomas J. Clunie (1852-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|California|6|6: William Vandever (1817-1893), "Republican"


*3: Henry M. Teller (1830-1914), "Republican"
*2: Edward O. Wolcott (1848-1905), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(1 seats)"
*ushr|Colorado|AL|A/L: Hosea Townsend (1840-1909), "Republican"


*3: Orville H. Platt (1827-1905), "Republican"
*1: Joseph R. Hawley (1826-1905), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(4 seats)"
*ushr|Connecticut|1|1: William E. Simonds (1842-1903), "Republican"
*ushr|Connecticut|2|2: Washington F. Willcox (1834-1909), "Democratic"
*ushr|Connecticut|3|3: Charles A. Russell (1852-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Connecticut|4|4: Frederick Miles (1815-1896), "Republican"


*1: George Gray (1840-1925), "Democratic"
*2: Anthony Higgins (1840-1912), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Delaware|AL|A/L: John B. Penington (1825-1902), "Democratic"


*3: Wilkinson Call (1834-1910), "Democratic"
*1: Samuel Pasco (1834-1917), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(2 seats)"
*ushr|Florida|1|1: Robert H. M. Davidson (1832-1908), "Democratic"
*ushr|Florida|2|2: Robert Bullock (1828-1905), "Democratic"


*3: Joseph E. Brown (1821-1894), "Democratic"
*2: Alfred H. Colquitt (1824-1894), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(10 seats)"
*ushr|Georgia|1|1: Rufus E. Lester (1837-1906), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|2|2: Henry G. Turner (1839-1904), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|3|3: Charles F. Crisp (1845-1896), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|4|4: Thomas W. Grimes (1844-1905), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|5|5: John D. Stewart (1833-1894), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|6|6: James H. Blount (1837-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|7|7: Judson C. Clements (1846-1917), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|8|8: Henry H. Carlton (1835-1905), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|9|9: Allen D. Candler (1834-1910), "Democratic"
*ushr|Georgia|AL|A/L: George T. Barnes (1833-1901), "Democratic"


*3: William J. McConnell (1839-1925), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated January 5 1891.
*2: George L. Shoup (1836-1904), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 29 1890.:House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Idaho|AL|A/L: Willis Sweet (1856-1925), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 1 1890.


*2: Shelby M. Cullom (1829-1914), "Republican"
*3: Charles B. Farwell (1823-1903), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(20 seats)"
*ushr|Illinois|1|1: Abner Taylor (1829-1903), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|2|2: Frank Lawler (1842-1896), "Democratic"
*ushr|Illinois|3|3: William E. Mason (1850-1921), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|4|4: George E. Adams (1840-1917), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|5|5: Albert J. Hopkins (1846-1922), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|6|6: Robert R. Hitt (1834-1906), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|7|7: Thomas J. Henderson (1824-1911), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|8|8: Charles A. Hill (1833-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|9|9: Lewis E. Payson (1840-1909), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|10|10: Philip S. Post (1833-1895), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|11|11: William H. Gest (1838-1912), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|12|12: Scott Wike (1834-1901), "Democratic"
*ushr|Illinois|13|13: William M. Springer (1836-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|Illinois|14|14: Jonathan H. Rowell (1833-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|15|15: Joseph G. Cannon (1836-1926), "Republican"
*ushr|Illinois|16|16: George W. Fithian (1854-1921), "Democratic"
*ushr|Illinois|17|17: Edward Lane (1842-1912), "Democratic"
*ushr|Illinois|18|18: William S. Forman (1847-1908), "Democratic"
*ushr|Illinois|19|19: Richard W. Townshend (1840-1899), "Democratic" ...died March 9 1889, before Congress assembled.
*: James R. Williams (1850-1923), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|Illinois|20|20: George Washington Smith (1846-1907), "Republican"


*3: Daniel W. Voorhees (1827-1897), "Democratic"
*1: David Turpie (1828-1909), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(13 seats)"
*ushr|Indiana|1|1: William F. Parrett (1825-1895), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|2|2: John H. O'Neall (1838-1907), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|3|3: Jason B. Brown (1839-1898), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|4|4: William S. Holman (1822-1897), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|5|5: George W. Cooper (1851-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|6|6: Thomas M. Browne (1829-1891), "Republican"
*ushr|Indiana|7|7: William D. Bynum (1846-1927), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|8|8: Elijah V. Brookshire (1856-1936), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|9|9: Joseph B. Cheadle (1842-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|Indiana|10|10: William D. Owen (1846-1906), "Republican"
*ushr|Indiana|11|11: Augustus N. Martin (1847-1901), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|12|12: Charles A. O. McClellan (1835-1898), "Democratic"
*ushr|Indiana|13|13: Benjamin F. Shively (1857-1916), "Democratic"


*3: William B. Allison (1829-1908), "Republican"
*2: James F. Wilson (1828-1895), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(11 seats)"
*ushr|Iowa|1|1: John H. Gear (1825-1900), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|2|2: Walter I. Hayes (1841-1901), "Democratic"
*ushr|Iowa|3|3: David B. Henderson (1840-1906), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|4|4: Joseph H. Sweney (1845-1918), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|5|5: Daniel Kerr (1836-1916), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|6|6: John F. Lacey (1841-1913), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|7|7: Edwin H. Conger (1843-1907), "Republican" ...resigned October 24 1890.
*: Edward R. Hays (1847-1896), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1890.
*ushr|Iowa|8|8: James P. Flick (1845-1929), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|9|9: Joseph R. Reed (1835-1925), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|10|10: Jonathan P. Dolliver (1858-1910), "Republican"
*ushr|Iowa|11|11: Isaac S. Struble (1843-1913), "Republican"


*3: John J. Ingalls (1833-1900), "Republican"
*2: Preston B. Plumb (1837-1891), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(7 seats)"
*ushr|Kansas|1|1: Edmund N. Morrill (1834-1909), "Republican"
*ushr|Kansas|2|2: Edward H. Funston (1836-1911), "Republican"
*ushr|Kansas|3|3: Bishop W. Perkins (1841-1894), "Republican"
*ushr|Kansas|4|4: Thomas Ryan (1837-1914), "Republican" ...resigned April 4 1889.
*: Harrison Kelley (1836-1897), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|Kansas|5|5: John A. Anderson (1834-1892), "Republican"
*ushr|Kansas|6|6: Erastus J. Turner (1846-1933), "Republican"
*ushr|Kansas|7|7: Samuel R. Peters (1842-1910), "Republican"


*2: James B. Beck (1822-1890), "Democratic" ...died in office May 3 1890.
*: John G. Carlisle (1834-1910), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated May 26 1890.
*3: Joseph C. S. Blackburn (1838-1918), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(11 seats)"
*ushr|Kentucky|1|1: William J. Stone (1841-1923), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|2|2: William T. Ellis (1845-1925), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|3|3: Isaac H. Goodnight (1849-1901), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|4|4: Alexander B. Montgomery (1837-1910), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|5|5: Asher G. Caruth (1844-1907), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|6|6: John G. Carlisle (1834-1910), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated May 26 1890.
*: William W. Dickerson (1851-1923), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated June 30 1890.
*ushr|Kentucky|7|7: William C. P. Breckinridge (1837-1904), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|8|8: James B. McCreary (1838-1918), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|9|9: Thomas H. Paynter (1851-1921), "Democratic"
*ushr|Kentucky|10|10: John H. Wilson (1846-1923), "Republican"
*ushr|Kentucky|11|11: Hugh F. Finley (1833-1909), "Republican"


*2: Randall L. Gibson (1832-1892), "Democratic"
*3: James B. Eustis (1834-1899), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(6 seats)"
*ushr|Louisiana|1|1: Theodore S. Wilkinson (1847-1921), "Democratic"
*ushr|Louisiana|2|2: Hamilton D. Coleman (1845-1926), "Republican"
*ushr|Louisiana|3|3: Edward J. Gay (1816-1899), "Democratic" ...died May 30 1889, before Congress assembled.
*: Andrew Price (1854-1909), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|Louisiana|4|4: Newton C. Blanchard (1849-1922), "Democratic"
*ushr|Louisiana|5|5: Charles J. Boatner (1849-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|Louisiana|6|6: Samuel M. Robertson (1852-1911), "Democratic"


*1: Eugene Hale (1836-1918), "Republican"
*2: William P. Frye (1830-1911), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(4 seats)"
*ushr|Maine|1|1: Thomas B. Reed (1839-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Maine|2|2: Nelson Dingley, Jr. (1832-1899), "Republican"
*ushr|Maine|3|3: Seth L. Milliken (1831-1897), "Republican"
*ushr|Maine|4|4: Charles A. Boutelle (1839-1901), "Republican"


*1: Arthur Pue Gorman (1839-1906), "Democratic"
*3: Ephraim K. Wilson (1821-1891), "Democratic" ...died in office February 24 1891.:House of Representatives "(6 seats)"
*ushr|Maryland|1|1: Charles H. Gibson (1842-1900), "Democratic"
*ushr|Maryland|2|2: Herman Stump (1837-1917), "Democratic"
*ushr|Maryland|3|3: Henry W. Rusk (1852-1926), "Democratic"
*ushr|Maryland|4|4: Henry J. Stockbridge, Jr. (1856-1924), "Republican"
*ushr|Maryland|5|5: Barnes Compton (1830-1898), "Democratic" …contested election, served until March 20 1890.
*: Sydney E. Mudd (1858-1911), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated March 20 1890.
*ushr|Maryland|6|6: Louis E. McComas (1846-1907), "Republican"


*1: Henry L. Dawes (1816-1903), "Republican"
*2: George F. Hoar (1826-1904), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(12 seats)"
*ushr|Massachusetts|1|1: Charles S. Randall (1824-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|2|2: Elijah A. Morse (1841-1898), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|3|3: John F. Andrew (1850-1895), "Democratic"
*ushr|Massachusetts|4|4: Joseph H. O'Neil (1853-1935), "Democratic"
*ushr|Massachusetts|5|5: Nathaniel P. Banks (1816-1894), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|6|6: Henry Cabot Lodge (1850-1924), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|7|7: William Cogswell (1838-1895), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|8|8: Frederic T. Greenhalge (1842-1896), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|9|9: John W. Candler (1828-1903), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|10|10: Joseph H. Walker (1829-1907), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|11|11: Rodney Wallace (1823-1903), "Republican"
*ushr|Massachusetts|12|12: Francis W. Rockwell (1844-1929), "Republican"


*1: Francis B. Stockbridge (1826-1894), "Republican"
*2: James McMillan (1838-1902), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(11 seats)"
*ushr|Michigan|1|1: J. Logan Chipman (1830-1893), "Democratic"
*ushr|Michigan|2|2: Edward P. Allen (1839-1909), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|3|3: James O'Donnell (1840-1915), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|4|4: Julius C. Burrows (1837-1915), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|5|5: Charles E. Belknap (1846-1929), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|6|6: Mark S. Brewer (1837-1901), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|7|7: Justin R. Whiting (1847-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|Michigan|8|8: Aaron T. Bliss (1837-1906), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|9|9: Byron M. Cutcheon (1836-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|10|10: Frank W. Wheeler (1853-1921), "Republican"
*ushr|Michigan|11|11: Samuel M. Stephenson (1831-1907), "Republican"


*1: Cushman K. Davis (1838-1900), "Republican"
*2: William D. Washburn (1831-1912), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(5 seats)"
*ushr|Minnesota|1|1: Mark H. Dunnell (1823-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|Minnesota|2|2: John Lind (1854-1930), "Republican"
*ushr|Minnesota|3|3: Darwin S. Hall (1844-1919), "Republican"
*ushr|Minnesota|4|4: Samuel P. Snider (1845-1928), "Republican"
*ushr|Minnesota|5|5: Solomon G. Comstock (1842-1933), "Republican"


*1: James Z. George (1826-1897), "Democratic"
*2: Edward C. Walthall (1831-1898), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(7 seats)"
*ushr|Mississippi|1|1: John M. Allen (1846-1917), "Democratic"
*ushr|Mississippi|2|2: James B. Morgan (1833-1892), "Democratic"
*ushr|Mississippi|3|3: Thomas C. Catchings (1847-1927), "Democratic"
*ushr|Mississippi|4|4: Clarke Lewis (1840-1896), "Democratic"
*ushr|Mississippi|5|5: Chapman L. Anderson (1845-1924), "Democratic"
*ushr|Mississippi|6|6: Thomas R. Stockdale (1828-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|Mississippi|7|7: Charles E. Hooker (1825-1914), "Democratic"


*1: Francis M. Cockrell (1834-1915), "Democratic"
*3: George G. Vest (1830-1904), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(14 seats)"
*ushr|Missouri|1|1: William H. Hatch (1833-1896), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|2|2: Charles H. Mansur (1835-1895), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|3|3: Alexander M. Dockery (1845-1926), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|4|4: Robert P. C. Wilson (1834-1916), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|5|5: John C. Tarsney (1845-1920), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|6|6: John T. Heard (1840-1927), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|7|7: Richard H. Norton (1849-1918), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|8|8: Frederick G. Niedringhaus (1837-1922), "Republican"
*ushr|Missouri|9|9: Nathan Frank (1852-1931), "Republican"
*ushr|Missouri|10|10: William M. Kinsey (1846-1931), "Republican"
*ushr|Missouri|11|11: Richard P. Bland (1835-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|12|12: William J. Stone (1848-1918), "Democratic"
*ushr|Missouri|13|13: William H. Wade (1835-1911), "Republican"
*ushr|Missouri|14|14: James P. Walker (1851-1890), "Democratic" ...died in office July 20,1890.
*: Robert H. Whitelaw (1854-1937), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1890.


*1: Wilbur F. Sanders (1834-1905), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated April 16 1890.
*2: Thomas C. Power (1839-1923), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated April 16 1890.:House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Montana|AL|A/L: Thomas H. Carter (1854-1911), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.


*2: Charles F. Manderson (1837-1911), "Republican"
*1: Algernon S. Paddock (1830-1897), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(3 seats)"
*ushr|Nebraska|1|1: William J. Connell (1846-1924), "Republican"
*ushr|Nebraska|2|2: James Laird (1849-1899), "Republican" ...died August 17 1889, before Congress assembled.
*: Gilbert L. Laws (1838-1907), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|Nebraska|3|3: George W. E. Dorsey (1842-1911), "Republican"


*3: John P. Jones (1829-1912), "Republican"
*1: William M. Stewart (1827-1909), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Nevada|AL|A/L: Horace F. Bartine (1848-1918), "Republican"

New Hampshire

*3: Henry W. Blair (1834-1920), "Republican"
*2: Gilman Marston (1811-1890), "Republican" …appointed to fill vacancy, served until June 18 1889.
*: William E. Chandler (1835-1917), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated June 18 1889.:House of Representatives "(2 seats)"
*ushr|New Hampshire|1|1: Alonzo Nute (1826-1892), "Republican"
*ushr|New Hampshire|2|2: Orren C. Moore (1839-1893), "Republican"

New Jersey

*2: John R. McPherson (1833-1897), "Democratic"
*1: Rufus Blodgett (1834-1910), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(7 seats)"
*ushr|New Jersey|1|1: Christopher A. Bergen (1841-1905), "Republican"
*ushr|New Jersey|2|2: James Buchanan (1839-1900), "Republican"
*ushr|New Jersey|3|3: Jacob A. Geissenhainer (1839-1917), "Democratic"
*ushr|New Jersey|4|4: Samuel Fowler (1851-1919), "Democratic"
*ushr|New Jersey|5|5: Charles D. Beckwith (1838-1921), "Republican"
*ushr|New Jersey|6|6: Herman Lehlbach (1845-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|New Jersey|7|7: William McAdoo (1853-1930), "Democratic"

New York

*3: William M. Evarts (1818-1901), "Republican"
*1: Frank Hiscock (1834-1914), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(34 seats)"
*ushr|New York|1|1: James W. Covert (1842-1910), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|2|2: Felix Campbell (1829-1902), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|3|3: William C. Wallace (1856-1901), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|4|4: John M. Clancy (1837-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|5|5: Thomas F. Magner (1860-1945) , "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|6|6: Frank T. Fitzgerald (1857-1907), "Democratic" ...resigned November 4 1889.
*: Charles H. Turner (1861-1913), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 9 1889.
*ushr|New York|7|7: Edward J. Dunphy (1856-1926), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|8|8: John H. McCarthy (1850-1908), "Democratic" ...resigned January 14 1891.
*ushr|New York|9|9: Samuel S. Cox (1824-1899), "Democratic" ...died September 10 1889, before Congress assembled.
*: Amos J. Cummings (1841-1902), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|New York|10|10: Francis B. Spinola (1821-1891), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|11|11: John Quinn (1839-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|12|12: Roswell P. Flower (1835-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|13|13: Ashbel P. Fitch (1848-1904), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|14|14: William G. Stahlnecker (1849-1902), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|15|15: Moses D. Stivers (1828-1895), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|16|16: John H. Ketcham (1832-1906), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|17|17: Charles J. Knapp (1845-1916), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|18|18: John A. Quackenbush (1828-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|19|19: Charles Tracey (1847-1905), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|20|20: John Sanford (1851-1939), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|21|21: John H. Moffitt (1843-1926), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|22|22: Frederick Lansing (1838-1894), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|23|23: James S. Sherman (1855-1912), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|24|24: David Wilber (1820-1890), "Republican" ...died in office April 1 1890.
*: John S. Pindar (1835-1907), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1890.
*ushr|New York|25|25: James J. Belden (1825-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|26|26: Milton De Lano (1844-1922), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|27|27: Newton W. Nutting (1840-1899), "Republican" ...died October 15 1889, before Congress assembled.
*: Sereno E. Payne (1843-1914), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|New York|28|28: Thomas S. Flood (1844-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|29|29: John Raines (1840-1909), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|30|30: Charles S. Baker (1839-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|31|31: John G. Sawyer (1825-1898), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|32|32: John M. Farquhar (1832-1918), "Republican"
*ushr|New York|33|33: John McClure Wiley (1846-1912), "Democratic"
*ushr|New York|34|34: William G. Laidlaw (1840-1908), "Republican"

North Carolina

*2: Matt W. Ransom (1826-1904), "Democratic"
*3: Zebulon B. Vance (1830-1894), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(9 seats)"
*ushr|North Carolina|1|1: Thomas G. Skinner (1842-1907), "Democratic"
*ushr|North Carolina|2|2: Henry P. Cheatham (1857-1935), "Republican"
*ushr|North Carolina|3|3: Charles W. McClammy (1839-1896), "Democratic"
*ushr|North Carolina|4|4: Benjamin H. Bunn (1844-1907), "Democratic"
*ushr|North Carolina|5|5: John M. Brower (1845-1913), "Republican"
*ushr|North Carolina|6|6: Alfred Rowland (1844-1898), "Democratic"
*ushr|North Carolina|7|7: John S. Henderson (1846-1916), "Democratic"
*ushr|North Carolina|8|8: William H. H. Cowles (1840-1901), "Democratic"
*ushr|North Carolina|9|9: Hamilton G. Ewart (1849-1918), "Republican"

North Dakota

*3: Gilbert A. Pierce (1839-1901), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 4 1889.
*1: Lyman R. Casey (1837-1914), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 4 1889.:House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|North Dakota|AL|A/L: Henry C. Hansbrough (1848-1933), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.


*1: John Sherman (1823-1900), "Republican"
*3: Henry B. Payne (1810-1896), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(21 seats)"
*ushr|Ohio|1|1: Benjamin Butterworth (1837-1898), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|2|2: John A. Caldwell (1852-1927), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|3|3: Elihu S. Williams (1835-1903), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|4|4: Samuel S. Yoder (1841-1921), "Democratic"
*ushr|Ohio|5|5: George E. Seney (1832-1905), "Democratic"
*ushr|Ohio|6|6: Melvin M. Boothman (1846-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|7|7: Henry L. Morey (1841-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|8|8: Robert P. Kennedy (1840-1918), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|9|9: William C. Cooper (1832-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|10|10: William E. Haynes (1829-1914), "Democratic"
*ushr|Ohio|11|11: Albert C. Thompson (1842-1910), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|12|12: Jacob J. Pugsley (1838-1920), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|13|13: Joseph H. Outhwaite (1841-1907), "Democratic"
*ushr|Ohio|14|14: Charles P. Wickham (1836-1925), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|15|15: Charles H. Grosvenor (1833-1917), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|16|16: James W. Owens (1837-1900), "Democratic"
*ushr|Ohio|17|17: Joseph D. Taylor (1830-1899), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|18|18: William McKinley, Jr. (1843-1901), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|19|19: Ezra B. Taylor (1823-1912), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|20|20: Martin L. Smyser (1851-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|Ohio|21|21: Theodore E. Burton (1851-1929), "Republican"


*2: Joseph N. Dolph (1835-1897), "Republican"
*3: John H. Mitchell (1835-1905), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Oregon|AL|A/L: Binger Hermann (1843-1926), "Republican"


*3: J. Donald Cameron (1833-1918), "Republican"
*1: Matthew S. Quay (1833-1904), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(28 seats)"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|1|1: Henry H. Bingham (1841-1912), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|2|2: Charles O'Neill (1821-1893), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|3|3: Samuel J. Randall (1828-1890), "Democratic" ...died in office April 13 1890.
*: Richard Vaux (1816-1895), "Democratic" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated May 28 1890.
*ushr|Pennsylvania|4|4: William D. Kelley (1814-1890), "Republican" ...died in office January 9 1890.
*: John E. Reyburn (1845-1914), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated February 24 1890.
*ushr|Pennsylvania|5|5: Alfred C. Harmer (1825-1900), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|6|6: Smedley Darlington (1827-1899), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|7|7: Robert M. Yardley (1850-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|8|8: William Mutchler (1831-1893), "Democratic"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|9|9: David B. Brunner (1835-1903), "Democratic"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|10|10: Marriott Brosius (1843-1901), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|11|11: Joseph A. Scranton (1838-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|12|12: Edwin S. Osborne (1839-1900), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|13|13: James B. Reilly (1845-1924), "Democratic"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|14|14: John W. Rife (1846-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|15|15: Myron B. Wright (1847-1894), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|16|16: Henry C. McCormick (1844-1902), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|17|17: Charles R. Buckalew (1821-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|18|18: Louis E. Atkinson (1841-1910), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|19|19: Levi Maish (1837-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|20|20: Edward Scull (1818-1900), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|21|21: Samuel A. Craig (1839-1920), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|22|22: John Dalzell (1845-1927), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|23|23: Thomas M. Bayne (1836-1894), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|24|24: Joseph W. Ray (1849-1928), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|25|25: Charles C. Townsend (1841-1910), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|26|26: William C. Culbertson (1825-1906), "Republican"
*ushr|Pennsylvania|27|27: Lewis F. Watson (1819-1890), "Republican" ...died in office August 25 1890.
*: Charles W. Stone (1843-1912), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1890.
*ushr|Pennsylvania|28|28: James Kerr (1851-1908), "Democratic"

Rhode Island

*1: Nelson W. Aldrich (1841-1915), "Republican"
*2: Jonathan Chace (1829-1917), "Republican" ...resigned April 9 1889.
*: Nathan F. Dixon, III (1847-1897), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 2 1889.:House of Representatives "(2 seats)"
*ushr|Rhode Island|1|1: Henry J. Spooner (1839-1918), "Republican"
*ushr|Rhode Island|2|2: Warren O. Arnold (1839-1910), "Republican"

outh Carolina

*2: Matthew C. Butler (1836-1909), "Democratic"
*3: Wade Hampton, III (1818-1902), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(7 seats)"
*ushr|South Carolina|1|1: Samuel Dibble (1837-1913), "Democratic"
*ushr|South Carolina|2|2: George D. Tillman (1826-1902), "Democratic"
*ushr|South Carolina|3|3: James S. Cothran (1830-1897), "Democratic"
*ushr|South Carolina|4|4: William H. Perry (1839-1902), "Democratic"
*ushr|South Carolina|5|5: John J. Hemphill (1849-1912), "Democratic"
*ushr|South Carolina|6|6: George W. Dargan (1841-1898), "Democratic"
*ushr|South Carolina|7|7: William Elliott (1838-1907), "Democratic" …contested election, served until September 23 1890.
*: Thomas E. Miller (1849-1938), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated September 24 1890.

outh Dakota

*3: Gideon C. Moody (1832-1904), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.
*2: Richard F. Pettigrew (1848-1926), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.:House of Representatives "(2 seats)" [ Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.]
*ushr|South Dakota|AL|A/L: Oscar S. Gifford (1842-1913), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.
*ushr|South Dakota|AL|A/L: John A. Pickler (1844-1910), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.


*2: Isham G. Harris (1818-1897), "Democratic"
*1: William B. Bate (1826-1905), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(10 seats)"
*ushr|Tennessee|1|1: Alfred A. Taylor (1848-1931), "Republican"
*ushr|Tennessee|2|2: Leonidas C. Houk (1836-1891), "Republican"
*ushr|Tennessee|3|3: H. Clay Evans (1843-1921), "Republican"
*ushr|Tennessee|4|4: Benton McMillin (1845-1933), "Democratic"
*ushr|Tennessee|5|5: James D. Richardson (1843-1914), "Democratic"
*ushr|Tennessee|6|6: Joseph E. Washington (1851-1915), "Democratic"
*ushr|Tennessee|7|7: Washington C. Whitthorne (1825-1891), "Democratic"
*ushr|Tennessee|8|8: Benjamin A. Enloe (1848-1922), "Democratic"
*ushr|Tennessee|9|9: Rice A. Pierce (1848-1936), "Democratic"
*ushr|Tennessee|10|10: James Phelan, Jr. (1856-1891), "Democratic" ...died in office January 30 1891.


*2: Richard Coke (1829-1897), "Democratic"
*1: John H. Reagan (1818-1905), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(11 seats)"
*ushr|Texas|1|1: Charles Stewart (1836-1895), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|2|2: William H. Martin (1823-1898), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|3|3: Constantine B. Kilgore (1835-1897), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|4|4: David B. Culberson (1830-1900), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|5|5: Silas Hare (1827-1907), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|6|6: Joseph Abbott (1840-1908), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|7|7: William H. Crain (1848-1896), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|8|8: Littleton W. Moore (1835-1911), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|9|9: Roger Q. Mills (1832-1911), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|10|10: Joseph D. Sayers (1841-1929), "Democratic"
*ushr|Texas|11|11: Samuel W. T. Lanham (1846-1908), "Democratic"


*1: George F. Edmunds (1828-1919), "Republican"
*3: Justin S. Morrill (1810-1898), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(2 seats)"
*ushr|Vermont|1|1: John W. Stewart (1825-1915), "Republican"
*ushr|Vermont|2|2: William W. Grout (1836-1902), "Republican"


*1: John W. Daniel (1842-1910), "Democratic"
*2: John S. Barbour, Jr. (1820-1892), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(10 seats)"
*ushr|Virginia|1|1: Thomas H. B. Browne (1844-1892), "Republican"
*ushr|Virginia|2|2: George E. Bowden (1852-1908), "Republican"
*ushr|Virginia|3|3: George D. Wise (1831-1898), "Democratic" ...contested election, served until April 10 1890.
*: Edmund Waddill, Jr. (1855-1931), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated April 12 1890.
*ushr|Virginia|4|4: Edward C. Venable (1853-1908), "Democratic" …contested election, served until September 23 1890.
*: John M. Langston (1829-1897), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated September 23 1890.
*ushr|Virginia|5|5: Posey G. Lester (1850-1929), "Democratic"
*ushr|Virginia|6|6: Paul C. Edmunds (1836-1899), "Democratic"
*ushr|Virginia|7|7: Charles T. O'Ferrall (1840-1905), "Democratic"
*ushr|Virginia|8|8: William H. F. Lee (1837-1891), "Democratic"
*ushr|Virginia|9|9: John A. Buchanan (1843-1921), "Democratic"
*ushr|Virginia|10|10: Henry St. George Tucker (1853-1932), "Democratic"


*1: John B. Allen (1845-1903), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.
*3: Watson C. Squire (1838-1926), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.:House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Washington|AL|A/L: John L. Wilson (1850-1912), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 2 1889.

West Virginia

*2: John E. Kenna (1848-1893), "Democratic"
*1: Charles J. Faulkner (1847-1929), "Democratic" :House of Representatives "(4 seats)"
*ushr|West Virginia|1|1: John O. Pendleton (1851-1916), "Democratic" …contested election, served until February 26 1890.
*: George W. Atkinson (1845-1925), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated February 26 1890.
*ushr|West Virginia|2|2: William L. Wilson (1843-1900), "Democratic"
*ushr|West Virginia|3|3: John D. Alderson (1854-1910), "Democratic"
*ushr|West Virginia|4|4: James M. Jackson (1825-1901), "Democratic" …contested election, served until February 3 1890.
*: Charles B. Smith (1844-1899), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated February 3 1890.


*1: Philetus Sawyer (1816-1900), "Republican"
*3: John C. Spooner (1843-1919), "Republican" :House of Representatives "(9 seats)"
*ushr|Wisconsin|1|1: Lucien B. Caswell (1827-1919), "Republican"
*ushr|Wisconsin|2|2: Charles Barwig (1837-1912), "Democratic"
*ushr|Wisconsin|3|3: Robert M. La Follette (1855-1925), "Republican"
*ushr|Wisconsin|4|4: Isaac W. Van Schaick (1817-1901), "Republican"
*ushr|Wisconsin|5|5: George H. Brickner (1834-1904), "Democratic"
*ushr|Wisconsin|6|6: Charles B. Clark (1844-1891), "Republican"
*ushr|Wisconsin|7|7: Ormsby B. Thomas (1832-1904), "Republican"
*ushr|Wisconsin|8|8: Nils P. Haugen (1849-1931), "Republican"
*ushr|Wisconsin|9|9: Myron H. McCord (1840-1908), "Republican"


*2: Joseph M. Carey (1845-1924), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 1 1890.
*1: Francis E. Warren (1844-1929), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 1 1890.:House of Representatives "(1 seat)"
*ushr|Wyoming|AL|A/L: Clarence D. Clark (1851-1930), "Republican" ...newly admitted state, seated December 1 1890.


:Arizona Territory
*ushr|Arizona|AL|A/L: Marcus A. Smith (1851-1924), "Democratic" :Dakota Territory
*ushr|Dakota|AL|A/L: George A. Mathews (1852-1941), "Republican" ...admitted as a two states November 2 1889. :Idaho Territory
*ushr|Idaho|AL|A/L: Fred T. Dubois (1851-1930), "Republican" ...admitted as a state July 3 1889. :Montana Territory
*ushr|Montana|AL|A/L: Thomas H. Carter (1854-1911), "Republican" ...admitted as a state November 8 1889. :New Mexico Territory
*ushr|New Mexico|AL|A/L: Antonio Joseph (1846-1910), "Democratic" :Oklahoma Territory
*ushr|Oklahoma|AL|A/L: David A. Harvey (1845-1916), "Republican" ...elected to fill vacancy, seated December 1 1890. :Utah Territory
*ushr|Utah|AL|A/L: John T. Caine (1829-1911), "Democratic" :Washington Territory
*ushr|Washington|AL|A/L: John B. Allen (1845-1903), "Republican" ...admitted as a state November 11 1889. :Wyoming Territory
*ushr|Wyoming|AL|A/L: Joseph M. Carey (1845-1924), "Republican" ...admitted as a state July 10 1890.



*cite book|title = The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress|last = Martis|first = Kenneth C.|authorlink =|coauthors =|year = 1989|publisher = Macmillan Publishing Company|location = New York|id =
*cite book|title = The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts|last = Martis|first = Kenneth C.|authorlink =|coauthors =|year = 1982|publisher = Macmillan Publishing Company|location = New York|id =

External links

* [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/cdocuments/hd108-222/index.html Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress]
* [http://clerk.house.gov/art_history/house_history/index.html U.S. House of Representatives: House History]
* [http://www.senate.gov/pagelayout/reference/two_column_table/stats_and_lists.htm U.S. Senate: Statistics and Lists]

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