- Asiatic linsang
name = Asiatic linsangsMSW3 Wozencraft | id=14000367]
subfamilia = Prionodontinae
subfamilia_authority = Pocock, 1933
genus = "Prionodon"
genus_authority = Horsfield, 1822
subdivision_ranks = Species
Prionodon pardicolor"The Asiatic linsangs are two species classified in the mammalian subfamily Prionodontinae, in the family Viverridae. There is one Southeast Asian genus, "Prionodon".
linsanggenera ("Prionodon" and the African "Poiana") formerly were placed in the subfamily Viverrinae(of Viverridae), along with several other genera, but recent research suggests that their actual relationships may be somewhat different. The linsangs are remarkable for their morphological resemblance to cats, family Felidae, which is greater than in the other viverrids. As the relationship between linsangs and cats was thought to be rather distant (the two groups belonging to different families within the superfamily Feliformia), this was considered an example of convergent evolution. However, DNA analysis indicates that while the African linsangs ("Poiana") are true viverrids closely related to the genets, the Asiatic linsangs ("Prionodon") are not and may instead be the closest living relatives of the Felidaefamily. [http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/mvpsg/pdf/Biblio/Gaubert_Veron_2003.pdf] The similarities between Asiatic linsangs and cats are thus more likely to be due to common ancestry, while the similarities between the two genera of linsangs must be convergent.
The name "linsang" is from Javanese "linsang" or "wlinsang", which used to be wrongly translated as "
otter" in English dictionaries. Linsangs are nocturnal, generally solitary tree dwellers. They are carnivorous, eating squirrels and other rodents, small birds, lizards and insects. Typical size is a little over 30cm (1 foot), with a tail that more than doubles that length. Bodies are long, with short legs, giving a low appearance. All species have yellowish bodies with black markings (stripes, blotches and spots), though the distribution and nature of the markings varies between species.
The species of Asiatic linsang are:
*"Prionodon linsang" -
*"Prionodon pardicolor" -
* [http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/prionodon/p._linsang Prionodon linsang]
*cite journal | author = Gaubert, P., & Veron, G. | year = 2003 | title = Exhaustive sample set among Viverridae reveals the sister-group of felids: the linsangs as a case of extreme morphological convergence within Feliformia | journal = Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B, 270 | pages = 2523 | volume = 270 | doi = 10.1098/rspb.2003.2521
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