- Philippine Basketball Association
Infobox Sports league
current_season=2008-09 PBA Philippine Cup
caption=PBA logo, depicting Johnny Abbarrietos.
fame=The oldest professional basketball league in Asia and Second oldest in the world
motto="Laban ng mga Bida." (Battle of the Heroes)
TV=C/S Sports on RPN(C/S 9) and Basketball TV
San Miguel Beermen(17)
Sta. Lucia Realtors(Philippine) and Barangay Ginebra Kings(Fiesta)
website= [http://www.pba.com.ph PBA.com.ph] The Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) is a
professional basketballleague in the Philippinesfounded in 1975. It is the first and the oldest professional basketball league in Asia. The league's rules are a hybrid of FIBA's and the National Basketball Association's rules.
The league is currently headed by Commissioner
The Philippine Basketball Association was founded as a "rebellion" of several teams from the now-defunct
Manila Industrial and Commercial Athletic Associationwhich was tightly controlled by the Basketball Association of the Philippines(now defunct), the then- FIBArecognized national association. Nine teams from the MICAA participated in the league's first season that opened in April 9, 1975.
The league's first 10 years was known for the intense rivalry of the
Crispa Redmanizersand the Toyota Tamaraws that is still considered as one of the greatest rivalry in league history with big names such as Robert Jaworski, Ramon Fernandez, Francis Arnaiz, Atoy Co, Bogs Adornado, and Philip Cezarto name a few playing for those squads, before both teams disbanded in 1983 and 1984.
Following their disbandment, the league moved from the
Araneta Coliseumto ULTRA in Pasig City. There, the league continued to be popular despite several remnants of Toyota and Crispa players suiting up for different teams.
During the mid to late 80's, Jaworski and Ginebra San Miguel became the league's most popular squad for its "never say die" attitude and had intense rivalries with the
Tanduay Rhum Mastersof Jaworski's then-arch rival Fernandez, and later the expansion Purefoods Corporation of Alvin Patrimonio, Jerry Codinera, Jojo Lastimosaand Fernandez.
By the end of the 1980's, San Miguel Beer won numerous championships that included the 1989 Grandslam under coach
Norman Blackand former national team stars Samboy Limand Hector Calma.
In 1990, the league sent its first all-pro squad to the
Asian Gamesfinishing a silver medal to China. The PBA would later sent three more all-pro squads in the said event.
The early 90's saw the Ginebra and Shell forming an intense rivalry that included Ginebra's walkout in 1990 finals against Shell and the team's dramatic comeback from a 3-1 deficit to beat Shell in the 1991 Open Conference while Patrimonio,
Allan Caidic, and a host of others became the league's main attraction.
By 1993, the league move to the
Cuneta Astrodomein Pasay City and later saw the Alaska Milkmen win the 1996 grandslam and nine titles in the decade.
From 1999-2000, the PBA suffered a controversy after several expatriate cagers arrived on the scene (such as
Asi Taulava, Danny Seigleand Eric Menk) and their lineage were questionable with most of the them deported for falsifying documents.
The arrival of dozens of these players was a counter to the fledging
Metropolitan Basketball Association, a regional-based pro league formed in 1998. But, the said league eventually folded as expenses and ABS-CBN's abandonment in 2001 led to their demise a year later.
Despite the MBA's disbandment, and the arrival of those players to the PBA, attendance went sour and turned from bad to worst after a huge decline in 2003.
However, the league was able to gain some popularity by 2004, thanks in large part to Barangay Ginebra's run through three PBA championships led by Menk and
Mark Caguioa, other marketing aspects and arrival of collegiate stars from the UAAPand the NCAA.
By 2005 the league became active in the national team role under
Chot Reyeseven when FIBA lifted the suspension of the country following the formation of the BAP-Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinasdespite a ninth place finish in the 2007 FIBA Asia Championship.
From 1975-2003, a season was usually composed of three conferences (tournaments). From the 1993 season, the conferences were named All Filipino, Commissioner's and Governors Cups, usually ending in a best-of-7 Finals series match wherein the winner takes the Conference Cup. If the same team wins all of the conferences, the team is said to be the "Grand Slam" champion. A draft was held on January.
In 2004, then-commissioner
Noli Ealaintroduced drastic changes to the season calendar. He reduced the number of conferences from three to two and changed the start of the season from February to October, so that the league can accommodate international tournaments that were frequently held from June to September. Another reason for the change in schedule was the popularity of college hoops, the NCAA and the UAAP, whose basketball season runs from June to October each year.
The first tournament is the Philippine Cup, which is held from October to February the following year, where only locals are allowed to play. The second tournament is the Fiesta Conference, held from March to July, teams are allowed to field one foreign player called an "". The Philippine Cup is identical to the All-Filipino Conference of the previous seasons. The rookie draft is now usually held every August.
All franchises are owned by corporations, and are not based on a geographic locale, therefore they do not play in a "home stadium" and the league "per se" rents the different stadiums in which the teams play.
A team's name is often divided into three parts; the first is the company name, then the product (can be omitted or merged with the next part), and a nickname - usually connected to the business of the company. For example, the
San Miguel Beermenis a team owned by San Miguel Corporation, with the "beermen" nickname denoting the San Miguel Beer product.
The company name rarely changes - it can only change if the franchise is sold or if the mother company transfers the operations of the franchise into another subsidiary. The product name and the nickname often changes, as companies would maximize the publicity the league gives to its products.
Defunct and guest teams
The most prominent defunct teams are the
Crispa Redmanizersand the Toyota Super Corollas.
Among guest teams, most notable was the American Nicholas Stoodley team that won the 1980 Invitational Conference.
The PBA has a hybrid of
# A game consists of four 12-minute quarters, the NBA standard.
# The three-point line's distance is 20 feet, 6 inches, the FIBA standard. The line was previously 22 feet away from the basket.
# The "key" is a trapezoid, the FIBA standard. It was previously the NBA standard rectangular key.
Zone defenses are allowed, the FIBA standard, although illegal defensewas implemented before.
# A team enters the penalty situation after the fifth foul in a quarter, each successive foul thereafter entitles the fouled player two free-throw attempts. However, in the last two minutes of regulation, both teams are only allowed one foul to give considering the team is not yet in penalty. Team fouls and penalty situations carry over in overtime periods whenever applicable.
# Newcomers enter the league via a draft.
# Only Filipinos are allowed to play, non-Filipinos can play as "imports", and only on certain conferences. Currently the Fiesta Conference limits imports of one per team, with no height limit; two teams with the worst records after the Philippine Cup eliminations receive an import of unlimited height and another with a height limit of 6'1".The PBA has also different rules:
# If the time left in the game clock is .2 of a second or less, it is automatically shut down and the quarter ends.
# In the league, there is a foul called an advantage foul, This is called when an a player is fouled by an opposing player while in a fastbreak situation. The opposing player fouls another player without going for the ball. Then the opposing players team will be given two freethrows and will regain the ball.
* Leopoldo Prieto (1975-1983)
* Reynaldo Marquez (1992-1993)
* Emilio Bernardino, Jr. (1993-2002)
* Jose Emmanuel Eala (2003-2007)
* Renauld Barrios (2008-present, officer-in-charge from 2007-08) [ [http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/sectionfront.aspx?CategoryId=5 www.abs-cbnnews.com, Sonny Barios named new PBA commish] ] [ [http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=106637 www.abs-cbnnews.com,Barrios named PBA commish] ]
Most of the league's present star players are also members of Philippine national team. Within a 30-year historical period, Filipino basketball fans have seen the likes of
Samboy Lim, Allan Caidic, Hector Calma, Ramon Fernandez, Robert Jaworski, Alvin Patrimonio, Vergel Meneses, Johnny Abarrientos and Danny Ildefonsotake centerstage. Ramon Fernandez and Alvin Patrimonio are prominent names, as they are the only players to win four Most Valuable Player (MVP) awards.
On the other hand, Vergel Meneses is the only player to win four All-Star MVP awards while Danny Ildefonso is the only player to have won five
Philippine Basketball Association Best Player of the Conference Awards.
The league awards the MVP award since 1975 and the Rookie of the Year award since 1976. s are handed out at the end of the season; the Best Player and Best Import of the Conference awards are handed out at the end of the conferences.
San Miguel Beermencurrently is the winningest team, with 17 championships followed by Alaska Aceswith 12 crowns. Among disbanded teams, the Crispa Redmanizershave the most championships, with 13, while rival Toyota Super Corollasended with nine.
Sta. Lucia Realtorswon the 2007-08 PBA Philippine Cup, their 2nd championship, while the Barangay Ginebra Kingswon the 2008 PBA Fiesta Conference, their 8th championship.
PBA Records and Clubs
There are all time records written in
Philippine Basketball Association recordsand there are clubs a player can accomplished such as PBA 2,000 Assists Club, 15,000 Point Club, PBA 10,000 Point Club, PBA 5,000 point club, PBA 500 Three-Point Club.
Team encounters are a natural phenomenon in the PBA, and this sometimes results in soaring ticket sales.Fact|date=November 2007 The most famous matchup was the
Crispa-Toyota rivalryof the 1970s.Fact|date=November 2007 Fans faithfully supported their favorite squads, and had appeared in the multitudes at the Araneta Coliseum, or wherever the archrivals had met. In those days, the players were very passionate. On one occasion, they had engaged in a major brawl. Players from both clubs were arrested and detained for one night in jail.Fact|date=November 2007
Other famous contests include:Fact|date=November 2007
* Crispa vs Great Taste
* Ginebra vs Purefoods (late-1980s rivalry, both are now sister teams)
* Añejo/Ginebra vs Shell (early-1990s rivalry)
* Purefoods vs. San Miguel (1990s All-Filipino Conference rivalry)
* Purefoods vs. Alaska (1990s All-Filipino Conference rivalry)
* Añejo vs San Miguel (late-1980s rivalry, the "sister team" rivalry)
* Ginebra/Gordon's Gin vs Alaska (late-1990s rivalry)
* Alaska vs San Miguel (late-90's to the early millenium rivalry)
* Red Bull vs. the San Miguel franchises (Barangay Ginebra, Magnolia and Purefoods)
* Air21 Express vs. Talk 'N Text
* Barangay Ginebra vs. Talk 'N Text
* Barangay Ginebra vs. Rain or Shine Elastopainters
The PBA had been covered by television, as well as other media since its opening day. Their current TV and radio partners are the
Radio Philippines Networkand Sports Radio 918 respectively. Their former radio partner was DZRH 666.The PBA can also be watched worldwide through The Filipino Channel, which will be replaced by GMA Pinoy TV. [ [http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/?page=sports6_jan25_2008 Pro loop awards rights to Pinoy TV] , Manila Standard-Today.]
PBA on KBS(1975;1977)
PBA on BBC(1976)
PBA on GTV/MBS(1978-1981)
PBA on Vintage Sports(1982-1999)
PBA on Viva TV(2000-2002)
PBA on NBN/IBC(2003)
PBA on ABC(2004-August 8, 2008)
**PBA on TV5 (August 10, 2008 - August 20, 2008; renamed from PBA on ABC after ABC rebranded itself as "TV5.")
PBA on C/S9(2008- 2010)
A majority of elimination round games are held in the
Araneta Coliseum, the Philippines' largest indoor arena. When the Araneta Coliseum was unavailable, Cuneta Astrodomeat Pasay City(both at Metro Manila), Ynares Centerin Antipolo Cityand the newly opened Ynares Sports Arenain Pasig Cityare minority of elimination round games are held. Playoff games are exclusively held at venues in Metro Manila, most especially the Araneta Coliseum.
Provincial games are held on selected locations throughout the country, with most of the games held on a Thursday or a Saturday. Very rarely does a playoff game is held outside Metro Manila, if at all.
All-Star games, on the other hand, are currently rotated between
Luzonand Visayas/ Mindanao. Metro Manilalast hosted the all-star game on 2003; Baguio Cityand La Unionjointly co-hosted the all-star weekend for 2007. Bacolod Cityhosted the 2008 edition which ran from April 24-27, 2008.
Four games had been held overseas: one each at
Jakarta, Indonesia; Hong Kong, China; Guam; and Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Recently, the league is in a planning stages to build a
PBA Coliseumthat is rumored either to be located in North EDSA in Quezon Cityor at the reclamation area beside the SM Mall of Asiain Pasay City.
Conference 1=Philippine Cup
Conference 2=Fiesta Conference
List of sports attendance figures- the PBA in a global context.
* [http://www.pba.ph Official website]
* [http://store.pba.ph PBA Store - Official]
* [http://www.mypba.com MYPBA.com]
* [http://pba-online.net PBA-Online!]
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