- Duke of Burgundy
Duke of Burgundy (Fr.: duc de Bourgogne) was a title borne by the rulers of the Duchy of Burgundy, a small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Bald's kingdom of West Franks. Todays th title is used by the House of Bourbon as a revived courtesy title.
List of Dukes of Burgundy
Bosonid dynasty (880-956)
The first margrave (marchio), later duke (dux), of Burgundy was Richard of the House of Ardennes, whose duchy was created from the merging of several regional counties of the kingdom of Provence which had belonged to his brother Boso.
His descendants and their relatives by marriage ruled the duchy until its annexation over a century later by the French crown, their suzerain.
- Richard the Justiciar (880–921)
- Rudolph (921–923), then King of France
- Hugh the Black (923–952)
- Gilbert (952–956)
Robertian dynasty (956-1004)
House of Capet (1004-1032)
In 1004, Burgundy was annexed by the king, of the House of Capet. Otto William continued to rule what would come to be called the Free County of Burgundy. His descendants formed another House of Ivrea.
- Robert (1004–1016) (also king of France as Robert II)
- Henry (1016–1032) (also king of France as Henry I)
House of Burgundy (1032–1361)
Arms Name Birth Became Duke Ruled until Death Notes Robert I the Old
(Robert Ier le Vieux)
1011 1032 21 March 1076 Younger son of Robert II of France. Hugh I
1057 21 March 1076 1079 29 August 1093 Eldest son of Henry of Burgundy, grandson of Robert I. Abdicated in favour of his younger brother, Odo. Odo I Borel the Red
(Eudes Ier Borel le Roux)
1058 1079 23 March 1103 Younger brother of Hugh I. Hugh II
1084 23 March 1103 1143 Son of Odo I Odo II
1118 1143 27 June/27 September 1162 Eldest son of Hugh II Hugh III
1142 27 June/27 September 1162 25 August 1192 Eldest son of Odo II Odo III
1166 25 August 1192 6 July 1218 Eldest son of Hugh III Hugh IV
9 March 1213 6 July 1218 27 October 1271 Eldest son of Odo III Robert II
1248 27 October 1271 21 March 1306 Eldest surviving son of Hugh IV. Hugh V
1282 21 March 1306 9 May 1315 Eldest son of Robert II. Odo IV
1295 9 May 1315 3 April 1350 Younger brother of Hugh V. Philip I of Rouvres
(Philippe Ier de Rouvres)
1346 3 April 1350 21 November 1361 Grandson of Odo IV. Arms Name Birth Became Duke Ruled until Death Notes
House of Valois-Burgundy (1361–1482)
Picture Name Birth Became Duke Ruled until Death Notes Arms John I the Good
(Jean Ier le Bon)
16 April 1319 28 December 1361 6 September 1363 8 April 1364 Also John II of France. Successfully claimed the Duchy as the nearest heir in proximity of blood to Philip I. Philip II the Bold
(Philippe II le Hardi)
15 January 1342 6 September 1363 27 April 1404 Youngest son of John the Good John II the Fearless
(Jean II sans Peur)
28 May 1371 27 April 1404 10 September 1419 Eldest son of Philip the Bold Philip III the Good
(Philippe III le Bon)
31 July 1396 10 September 1419 15 June 1467 Eldest son of John the Fearless Charles I the Bold
(Charles Ier le Téméraire)
21 November 1433 15 June 1467 5 January 1477 Eldest son of Philip the Good Mary the Rich 13 February 1457 5 January 1477 27 March 1482 Only child of Charles the Bold Picture Name Birth Became Duke Ruled until Death Notes Arms
House of Habsburg (1482–1700)
In 1477, the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy was annexed by France. In the same year, Mary married Maximilian, Archduke of Austria, giving the Habsburgs control of the remainder of the Burgundian Inheritance.
Although the territory of the Duchy of Burgundy itself remained in the hands of France, the Habsburgs remained in control of the title of Duke of Burgundy and the other parts of the Burgundian inheritance, notably the Low Countries and the Free County of Burgundy in the Holy Roman Empire. They often used the term Burgundy to refer to it (e.g. in the name of the Imperial Circle it was grouped into), until the late 18th century, when the Austrian Netherlands were lost to French Republic. The Habsburgs also continued to claim Burgundy proper until the Treaty of Cambrai in 1529, when they surrendered their claim in exchange for French recognition of Imperial sovereignty over Flanders and Artois.
- Maximilian I (1477–1482 with his wife; regent 1482–1494)
- Philip IV the Handsome (German: Philipp der Schöne; French: Philippe le Bel), titular Duke of Burgundy as Philip IV (1482–1506)
- Charles II (Emperor Charles V and King Charles I of Spain) 1506–1555
Picture Name Birth Became Duke Ruled until Death Notes Arms Philip IV the Handsome
(Philippe IV le Bel)
22 July 1478 22 February 1482 25 September 1506 Eldest son of Duchess Mary by Maximilian of Habsburg Charles II 24 February 1500 25 September 1506 16 January 1556 21 September 1558 Eldest son of Philip the Handsome. Also Charles I of Aragon and Castile, and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V Picture Name Birth Became Duke Ruled until Death Notes Arms
- Philip V (King Philip II of Spain) 1556–1598
- Philip VI (King Philip III of Spain) 1598–1621
- Philip VII (King Philip IV of Spain) 1621–1665
- Charles III (King Charles II of Spain) 1665–1700
House of Bourbon, claimants of the title (1700-1713)
The title was briefly claimed by king Philip V of Spain (Philip VIII) of the House of Bourbon between 1700–1713 when the succession of the Spanish throne was disputed between the Houses of Habsburg and Bourbon.
At the same time, various members of the French royal family, most notably Louis, Dauphin of France, the father of Louis XV of France, also used the title.
House of Habsburg (1713–1795)
- Charles IV (Emperor Charles VI) 1713–1740
- Maria Theresa 1740–1780
- Francis I (Emperor Francis I) (1740–1765 with his wife.)
- Joseph (Emperor Joseph II) 1780–1790
- Leopold (Emperor Leopold II) 1790–1792
- Francis II (Emperor Francis II) 1792–1795
House of Bourbon, revived title in contemporary tradition (1975-present)
- King Juan Carlos I of Spain (1975-present) - the title is one of the titles of the Spanish Crown
- Prince Louis of Bourbon (2010-present) - the title is used by eldest son of the legitimist claimant to the French throne Louis Alphonse, Duke of Anjou.
- Duchess of Burgundy
- Kingdom of Burgundy
- King of Burgundy
- Duchy of Burgundy
- County of Burgundy
- Count of Burgundy
- Dukes of Burgundy family tree
- Calmette, Joseph. Doreen Weightman, trans. The Golden Age of Burgundy; the Magnificent Dukes and Their Courts. New York: W.W. Norton, 1962.
- Chaumé, Maurice. Les Origines du Duché de Bourgogne. 2v. in 4 parts. Dijon: Jobard, 1925 (Darmstadt: npub, 1977).
- Michael, Nicholas. Armies of Medieval Burgundy 1364–1477. London: Osprey, 1983. ISBN 0-85045-518-9.
- Vaughan, Richard. Valois Burgundy. London: Allen Lane, 1975. ISBN 0-7139-0924-2.
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