Coal India Limited

Coal India Limited
Coal India Limited (CIL)
Type State-owned enterprise
Traded as BSE533278
Industry Coal & Lignite
Founded 1975
Headquarters 10 Netaji Subhas Road, Kolkata, India
Area served India
Key people N C Jha
(Chairman & MD)
Products Coal
Revenue increase INR60,245 crore (US$12.22 billion) (2010-11)[1]
Profit increase INR10,867 crore (US$2.2 billion) (2010-11)[1]
Employees 383,347 (April 2011)[1]

Coal India Limited (CIL) (BSE533278, NSECOALINDIA) is an Indian state-controlled coal company headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal, India and the world's largest coal miner with revenue exceeding INR60,245 Crore (FY2010-11).[2][3] It was formerly owned entirely by the Union Government of India, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Coal. It is involved in coal mining and production industry. In April 2011, CIL was conferred the Maharatna status by the Union Government of India [4]

In 2010, CIL's initial public offering (IPO) got subscribed 15.28 times, collecting a record over Rs 2,40,000 crore (Rs 2,400 billion) – the highest IPO subscription so far.[5] On the first day of its listing on the Sensex, its stock closed 40% higher than IPO price.[6]



Coal India Limited was formed in 1973 as Coal Mines Authority Limited. In 1975 it was changed to Coal India Limited as a holding company with five subsidiaries:

  • Bharat Coking Coal Limited (BCCL)(Dhanbad, Jharkhand)
  • Central Coalfields Limited (CCL)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)
  • Western Coalfields Limited (WCL)(Nagpur region)
  • Eastern Coalfields Limited (ECL)(Sanctoria, Asansol, West Bengal)
  • Central Mine Planning and Design Institute Limited (CMPDIL)(Ranchi, Jharkhand)

In 1985 two more subsidiaries were added:

In 1992 one more subsidiary added:

  • Mahanadi Coalfields Limited (MCL) (Sambalpur)

One International Subsidiary

  • Coal India Africana Limitada (CIAL) (Mozambique)

Two indirect subsidiaries (held through our subsidiary, Mahanadi Coalfields Limited)

  • MJSJ Coal Limited
  • MNH Shakti Limited

The Indian Institute of Coal Management (IICM) at Ranchi operates under Coal India Limited and imparts multi disciplinary management development programs executives. ho

Reviving of abandoned mines

Coal India Ltd (CIL), will extract coal from 18 abandoned underground mines owned by three of its subsidiaries in partnership with private players. Underground mining would be revived in 6 abandoned mines of Eastern Coalfields, 8 mines of Bharat Coking Coal, and 4 mines of Central Coalfields. These 18 mines have an approximate reserve of 1.647 billion tonnes of coal.[7]

CIL contributes around 85% of coal production in India. It is the largest company in the world in terms of coal production. It employs nearly 397,000 person and is the largest corporate employer in the country. It is one of the largest companies in the country, with turnover being around Rs. 386.31 billion in 2007-08. It is one of the largest tax payer (Corporate Tax INR35.75 billion (US$725.01 million)) in 2007-08 and has paid Dividend of INR17.054 billion (US$345.86 million) to the Govt. of India in 2007-08.

See also


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