John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter

John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter

John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter KG (18 March 1395 – 5 August 1447) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.


He was the second son of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter and Elizabeth Plantagenet. His maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster.

He was thus a half-nephew of Richard II of England, a nephew of Henry IV, and a first cousin of Henry V.

Life account

Holland was just a boy when his father conspired against Henry IV and was attainted and executed. Nevertheless, he was given a chance to serve Henry V in the 1415 campaign in France, where he distinguished himself at Agincourt.

The next year Holland was restored in blood and to his father's earldom of Huntingdon, and was made a Knight of the Garter. (His older brother Richard had died in 1400.)

Over the next five years he held various important commands with the English forces in France, until he was captured by the French in 1421 at the Battle of Baugé. He spent four years in captivity, not being released until 1425.

On March 6, 1427, he married Lady Anne Stafford (d. September 20, 1432), daughter of Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford. By her he had one child:
* Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter (1430–1475)

He married secondly Beatrice of Portugal on January 20, 1433; then finally, he married Anne Montagu (d. November 28, 1457), daughter of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury.

By his third marriage he also had one child:
* Anne Holland (d. December 26, 1486, married first Sir John Neville (d. 1450), son of Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, the marriage unconsummated; married second John Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby; married third James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas

In 1435 he was appointed admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine, and in 1439 he was made the king's lieutenant in Aquitaine, and later governor of Aquitaine.

Holland recovered his father's dukedom of Exeter in 1439, and was given precedence just below the Duke of York. He was succeeded as duke by his son Henry.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter — (c. 1352 ndash; January 16, 1400), also Earl of Huntingdon, was an English nobleman, primarily remembered for helping cause the downfall of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester and then for conspiring against Henry IV.He was the third son… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter — (June 27,1430 ndash; September 1475) was a Lancastrian leader during the English Wars of the Roses. He was the only son of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter and his first wife Lady Anne Stafford. His maternal grandparents were Edmund Stafford, 5th …   Wikipedia

  • John Holland — is the name of several notable persons in history:* John L. Holland is a psychologist who developed the RIASEC model (or Holland Codes) for career development [http://www.self directed] * John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (1352?… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Exeter — The title Duke of Exeter was created several times in England in the later Middle Ages, when Exeter was the main town of Devon. It was first created for John Holland, the half brother of King Richard II in 1397. That title was rescinded upon… …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Exeter's daughter — The Duke of Exeter s daughter was a torture rack in the Tower of London. Its presence is said to have been due to John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter, the constable of the Tower in 1447, whence it got its name. Blackstone wrote in c. 1765… …   Wikipedia

  • John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough — Duke of Marlborough and John Churchill redirect here. For subsequent dukes, see Duke of Marlborough (title). For others of this name, see John Churchill (disambiguation). His Grace The Duke of Marlborough KG, PC …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey — (1374 January 7, 1400), also 3rd Earl of Kent.He was the son of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan. His maternal grandparents were Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. He was also nephew of Richard II… …   Wikipedia

  • John Neville, 1st Baron Neville de Raby — (c. 1410 ndash; 29 March 1461), was an English nobleman and soldier.The younger son of Sir John Neville, Lord Neville and Elizabeth Holland. Sometime after 1451, he married Anne Holland, daughter of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter and his nephew …   Wikipedia

  • John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster — This article is about the historical figure John of Gaunt. For places and organisations named after him, see John O Gaunt. John of Gaunt Duke of Lancaster; Duke of Aquitaine Successor …   Wikipedia

  • Holland (surname) — Architecture and engineering* Clifford Milburn Holland, designer of the Holland Tunnel * Henry Holland, 18th century Georgian architect * John Philip Holland, Irish submarine designerFilm, theatre and television* Agnieszka Holland, Polish film… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”