Calandra Lark
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Melanocorypha
F. Boie, 1828

M. calandra
M. bimaculata
M. maxima
M. mongolica
M. leucoptera
M. yeltoniensis

Melanocorypha is a small genus of birds in the lark family. Its members mainly occur in temperate Asia from Turkey through Central Asia to China, but the Calandra Lark also has an extensive European distribution around the Mediterranean

These larks are mostly partially migratory, moving relatively short distances from the coldest parts of their ranges. Several species are very rare vagrants to western Europe.

These are birds of open cultivation, steppe or semi-desert. They nest on the ground and the young are precocial. The food is seeds supplemented with insects especially in the breeding season. They are gregarious outside the breeding season.

Melanocorypha larks are large, robust birds, 16.5–20 cm long with strong thick bills. Some have the typically undistinguished lark plumage, mainly streaked greyish-brown above and white below, but the, Black and White-winged Larks have distinctive male plumages. Several species have large black patches on the breast sides.

In flight they show broad wings and a shortish tail. The songs of most species are like that of the Skylark.

Species in taxonomic order


Simms, Eric (author), Arlott, Norman (illustrator) Larks, Pipits and Wagtails(Collins New Naturalist, 1992) ISBN 0002198711

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  • Melanocorypha — Kalanderlerche (Melanocorypha calandra) vorne Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melanocorypha — Alouettes du genre Melanocorypha …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Melanocorypha —   Melanocorypha …   Wikipedia Español

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  • Melanocorypha — stepiniai vieversiai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Melanocorypha rus. степной жаворонок, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – vieversiniai siauresnis terminas – baltasparnis stepinis vieversys siauresnis terminas – dvidėmis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Melanocorypha calandra — Alouette calandre Alouette calandre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Melanocorypha calandra —   Calandria común …   Wikipedia Español

  • Melanocorypha leucoptera —   Melanocorypha leucoptera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Melanocorypha calandra — Kalanderlerche Kalanderlerche (Melanocorypha calandra) vorne Systematik Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melanocorypha bimaculata — Bergkalanderlerche Systematik Klasse: Vögel (Aves) Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes) Unterordnung: Singvögel (Passeri) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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