Batman (comic book)

Batman (comic book)

Infobox comic book title
title=Batman


caption=Cover of "Batman" #1 (Spring 1940)
schedule=Monthly, with one bi-weekly and bi-monthly runs.
format=
ongoing=y
publisher=DC Comics
date=Spring 1940 - Present
issues=679 + 1 Million and 0 issues
Superhero=y
main_ [char_team=Batman
writers=Current:
Grant Morrison
artists=Tony Daniel
pencillers=
inkers=
letterers=
colorists=
creative_team_month=
creative_team_year=
"creators="Bob Kane and Bill Finger
TPB=
ISBN=]
subcat=Batman
sort=Batman

"Batman" is an ongoing comic book series featuring the DC Comics hero of the same name. The character first appeared in "Detective Comics" #27, published in May 1939. Batman proved to be so popular that a self-titled ongoing comic book series began publication in the spring of 1940. It was first advertised in early April 1940, one month after the first appearance of his new sidekick, Robin, the Boy Wonder.

Though the "Batman" comic book was initially launched as a quarterly publication, it later became a bi-monthly series through the late 1950s, after which it became a monthly publication and has remained so since. [However, there allegedly came a time in 1964 when DC's then-editorial director Irwin Donenfeld gave Julius Schwartz and Carmine Infantino a deadline of six months to turn the then-flagging comic around, or it would be cancelled. Jettisoning such miscellaneous characters as Bat-Mite and Ace the Bat-Hound in favour of Aunt Harriet (the symbolic figure designed to combat Wertham-led claims of implied homosexuality), Batman gained his famous yellow chest symbol and moved from operating during the day to truly being a creature of the night. See: Ro, Ronin. "Tales to Astonish: Jack Kirby, Stan Lee and the American Comic Book Revolution", p. 89-90 (Bloomsbury, 2004)] As of August 13, 2008, the series has reached issue #679.

Premise

The Batman saga takes place in Gotham City, a city overrun with crime and corruption. Its citizens live in perpetual fear from the vast number of costumed criminals, gangs and common thugs. In an effort to combat the aforementioned villains, Batman preys upon their fear. Secretly, the Batman is billionaire philanthropist Bruce Wayne, a young socialite who witnessed his parents' murder during a mugging at the age of 8. Batman utilizes his keen analytical mind and sophisticated technology and gadgetry as well as outstanding physical agility, power and stamina to ensure that criminals never feel safe in Gotham. In the eyes of the public, the Batman is believed to be something more than human: an indeterminable black specter that represents terror. This allows him to become an iconic urban legend, which in turn allows him to do things an ordinary man cannot.

Maturity of content

The first stories appearing in the Batman comic were written by Bill Finger and illustrated by Bob Kane, though Finger went uncredited for years thereafter. These early stories depicted a vengeful Batman, not hesitant to kill when he saw it as a necessary sacrifice. In one of the early stories, he is depicted using a gun to stop a group of giant assailants. The Joker, a psychopath who is notorious for using a special toxin that kills and mutilates his victims, remains one of the most prolific and notorious Batman villains created in this time period. During the period in 1940s and 50s when comic books began reflecting the patriotic views of Americans who supported the Allied efforts in World War II, the Joker was changed from cold-blooded murderer to playful trickster. Later, during the Silver Age, this type of super-villain changed from disturbing psychological assaults to the use of amusing gimmicks.

Typically, the primary challenges that the Batman faced in this era were derived from villains who were purely evil; however, by the 1970s, the motivations of these characters, including obsessive compulsion, child abuse and environmental fanaticism, were being explored more thoroughly. Batman himself also underwent a transformation and became a much less one-dimensional character, struggling with deeply rooted internal conflicts. Although not canonical, Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns introduced a significant evolution of the Batman's character in his eponymous series; he became uncompromising and relentless in his struggle to revitalize Gotham. The Batman often exhibited behavior that Gotham's elite labeled as excessively violent as well as antisocial tendencies. Miller portrayed him with an anti-heroic and near villainous characterization. This aspect of the Batman's personality was also toned down considerably in the wake of the DC-wide crossover "Infinite Crisis", wherein Batman experienced a nervous breakdown and reconsidered his philosophy and approaches to his relationships. Currently, the Batman's attributes and personality are said to have been greatly influenced by the traditional characterization by Dennis O'Neil and Neal Adams' portrayals during the 1970s.

Numbering & annuals

Issue number issues

* In 1994 #0 was released as part of the post-Zero Hour Zero Month (falling between #511 & 512).
* The issue with a cover date of November 1998 was "#1,000,000" (falling between #559 & 560) part of the DC One Million crossover.

Annuals

Over the years 26 annuals have been released in association with the Batman title, though not consistently, trends in Comic Book annuals usually lead to them either being published or overlooked on any given year, an example being the gap between the late nineties annuals and the early/late 2000s.

ignificant issues

Important Arcs

* "": #404 - 407.
* "": #426 - 429
* " Batman: A Lonely Place of Dying" #440 - 442
* "" #491 - 510
* " Batman: Prodigal" #512 - 514
* " " #563 - 574
* "": #608 - 619
* "Batman and Son" #655 - 658
* "Batman R.I.P." #676 - 681

Crossovers

* Legends: #401
* Knightfall: #492-500
* KnightQuest: #501-508
* Knight's End: #509-510
* Zero Hour: #511.
* Prodigal: #512-514
* Troika: #515
* Contagion: #529
* Legacy: #533-534
* Cataclysm: #553-554
* Aftershock: 555-559
* No Man's Land: #563-574
* Officer Down: #587
* War Games: #631-633
* War Crimes: #643-644
* Face the Face: #651-654
* The Resurrection of Ra's Al Ghul: #670-671

First historical appearances

Collections

Batman only

* Batman: The Dark Knight Archives (Five Volumes) Collects issues from #1 (1940) - #20 (1943).
* : Collects #404 - 407.
* : Collects #417 - 420.
* : Collects #426 - 429.
* Batman: Many Deaths of Batman: Collects #433 - 435.
* (Two Volumes and an Absolute Edition): Collects #608 - 619.
* Batman: Broken City: Collects #620 - 625.
* : Collects #626 - 630.
* (Two Volumes): Collects #635 - 641, 645 - 650 and Batman Annual #25.
* Batman and Son: Collects #655 - 658, 663 - 666.
* Batman: The Black Glove: Collects #667 - 669, 672 - 675.

Batman (collected with Detective Comics)

* Batman Chronicles (Six Volumes): includes #1-11 (1940-1943).
* Batman: The Dynamic Duo Archives (Two Volumes): collects #164 (1964) - #171 (1965)
* Showcase Presents: Batman (Three volumes): collects #164 (1964) - #201 (1967).

Batman-wide crossovers

" [These are crossovers that include most - if not all - of the Batman related titles published at the times.] "

* (Three Volumes): includes #491 - 500, 509 - 510.
* : includes #512 - 514.
* & : includes #529, 534 - 535.
* & : includes #553 - 554, 563 - 569, 572 - 574.
* Batman: Officer Down: includes #587.
* Batman: Bruce Wayne, Murderer? & Batman: Bruce Wayne, Fugitive: include #599 - 600, 603, 605.
* & : includes #631 - 633, 643 - 644.
*: includes "Batman" #651 - 654, in addition to "Detective Comics" #817-820.
*: includes "Batman" #670-671.

With non-Batman titles

* A Lonely Place of Dying: collects #440 - 442 with The New Titans #60 - 61.

References

External links

* [http://www.dccomics.com/ DC Comics official site]
* [http://tplist.millarworld.net/index.html The Trade Paperback list] ------


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Batman (comic book) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Batman (homonymie). Batman est un comic book publiée par DC Comics depuis 1940. Suite au succès du personnage, DC Comics décide de lui consacrer son propre magazine. Sommaire 1 Premières apparitions importantes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comic book collecting — is a hobby that treats comic books and related items as collectibles or artwork to be sought after and preserved. Though considerably more recent than the collecting of postage stamps (philately) or books (bibliophilia), it has a major following… …   Wikipedia

  • Comic book — A comic book or comicbook[1] (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a funny book, comic paper, or comic magazine) is a magazine made up of comics, narrative artwork in the form of separate panels that represent ind …   Wikipedia

  • Comic-book — Comic Comic signifie aussi comique en anglais. Comic est le terme généralement utilisé aux États Unis pour désigner une bande dessinée. La bande dessinée ayant eu du mal à se faire reconnaître comme un art à part entière, le terme a une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comic Book Resources — Screenshot of CBR main page, 5/21/2008 URL Comic Book Resources.com Type of zine comic book Avai …   Wikipedia

  • Comic book original art — refers to the original production pieces used to make comic books. Most typically, these are 11x17 bristol boards with the pencils and inking done by the comic book artist or artists, but there is a wide variation in the type of material. Comic… …   Wikipedia

  • Comic Book: The Movie — Directed by Mark Hamill Produced by Mark Hamill Jess Harnell Narrated by Billy West Starring Mark H …   Wikipedia

  • Comic Book Hall of Fame — Will Eisner Award Les Will Eisner Awards (ou Eisner Awards) sont des prix qui récompensent les meilleurs bandes dessinées américaines. Ils ont été créés en 1988 suite à l interruption des Kirby Awards. Les Eisner sont décernés par les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comic book death — This article is about the deaths of characters in comic books. For the personification of death in comic books, see Death (comics). Cover to Uncanny X Men #136 (August 1980, art by John Byrne), the penultimate issue of the Dark Phoenix saga. Jean …   Wikipedia

  • Comic Book Superheroes Unmasked — Filmdaten Originaltitel Comic Book Superheroes Unmasked Produktionsland USA …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”