- Ilocos Sur
Infobox Philippine province
name = Ilocos Sur
sealfile = Ph_seal_ilocos_sur.png
Ilocos Region(Region I)
pop2000 = 594,206
pop2000rank = 41st largest
popden2000 = 230
popden2000rank = 34th highest
areakm2 = 2,579.6
arearank = 27th smallest
hucities = 0
componentcities = 2
municipalities = 32
barangays = 768
districts = 2
languages = Ilocano
governor = Deogracias Victor B. Savellano (
locatormapfile = Ph_locator_map_ilocos_sur.png
Ilocos Sur is a province of the
Philippineslocated in the Ilocos Regionin Luzon. Its capital is Vigan Cityand borders Ilocos Norteand Abra to the north, Mountain Provinceto the east, and La Unionand Benguetto the south. To the west of Ilocos Sur is the South China Sea.
Ilocos Sur is subdivided into 32 municipalities and 2 cities.
*Gregorio del Pilar-7
Ilocos Sur is located along the western coast of Northern Luzon. It is bounded by Ilocos Norte on the north, Abra on the northeast, Mountain Province on the east, Benguet on the southeast, La Union on the south, and the China Sea on the west. Its area of 2,579.58 square kilometers occupies about 20.11% of the total land area of Region 1.
The topography of Ilocos Sur is undulating to rolling with elevations ranging from 10 to 1,700 meters above sea level.
Ilocos Sur was founded by the Spanish
conquistador, Juan de Salcedoin 1572. It was formed when the north (now Ilocos Norte) split from the south (Ilocos Sur). At that time it included parts of Abraand the upper half of present-day La Union. The current boundary of the province was permanently defined by virtue of RA 2973, signed in March 1917.
In December 2, 1899, the
Battle of Tirad Passhappened, where the gallant General Gregorio del Pilarand 60 brave Filipino defenders died covering the escape of General Emilio Aguinaldofrom the Americans.
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces occupied in Ilocos Sur.
In January 8, 1944, we started of fought the battles of entered in the province of Ilocos Sur that the suspend of antagonism between of the Allied
Philippine Commonwealthtroops against the Japanese Imperial forces that the blaze of invasion of the Battle for the South East of Ilocos Sur.
In 1945, beginning from the liberation in Ilocos Sur founded of declaration to the Filipino & American soldiers and Ilocano guerrillas against the Japanese Imperial forces during the
Second World War. It included the bloody Battle of Bessang Pass in June 14, 1945.
The 1970s were dark periods for the province as armed men known as the "saka-saka" (
Ilocano, literally "bare-footed") terrorized the province; and this reign of terror resulted in the famous burning of the barangays of Ora East and Ora Centro in the municipality of Bantay. These dark days ended with the rise of Luis "Chavit" Singson to the governor's seat.
People and culture
In the 330 pages “The
IlocosHeritage” (the 27th book written by Visitacion de la Torre), the Ilocano legacyand the life of the Ilocano – are described as - "the browbeaten, industrious, cheerful, simple soul who has shown a remarkable strain of bravery and a bit of wanderlust." The Ilocano history reveals his struggles and victories – in battles for colonial independence from Spain and America, to Philippine leadership. The new Ilocano searched for greener pastures towards new lands local and foreign - Palawan, Mindanao, Hawaii, the United Statesand Greece. The Ilocano material culture and spirituality can be seen in the past - images of Spanish santo (saints), antique but intricate wooden furniture and quality local fiber. The native Ilocano is a weaver, wood carverand potteryexpert. The Ilocano cuisine– ranges from the exotic "abu-os" ( ant eggs) to vegetable broth "dinengdeng," the sticky "tinubong" to the "puki-puki" ( eggplantsalad). Ilocandia is filled with colonial churches, the legacy of Spanish Catholicism. [ [http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20080924-162501/The-rich-treasures-of-Ilocandia newsinfo.inquirer.net, The rich treasures of Ilocandia] ]
- Heritage City of
Vigan- inscribed in the UNESCOWorld Heritage List, because it houses the most intact example of a Spanish colonial town in Asia. Other spots include pottery making and other forms of cottage industries. It also has hotels built in the "bahay na bato" ("stone house") style. Also located in the city is the residence of Father Jose Burgos, which is open to the public; and the Syquia Mansion, which is the Vigan residence of former President Elpidio Quirino.
- Beaches - most notable Ilocos Sur beaches include those in Cabangtalan (in Sinait, also known as Imelda's Cove), Pug-os (in Cabugao); and the towns of Santa, Santa Maria, Santiago, San Esteban, and Candon.
- Churches - most notable of these churches include the Vigan Cathedral (which is the seat of the Archdiocese of Nueva Segovia, and where the remains of the Ilocano poet
Leona Florentinois interred), Santa Maria Church (which is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list), and Sinait Church (which houses the miraculous Statue of the Black Nazarene).
- Nature Spots - Scenic spots include the Banaoang River in Bantay (an extension of the Abra River), Pinsal Falls in Santa Maria, and Pikkang Falls in San Juan.
* [http://www.santa.gov.ph/ilocossur/index.asp/ Official Website of Ilocos Sur]
* [http://www.santa.gov.ph/ilocossur/tourism/indextourism.asp/ Ilocos Sur Tourism]
* [http://www.karitoon.com karitoon.com - Northern Luzon Online Community ]
* [http://www.karitoon.com your portal to "HOMETOWN NEWS" of Ilocos Sur]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.