- Type 205 submarine
Type 205 submarine U-1 (S180)
Class overview Builders: Howaldtswerke, Kiel
Copenhagen Naval Dockyard
Operators: German Navy
Royal Danish Navy
Preceded by: Type 201 submarine Succeeded by: Type 206 submarine In commission: 1967–2005 Completed: 13 Laid up: 1 Retired: 9 Preserved: 3 General characteristics Type: Submarine Displacement: 450 long tons (457 t) surfaced
500 long tons (508 t) submerged
Length: 43.9 m (144 ft) Beam: 4.6 m (15 ft 1 in) Draft: 4.3 m (14 ft 1 in) Propulsion: 2 × 600 hp (450 kW) Mercedes-Benz 4-stroke V12 diesel engines each coupled to a BBC generator
1 × 1,000 kW (1,300 hp) SSW electric motor
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
17 knots (31 km/h; 20 mph) submerged
Range: 4,200 nmi (7,800 km) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h) surfaced
228 nmi (422 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 100 m (330 ft) Complement: 4 officers, 18 enlisted Armament: • 8 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes
• Torpedoes and naval mines
The Type 205 was a class of diesel-electric German hunter-killer U-boat submarines. They were single-hull vessels optimized for the use in the shallow Baltic Sea. The Type 205 is a direct evolution of the Type 201 class with lengthened hull, new machinery and sensors. The biggest difference though is that ST-52 steel is used for the pressure hull since the Type 201's non-magnetic steel proved to be problematic. Type 206, the follow-on class, finally succeeded with non-magnetic steel hulls.
The Type 205 was in service with the Royal Danish Navy until 2004, in which it was known as Narhvalen class. The Danish boats differed slightly from the German ones to meet special Danish demands.
List of boats
Submarines built for the Bundesmarine: Pennant
Fate S180 Technikmuseum Speyer S189 Wilhelmshaven S190 Burgstaaken, Fehmarn S191 Kongelige Dansk Marine: S320 Narhvalen September 10, 1968 February 27, 1970 October 16, 2003 scrapped S321 Nordkaperen December 18, 1969 December 22, 1970 February 2, 2004 scrapped
These last two boats were built by the Howaldtswerke, in Denmark at The Naval Dockyard, Copenhagen.
- U-1 and U-2 were originally built as Type 201 submarines with pressure hulls made of non-magnetic steel, but were rebuilt as Type 205 with new pressure hulls out of normal steel after corrosion problems and small cracks were detected.
- U-1 was given back to Nordseewerke and was used to test an experimental closed-cycle diesel air-independent propulsion system before being scrapped
- U-11 was transformed to a Type 205A double-hulled boat (the outer hull filled with polystyrene foam to make it unsinkable) and used as torpedo target
- U-12 was used for sonar trials as Type 205B
Type 205 submarine
- Submarines of the Narhvalen class - Danish Naval History
German NavyDiesel-electric submarine classes of German origin after World War IIShip classes of the German Navy Destroyers Frigates and corvettes Fast Attack Craft Mine warfare Submarines
XXI Wilhem Bauer · 201 · 205B · 206A · 212A
- Submarine classes
- Type 205 submarines
- German submarine stubs
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