Pulsed rocket motor

Pulsed rocket motor

A pulsed rocket motor is typically defined as a multiple pulse solid propellant rocket motor. This design overcomes the limitation of solid propellant motors that they cannot be easily stopped and reignitied. The pulse rocket motor allows the motor to be burned in segments (or pulses) that burn until completion of that segment. The next segment (or pulse) can be ignited on command by either an onboard algorithm or in pre-planned phase. All of the segments are contained in a single rocket motor case as opposed to staged rocket motors. [Jensen, G.E, & Netzer D.W. Tactical Missile Propulsion, AIAAProgress in Astronautics and Aeronautics Volume 170 1996]

The pulsed rocket motor is made by pouring each segment of propellant separately. Between each segment is a that prevents the other segments from burning until ignited. At ignition of a second pulse the burning of the propellant generally destroys the barrier.

The benefit of the pulse rocket motor is that by the command ignition of the subsequent pulses, near optimal energy management of the propellant burn can be accomplished. Each pulse can have different thrust level, burn time, and achieved specific impulse depending on the type of propellant used, its burn rate, its grain design, and the current nozzle throat diameter. [Phillips, C.A, "Energy Management for a Multiple Pulse Missile", AIAA Paper 88-0334, Jan., 1988]

The Chinese have begun deployment of a two-pulse air-to-air missile the PL-12. [Aviation Week and Space Technology May7/14, 2007 p40-41] .

The proper method to design a high performance rocket motor is covered under Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act.


ee also

*Pulse jet engine – a very simple jet engine which used ignited "pulses" of gas or atomized fuel for propulsion.
*Nuclear pulse propulsion

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