- Almagro, Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires Barrio
barrio = Almagro
area = 4.1
population = 138,942 (2001)
density = 33,966
comuna = C5
*Federación de Box
Almagro is a mostly middle-class barrio (neighbourhood) of
The neighbourhood is delimited by La Plata and Río de Janeiro streets to the west, Independencia avenue to the south, Sánchez de Bustamante, Sánchez de Loria and Gallo streets to the east, and Córdoba/Estado de Israel avenues to the north.
Almagro features strong commercial activity along its avenues, and has a high population density due to the many high-rise buildings erected along the railway line. The sectional government of the 6th circuit, which includes Almagro and
Boedo, is located on Díaz Vélez avenue opposite "Centenario" park.
In the 18th century, what is now the western part of Almagro belonged to Portuguese merchant Carlos de los Santos Valente and then to his estate. The eastern and northern sections were in the possession of Spaniard Juan María de Almagro y de la Torre, a barrister. The Argentine revolutionary government confiscated Almagro's lands, only to return them to him in 1820. Both Santos Valente and Almagro managed agricultural establishments, and did not favor any kind of
During the 19th century, most of the neighbourhood was occupied by
dairyfarms and brick factories. Almagro and Caballito were located on the road between Buenos Aires and the city of Flores. In 1880, Almagro was officially incorporated into the Federal district.
The neighbourhood came into its own around 1900, following the erection of the San Carlos parish church in 1878, the introduction of the tramway, and the massive immigration (Almagro was settled mostly by Basques and Italians).
Rapid urbanization brought about the "conventillos" (immigrant hotels). The assimilation of immigrants into the local culture was quick, and Almagro became the birthplace of many famous tangos. Due to its proximity to the
Abastomarket, singer Carlos Gardelwas a frequent visitor, and in 1930 he recorded a tango named "Almagro".
Many Almagro institutions became relevant in the Buenos Aires landscape:
* The Pio IX school was attended by Gardel, by
Ceferino Namuncuráand by future president Arturo Illia.
* The "Las Violetas" coffee house, opened in 1884, was a renowned meeting-place. Closed down in 1998 and reopened in 2001, it preserves the glamour of its golden days.
* The Argentine Boxing Federation hall on Castro Barros street was the venue of many important matches.
* The Mariano Moreno and Mariano Acosta schools were noted for their high educational standardsIn the 1950s, the Buenos Aires campus of the
Universidad Tecnológica Nacional(National Technological University) was built on Lavalle and Medrano streets. To accommodate the growing number of students, the faculty of Humanities("Filosofía y Letras") of Buenos Aires Universitywas relocated to Puán street during the 1980s.
"Hospital Italiano" on Gascón street is one of the main private hospitals in the city. The city's Dentistry Hospital is located on Muñiz street. There is also a Library for blind people on the intersection of Lezica and Medrano.
Although many music and dance venues cater to all tastes, Almagro is a stronghold of tango. During his last years, composer and bandleader
Osvaldo Puglieserelocated to Almagro and oversaw the creation of the "Casa del Tango" (Tango House) complex on "Guardia Vieja" street.
Among Almagro's residents of note were boxer
Luis Angel Firpo, poet Alfonsina Storni, and physician and politician Juan B. Justo.
Westbound traffic is served by Independencia, Rivadavia, and Córdoba/Estado de Israel avenues.
Eastbound traffic is served by Corrientes, Díaz Vélez, and Belgrano avenues.
There are no major north-south avenues, even though Medrano, Salguero and Boedo streets carry heavy traffic.
The westbound "Sarmiento" train line crosses Almagro but does not stop within the limits of the neighbourhood.
Important bus lines are the 19, 90, and 160.
The neighbourhood was the birthplace of
San Lorenzo de Almagro, which relocated to Boedo. The remaining major institution, Club Almagrohas its facilities on Medrano street. Its football (soccer)team was relegated from first division in 2005.
The flower market at Acuña de Figeroa street is very active. Nearby "Plaza Almagro" park on Sarmiento street features a popular playground and a book fair on Sundays.
Parque Centenario, located a little beyond the western edge of Almagro, features an arts-and-crafts and antiques fair on Sundays, and is occasionally used as a concert venue.
September 28is Almagro Day, marked by celebrations across the main points of the "barrio".
* [http://www.info-almagro.com.ar everything on Almagro history and present] (Spanish)
* [http://www.buenosairesantiguo.com.ar/barrioalmagro/index.htm Old Buenos Aires] (Spanish)
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