Common galaxias

Common galaxias
Common galaxias
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Osmeriformes
Family: Galaxiidae
Subfamily: Galaxiinae
Genus: Galaxias
Species: G. maculatus
Binomial name
Galaxias maculatus
(Jenyns, 1842)
Synonyms

Mesites maculatus Jenyns, 1842

The common galaxias or the inanga (Galaxias maculatus), is a species of fish from the galaxiid family that is very widespread in the southern hemisphere. It is a slim narrow fish with a forked tail and as an adult it lives in freshwater rivers and lakes. Common galaxias grows to a length of 40 to 120 mm, but can grow up to 180 mm. The English vernacular names used for the species also include cowfish, jollytail, common jollytail, eel gudgeon, lananga, native trout, pulangi, slippery tarki, spotted minnow and whitebait.

Contents

Distribution and habitat

Common galaxias are one of the most widely distributed freshwater fish in the world and can be found around throughout New Zealand; in coastal streams in south eastern Australia, Tasmania and some parts of south west Western Australia; in Chile (From 35°S to 55S°), Patagonia, Argentina; in the Falkland Islands; and, in some Pacific Islands such as New Caledonia.

Adults are mainly found in still or slow moving water in the lower parts of coastal streams and rivers, or around the edges of lakes and lagoons. They are often found in schools that are not very large. They can tolerate a wide range of natural conditions.

Life history

Unless within a lake which is landlocked, the common galaxias spawns downstream in rivers and streams amongst vegetation on the banks of the estuary regions during a spring tide mainly in autumn. The eggs remain on the bank (out of the water) until the next spring tide when they hatch into larvae which are swept out to the ocean. For the next 5–6 months the larvae live in the sea and develop into juvenile fish, often referred to as whitebait. When they are about 30 mm in length and 3–4 mm in width they swim up a river on the incoming tide until they reach a suitable habitat where they develop into the adult form. As adults they eat insects, crustaceans, and molluscs. In other words they share the diet of introduced trout. Indeed introduced trout are a major threat to these fish and in areas where introduced Trout has become naturalised galaxias are scarce. Introduced Trout not only compete for food but also readily eat this species. Common galaxias, therefore, are mostly found in stretches of streams and rivers that are not suitable for introduced trout.

This species lives for about twelve months and usually dies after spawning.

In New Zealand, Deretrema philippae (=Limnoderetrema minutum) is known to parasitize the intestine (and possibly gall bladder) of the common galaxias. Similarly, the intestinal parasite Steganoderma szidati has been reported from this species' Argentinian population. These are digenean flatworms (Etchegoin et al. 2002).

Fishing

The juveniles are caught as whitebait while moving upstream and are much valued as a delicacy leading to their protection with licensing and controlled fishing seasons in order to preserve adult populations. Fishing may be both for recreational and commercial activity depending on the geographic location and size of the populations.

Some jurisdictions permit fishing of the adults but again under regulation or licence in order to preserve the adult population but others ban it altogether unless the fisher belongs to an indigenous people (e.g., New Zealand Māori). For instance, in Tasmania, the adult common galaxias may only be caught using a pole of a specified maximum size (one metre).

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • common galaxias — /kɒmən gəˈlæksiəs/ (say komuhn guh lakseeuhs) noun (plural common galaxias) a slim freshwater fish with a forked tail, Galaxias maculatus, widely distributed throughout Australia, New Zealand, southern South America, and some Pacific Islands;… …  

  • common galaxias — dėmėtasis galaksijas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Galaxias maculatus angl. common galaxias; inanga rus. пятнистая галаксия ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji galaksijai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Galaxias — Taxobox name = Galaxias image width = 240px image caption = A mountain galaxias from south east Australia. regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata subphylum = Vertebrata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Osmeriformes familia = Galaxiidae subfamilia =… …   Wikipedia

  • galaxias — /gəˈlæksiəs/ (say guh lakseeuhs) noun (plural galaxias) any of various fish of the Galaxias genus which comprises some twenty six species of Australian marine and freshwater fish, as the common galaxias and the spotted galaxias. {New Latin… …  

  • Galaxias maculatus — dėmėtasis galaksijas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Galaxias maculatus angl. common galaxias; inanga rus. пятнистая галаксия ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji galaksijai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Common river galaxias — Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum …   Wikipedia

  • Climbing galaxias — Galaxias brevipinnis Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Actinopterygii …   Wikipedia

  • common river galaxias — upinis galaksijas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Galaxias vulgaris angl. common river galaxias rus. обыкновенная речная галаксия ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji galaksijai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Galaxias vulgaris — upinis galaksijas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Galaxias vulgaris angl. common river galaxias rus. обыкновенная речная галаксия ryšiai: platesnis terminas – paprastieji galaksijai …   Žuvų pavadinimų žodynas

  • Spotted galaxias — Taxobox name = Spotted galaxias regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Actinopterygii ordo = Osmeriformes familia = Galaxiidae subfamilia = Galaxiinae genus = Galaxias binomial = Galaxias truttaceus binomial authority = Valenciennes,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”