- Barossa Valley
The Barossa Valley is a major wine-producing region and tourist destination of
South Australia, located 60 km northeast of Adelaide. It is the valley formed by the North Para River, and the Barossa Valley Wayis the main road through the valley, connecting the main towns on the valley floor of Nuriootpa, Tanunda, Rowland Flat and Lyndoch.
The Barossa Valley takes its name from the
Barossa Ranges, which were named by Colonel William Light in 1837. Light chose the name in memory of the British victory over the French in the "Battle of "Barrosa"", in which he fought in 1811. The area is approximately 13 km long by 14 km wide.
The three major towns of the Barossa each have a distinctive personality. Tanunda is generally recognised as the most German of the three with long-standing traditions dating back to the 1840s when the first German settlers arrived in the area. Because many of them came from Prussian Silesia, they called the Barossa "Neu-Schlesien", or "New Silesia". [LeRoy R. Hafen. "Broken Hand". U of Nebraska Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8032-7208-1] The German influence survives to this day ("see
Barossa German"). Angaston, in contrast, is considered the English town as it was settled predominantly by Cornish miners and others from Britain. The third town, Nuriootpa, was influenced by both the German and British settlers, and today is the commercial hub of the Barossa where most of the larger stores are located.
Currently, the Barossa Valley has a population of about 20,000, most of whom live in Tanunda, Nuriootpa, Angaston, Williamstown and Lyndoch, each having over 1000 people, with a few smaller towns such as Moculta and Springton. All of these towns are part of the Barossa local government. Many facilities not available in these towns are usually supplemented in nearby Gawler. In recent years, increased development in the area has seen opposition from the local communities.Fact|date=June 2007
The area is also a Lutheran stronghold with many residents identifying themselves as Lutherans. Some towns have more than one Lutheran church. Tanunda, for example, has Langmeil, [http://users.chariot.net.au/~falland/Tabor Tabor] , St. Paul's and St. Johns. Nuriootpa has St. Petri and Holy Trinity. Angaston has Zion and Salem (Penrice).
Each major town also has a Lutheran primary school. Tanunda has Tanunda Lutheran School, Nuriootpa has Redeemer, and Angaston has Good Shepherd. St. Jakobi, the Lutheran primary school at Lyndoch, hosts the Barossa Airshow annually as its fundraiser
Major Town Populations:
"*Kapunda has been included as it can be considered apart of the Barossa Valley*"
wineindustry plays a major role in the Barossa, being the main source of employment for many residents. The many hectares of vineyardare the most distinctive feature of the area, especially when viewed from the Mengler's Hilllookout positioned on the range of hills that form one side of the valley itself. The success of the wine industry has historically been celebrated every two years (odd numbers) with a week-long Vintage Festival. The festival draws visitors from all over the world and has entertainment for all tastes including a huge street parade, concerts and gourmet dining.
Among the well known wineries located in the Barossa valley are Grant Burge,
Torbreck, Orlando (producers of Jacob's Creek), Kaesler, Penfolds, Peter Lehmann, Wolf Blass, Rockford, Elderton, Glaetzer, Saltram, Yalumbaand Seppelts.
The Barossa Valley is primarily known for its red wine, in particular Shiraz (
Syrah). Normally large proportions of Barossa Shiraz is used in Penfolds Grange(Australia's most famous wine).Fact|date=December 2007 Henschke Hill of Grace is also a Barossa Shiraz. Other main grape varieties grown in the region include Riesling, Semillon, Grenacheand Cabernet Sauvignon. There are also some fortified wines traditionally produced in the region.
The soil in the Barossa Valley varies considerably – from deep sandy soils on the sloping areas to sandy loam and heavy red-brown clay soils on the flats.
This area has winter dominant rainfall with high summer evaporation. It is classified as being warm to moderately continental. Very hot weather in February and March can place stress on the vines at the end of the ripening cycle resulting in concentrated flavours.
Although it is overshadowed by the wine industry, significant food production occurs in the Barossa Valley, [cite web |url=http://www.foodbarossa.com/ |title=Food Barossa |accessdate=2007-12-14] including:
Angas Park Fruit Companywhich produces dried fruitat Angaston
Maggie Beerproduces pate, verjuiceand ice cream
Apex Bakeryin Tanunda is a traditional baker
South Australian food and drink
South Australian wine
* [http://barossa.com Barossa Wine & Tourism]
* [http://www.barossavalley.com.au Barossa Tourism]
* [http://www.barossa.sa.gov.au Official Barossa Council Site]
* [http://www.southaustralia.com/Barossa.aspx SouthAustralia.com Barossa Section - Travel Guides, Accommodation, Online Booking]
* [http://www.wineaustralia.com/australia/Default.aspx?tabid=1000#mapBarossaValley map] and [http://www.wineaustralia.com/Australia/Default.aspx?tabid=721 text] descriptions of the wine region published by the
Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation/ Wine Australia
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