Barossa Valley

Barossa Valley

The Barossa Valley is a major wine-producing region and tourist destination of South Australia, located 60 km northeast of Adelaide. It is the valley formed by the North Para River, and the Barossa Valley Way is the main road through the valley, connecting the main towns on the valley floor of Nuriootpa, Tanunda, Rowland Flat and Lyndoch.


The Barossa Valley takes its name from the Barossa Ranges, which were named by Colonel William Light in 1837. Light chose the name in memory of the British victory over the French in the "Battle of "Barrosa"", in which he fought in 1811. The area is approximately 13 km long by 14 km wide.

The three major towns of the Barossa each have a distinctive personality. Tanunda is generally recognised as the most German of the three with long-standing traditions dating back to the 1840s when the first German settlers arrived in the area. Because many of them came from Prussian Silesia, they called the Barossa "Neu-Schlesien", or "New Silesia". [LeRoy R. Hafen. "Broken Hand". U of Nebraska Press, 1981. ISBN 0-8032-7208-1] The German influence survives to this day ("see Barossa German"). Angaston, in contrast, is considered the English town as it was settled predominantly by Cornish miners and others from Britain. The third town, Nuriootpa, was influenced by both the German and British settlers, and today is the commercial hub of the Barossa where most of the larger stores are located.


Currently, the Barossa Valley has a population of about 20,000, most of whom live in Tanunda, Nuriootpa, Angaston, Williamstown and Lyndoch, each having over 1000 people, with a few smaller towns such as Moculta and Springton. All of these towns are part of the Barossa local government. Many facilities not available in these towns are usually supplemented in nearby Gawler. In recent years, increased development in the area has seen opposition from the local communities.Fact|date=June 2007

The area is also a Lutheran stronghold with many residents identifying themselves as Lutherans. Some towns have more than one Lutheran church. Tanunda, for example, has Langmeil, [ Tabor] , St. Paul's and St. Johns. Nuriootpa has St. Petri and Holy Trinity. Angaston has Zion and Salem (Penrice).

Each major town also has a Lutheran primary school. Tanunda has Tanunda Lutheran School, Nuriootpa has Redeemer, and Angaston has Good Shepherd. St. Jakobi, the Lutheran primary school at Lyndoch, hosts the Barossa Airshow annually as its fundraiser


Major Town Populations:

"*Kapunda has been included as it can be considered apart of the Barossa Valley*"

Wine industry

The wine industry plays a major role in the Barossa, being the main source of employment for many residents. The many hectares of vineyard are the most distinctive feature of the area, especially when viewed from the Mengler's Hill lookout positioned on the range of hills that form one side of the valley itself. The success of the wine industry has historically been celebrated every two years (odd numbers) with a week-long Vintage Festival. The festival draws visitors from all over the world and has entertainment for all tastes including a huge street parade, concerts and gourmet dining.


Among the well known wineries located in the Barossa valley are Grant Burge, Torbreck, Orlando (producers of Jacob's Creek), Kaesler, Penfolds, Peter Lehmann, Wolf Blass, Rockford, Elderton, Glaetzer, Saltram, Yalumba and Seppelts.

Grape Varieties

The Barossa Valley is primarily known for its red wine, in particular Shiraz (Syrah). Normally large proportions of Barossa Shiraz is used in Penfolds Grange (Australia's most famous wine).Fact|date=December 2007 Henschke Hill of Grace is also a Barossa Shiraz. Other main grape varieties grown in the region include Riesling, Semillon, Grenache and Cabernet Sauvignon. There are also some fortified wines traditionally produced in the region.


The soil in the Barossa Valley varies considerably – from deep sandy soils on the sloping areas to sandy loam and heavy red-brown clay soils on the flats.

This area has winter dominant rainfall with high summer evaporation. It is classified as being warm to moderately continental. Very hot weather in February and March can place stress on the vines at the end of the ripening cycle resulting in concentrated flavours.

Food production

Although it is overshadowed by the wine industry, significant food production occurs in the Barossa Valley, [cite web |url= |title=Food Barossa |accessdate=2007-12-14] including:
* Angas Park Fruit Company which produces dried fruit at Angaston
* Maggie Beer produces pate, verjuice and ice cream
* Apex Bakery in Tanunda is a traditional baker

ee also

*Australian wine
*South Australian food and drink
*South Australian wine


External links

* [ Barossa Wine & Tourism]
* [ Barossa Tourism]
* [ Official Barossa Council Site]
* [ Barossa Section - Travel Guides, Accommodation, Online Booking]
* [ map] and [ text] descriptions of the wine region published by the Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation / Wine Australia

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barossa Valley — Basisdaten Bundesstaat South Australia Geografische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barossa Valley —   [bæ rɔsə vælɪ], bedeutendstes australisches Weinbaugebiet (rd. 7 000 ha Rebkulturen); weites, rd. 40 km langes Tal in den Lofty Mountains, 60 km nordöstlich von Adelaide; Besiedlung und Beginn des Weinbaus durch deutsche Einwanderer 1842 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Barossa Valley — ▪ region, Australia  important wine producing region of South Australia, located 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Adelaide in the Mount Lofty Ranges. The valley, drained by the North Para River, is about 19 miles (30 km) long and 5 miles (8 km) wide …   Universalium

  • Barossa Valley — /bərɒsə ˈvæli/ (say buhrosuh valee) noun a grape growing district in SA north east of Adelaide. About 30 km long and 8 km wide. The Barossa Valley lies within the lands traditionally inhabited by the Ngadjuri people. European settlement dates… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Barossa Valley Apartments — (Tanunda,Австралия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 6 Murray St …   Каталог отелей

  • Barossa Valley (Australia) — Hotels: Peppers Hermitage Retreat Barossa Valley (Marananga) …   International hotels

  • Barossa Valley Highway — Infobox Australian Road road name = Barossa Valley Highway route route route photo = H sign post.jpg caption = Famous sign at Jacob s Creek crossing near Rowland Flat on the Barossa Valley Highway length = 34 direction = West East start = Main… …   Wikipedia

  • Barossa Valley Highway — La Barossa Valley Highway. La Barossa Valley Highway (également connue sous le nom de Barossa Valley Way) ( ) est la principale route reliant la plupart des grandes villes de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bethany (Barossa Valley) — Barossa Valley Basisdaten Bundesstaat South Australia Geografische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nuriootpa (Barossa Valley) — Barossa Valley Basisdaten Bundesstaat South Australia Geografische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”