Xuan Dieu

Xuan Dieu
Xuân Diệu
Born Ngô Xuân Diệu
February 2, 1916(1916-02-02)
Bình Định, Vietnam
Died December 18, 1985(1985-12-18) (aged 69)
Hanoi, Vietnam
Occupation Poet
Nationality  Vietnam
Notable work(s) Thơ Thơ
Gửi Hương Cho Gió

Ngô Xuân Diệu (February 2, 1916 – December 18, 1985) more commonly known by the pen name Xuân Diệu, was a prominent Vietnamese poet. A colossal figure in modern Vietnamese literature, he wrote about 450 poems (largely in posthumous manuscripts) especially love poems, several short stories, and many notes, essays, and literary criticisms.



He was born in Gò Bồi, Tùng Giản commune, Tuy Phước District, Bình Định Province, Vietnam (maternal homeland). His father was Ngô Xuân Thọ, a teacher, and his mother was Nguyễn Thị Hiệp. He studied in Qui Nhơn, Huế, and later Hanoi (1938–1940). He obtained a degree in agricultural engineering in 1943 and worked in Mỹ Tho for a while before returning to Hanoi.

In 1943, he joined the Viet Minh and became one of the leading poets writing to promote resistance against the French.

Although well-known for his love poems, he married only briefly before separating from his wife in his youth and died a bachelor. Many people believe that he was homosexual[1] along with his lifelong friend the famous poet Huy Cận,[2] as shown through his many poems about love dedicated to (and apparently addressed to) various men. These poems include "Tình trai" ("Man's Love", about the love affair between the French poets Arthur Rimbaud and Paul Verlaine) and "Em đi" ("You leave", a heartfelt poem dedicated to a younger man with whom the poet shared a house for several years). In his memoirs published in 1993, the writer Tô Hoài confirmed that Xuân Diệu was reprimanded while in the Viet Minh for molesting other men in bed.


Throughout his career, Xuân Diệu had been variously known as a romantic poet, "the greatest poet among the new poets", and "the king of love poems" (he himself gave Hồ Xuân Hương the sobriquet "the Queen of Nôm poetry").

He was a member of the literary movement Tự Lực Văn Đoàn (Self-Reliance Literary Movement) and one of the leaders of the Thơ Mới (New Poetry) movement. Representative works he wrote during this period include: Thơ Thơ (Poetry poem, 1938), Gửi Hương Cho Gió (Perfume Flies with the Wind, 1945), and the short story Phấn Thông Vàng (Golden Pine Pollen, 1939).

His poetry collections Thơ thơ and Gửi hương cho gió are regarded as his masterpieces. They glorify love, life, happiness, and love of life. By that, he also glorified youth, spring, and nature as the cradle for love. He also grieved for the passing of time, the precariousness of life and showed thirst for everlasting life.

His works are often studied by secondary school students in Vietnam. A street in Hanoi is named after him.


  1. ^ Tô Hoài: Don’t expect much from old people. (2007-01-10). VietNamNet Bridge. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.
  2. ^ Famous Vietnamese poet (Huy Cận) dies at 86 (2005-02-20). Thanh Niên News. Retrieved on 2007-04-11.

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Xuân Diêu — (Ngô Xuân Diêu, dit) (1917 1985) poète vietnamien. Animateur du mouvement Poésie nouvelle , il composa des vers inspirés par les poètes français, Ronsard, Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud et Mallarmé, auxquels il intégra les apports des poésies… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Xuân Diệu — Infobox Writer name = Xuân Diệu imagesize = caption = pseudonym = birthname = Ngô Xuân Diệu birthdate = Birth date|1916|2|2 birthplace = Bình Định, Vietnam deathdate = Death date and age|1985|12|18|1916|2|2 deathplace = Hanoi, Vietnam occupation …   Wikipedia

  • Wild Lotus Hotel - Xuan Dieu — (Ханой,Вьетнам) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: 106 Xuan Dieu, Тайхо …   Каталог отелей

  • Hồ Xuân Hương — représentée sur la couverture d un ouvrage de Nguyễn Hữu Tiến Hồ Xuân Hương (1772 1822) (Chữ nho: 胡春香) était une poétesse vietnamienne née à la fin de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hồ Xuân Hương — (Chinesisch: 胡春香; * 1772; † 1822) war eine vietnamesische Dichterin. Sie wurde zum Ende der Späteren Le Dynastie geboren, erlebte den Aufstieg und den Fall der Tây Sơn Dynastie und starb zum Anfang der Nguyễn Dynastie. Sie schrieb ihre Gedichte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hồ Xuân Hương — (1772 1822) (Hán Tự: ) was a Vietnamese poet born at the end of the Lê Dynasty who grew up in an era of political and social turmoil: the time of the Tây Sơn rebellion and the reactionary rule of Nguyễn Ánh. She wrote poetry using the Chữ nôm… …   Wikipedia

  • Bui Thi Xuan — Bùi Thị Xuân (Han tu: 裴氏春, ? 1802) was a Vietnamese general during the Tay Son Rebellion.She was born in Bình Khê District (now Tây Sơn District), Bình Định Province. She learned martial arts as a child, and was reputedly a strong woman. Legend… …   Wikipedia

  • Bùi Thị Xuân — Bui Thi Xuan (écriture chinoise : 裴氏 春,? 1802) une héroïne vietnamienne, général pendant la rébellion de Tay Son. Bui Thi Xuân est née dans l arrondissement de Bình Khê (aujourd hui district de Tay Son), dans la province de Bình Định. Elle a …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Serviteur de Dieu William Gagnon — William Gagnon Le Serviteur de Dieu William Gagnon, né et baptisé le 16 mai 1905 à Dover, New Hampshire, États Unis, de parents canadiens français. Migrant avec sa famille en Nouvelle Angleterre et au Québec, il fut appelé durant sa jeunesse à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Air Mekong — IATA P8 ICAO MKG Callsign MEKONG …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”