Pershyi Natsionalnyi (Ukraine)

Pershyi Natsionalnyi (Ukraine)
First National Channel
Перший національний канал
UTV new logo.png
Launched 20 January, 1965
Owned by Government of Ukraine, National Television Company of Ukraine
Picture format 4:3 (576i, SDTV)
Country  Ukraine
Broadcast area  Ukraine
Headquarters Ukraine Kiev, Ukraine
Website http://www.1tv.com.ua

Pershyi Natsionalnyi (Ukrainian: Перший національний) is the state-run television channel in Ukraine, operated by the National Television Company of Ukraine. It is the only Ukrainian TV channel covering over 97% of Ukraine's territory. Its programs are oriented on all social layers of the Ukrainian society and national minorities. Among priority directions of the network are informative publicism, popular scientific, culturologic, entertaining and sport-oriented On 1 September 2008, the State Television went through a major rebranding that includes logo, idents change and new program openers. The new logo consists of the word "Pershyi" ("First")[1]. UT-1 (short for Ukrayinske Telebachennia - 1) is a traditional professional abbreviation of this channel.

UT plans to acquire public broadcaster status by 2009.[citation needed] The government will lose its direct control over the national network. The Public Television Network will consist of several channels, such as, "First Channel", "Second Channel", "Euronews Ukraine" and "Ukraine and the World".

Contents

Appearances

Ident History

Clocks

Clocks on UT introduced in 1991.

There is only clock is the history. The current clock. (Green background with white clock with logo inside the clock) Used since 1993 until now.

Test card

The testcard UT1 is UEIT introduced in 1996.

Until 2000, The testcard is only broadcast for 2 minutes before startup. With YMCA song

Text on testcard

  • 1996-1997 - KWEB
  • 1997-2001 - TV, (time)
  • 2001-2006 - (time) (date)

Closing and Opening times

"Closing time" is 100%. It will choose the time randomly like 4:40. But it announced in the schedule.

During the Soviet era, Every channel had to close before 4am.

UT1

  • 1965-1986 opens at 11:00. Closes sometimes between 0:00 and 2:30
  • 1986-1988 opens at 9:00. Closes sometimes between 2:30 and 3:30
  • 1988-1992 opens at 8:00. Closes sometimes between 1:00 and 6:00.
  • 1992-1996 opens at 7:00. Closes sometimes between 2:00 and 4:30.
  • 1996-1999 opens at 6:10 and closes sometimes between 2:30 and 5:00.
  • 1999-2006 opens at 5:00 closes sometimes between 2:00 and 4:05.
  • One day in 2006 it opens at 9:00 and never close again. Anthem is played at 5:55 everyday

UT2

  • 1972-1986 opens at 11:30. Closes sometimes between 0:00 and 2:00.
  • 1986-1989 opens at 11:00. Closes sometimes between 23:30 and 1:00
  • 1982-1991 opens at 9:00. Closes sometimes between 23:30 and 4:30
  • 1991-1999 opens at 8:00. closes sometimes between 0:00 and 6:00
  • 1999-2001 opens at 7:25. closes sometimes between 1:30 and 7:15
  • 2001-2004 opens at 7:00. closes sometimes between 2:00 and 7:00

History

The first attempt of broadcasting was accomplished on February 1, 1939 which lasted for 40 minutes. The second attempt was only after some time upon conclusion of World War II, on November 6 and 7, 1951. When the Kievan studio broadcast two shows. The next attempt was conducted on May 1, 1952 when the studio broadcast a concert anchored by Novela Separionova. In 1953 was accomplished the building construction of Kievan telecenter at 26 Khreschatyk. It was the third official telecenter established in the Soviet Union. Although the regular broadcasting was established only since November 1956. Until then the studio was only presenting couple of shows per day.

On 20 January 1965, spectators in some Ukrainian oblasts (regions) could see a screen with two big capital letters "УТ" ("UT") that symbolized the beginning of the united all-republican teleprogram. Its time on air was over 200 hours in 1965. On 6 March 1972, the UT started to go on air on two channels at a time - УТ-1 (UT-1) and УТ-2 (UT-2). In the end of the 1970s the building of the UT on Khreshchatyk was reconstructed and the employees got three new studios, but the question of building a new modern TV-center was raised soon. The construction of the new UT headquarters started in 1983 and was finished in 1993. The new center was built at 42 Melnykov Street and was officially inspected by the President of Ukraine, Leonid Kravchuk.

In 2002 the National Television Company of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Space Agency started to broadcast First National (UT-1) through a satellite abroad. In 2004 the UT-2 channel stopped its broadcasting. UTR started its broadcasting on UT-2's frequency. UT-1 was renamed First Channel. In 2005 Taras Stets'kiv became the president of the National Television Company of Ukraine. First Channel prepared to and held the Eurovision Song Contest 2005 successfully in Kiev. In 2006 Vitaliy Dokalenko was appointed as the president of the National Television Company of Ukraine by former Ukrainian president Viktor Yushchenko. In 2010 Yehor Benkendorf, former chief producer of Inter TV channel, was appointed as the president of the National Television Company of Ukraine by Ukrainian president Viktor Yanukovich.[2]

Logotype

TV channel replace 4 logotypes. Present — 5th on account.

With 1972 by 1997 stand in left upper corner. With 1997 by present time stand in right upper corner.

  • With March 6, 1972 by September 14, 1997 logotype be there with big word «УТ-1» and logotype be there white and semitransparent. Find in left upper corner.
  • With September 13, 1997 by July 10, 2005 logotype be there with white one and transparent vertical line and logotype be there white and semitransparent. Find in right upper corner.
  • With July 11 by December 18, 2005 white one include in ring with white boundary paths and red background. Find there while.
  • With December 19, 2005 by August 31, 2008 white one include in ring with white boundary paths and transparent background and logotype be there white and non-transparent. Find there while.
  • With September 1, 2008 by present time white and transparent logotype, on piss big letters in Ukraine language word «ПЕРШИЙ». Find there while.

Presidents

  • until 1995 (National Television Company of Ukraine - State Tele-Radio Company of Ukraine)
  • June 1, 1995 - August 21, 1996 O.M. Savenko
  • August 21, 1996 - November 18, 1996 Z.V. Kulyk (interim)
  • November 18, 1996 - October 1, 1998 V.K. Leshyk
  • October 5, 1998 - November 17, 1998 M.L. Kniazhytskyi
  • November 17, 1998 - June 21, 1999 Z.V. Kulyk
  • June 21, 1999 - July 15, 1999 O.M. Savenko (interim)
  • July 16, 1999 - November 19, 2001 V.O. Dolhanov
  • November 19, 2001 - March 28, 2003 I.A. Storozhuk
  • March 28, 2003 - February 25, 2005 O.M. Savenko (second term)
  • February 25, 2005 - September 8, 2005 T.S. Stetskiv
  • October 27, 2005 - February 18, 2008 V.V. Dokalenko
  • February 25, 2008 - March 17, 2010 V. Ilaschuk
  • March 17, 2010–present E. Benkendorf

See also

References

External links


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