- Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union
The Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union ( _ru. Телеграфное агентство Советского Союза, "Telegrafnoye agentstvo Sovetskogo Soyuza"), abbr. Tass was the central agency for collection and distribution of internal and international news for all Soviet
newspapers, radioand televisionstations. It had a monopoly on official state information which was delivered in the form of "Tass Report" ( _ru. Сообщение Тасс, "Soobshcheniye Tass").
It was established on
25 July 1925by decree of the Soviet Union Supreme Soviet's presidium. Tass was created from the Russian Telegraph Agency(Rosta), the first state news agency in Soviet Russia.
Since 1971 its status was elevated to that of State Committee at the
Government of the Soviet Union. Tass had affiliates in 14 Union republics (Russian Soviet Republic was covered by Tass itself):
*RATAU ( _ru. РАТАУ,
*BelTA ( _ru. БелТА,
*UzTAG ( _ru. УзТАГ,
*KazTAG ( _ru. КазТАГ,
*Gruzinform ( _ru. Грузинформ,
*Azerinform ( _ru. Азеринформ,
*ElTA ( _ru. ЭльТА,
*ATEM ( _ru. АТЕМ,
*Latinform ( _ru. Латинформ,
Latvian SSR), current LETA
*KyrTAG ( _ru. КирТАГ,
*TajikTA ( _ru. ТаджикТА,
*Armenpress ( _ru. Арменпрес,
*Turkmeninform ( _ru. Туркменинформ,
*ETA ( _ru. ЭТА,
Over the history other affiliated existed, e.g., KarelfinTAG (КарелфинТАГ), or Telegraph Agency of the
TASS had bureaus and reporters in 110 countries, with a daily output equal to 750 newspaper pages, translated into eight (non-Soviet) languages. It had nearly 5000 employees, with about a fifth being journalists.
TASS had the following Main Editorial Boards: Main Editorial Board of Union Information, of Foreign Information, of Socialist Countries, of Information for Foreign Countries, of Photoinformation and Main Directorate of Communications.
In 1992, following the
dissolution of the Soviet Union, it was inherited by the Information Telegraph Agency of Russia- Itar-Tass.
Information Telegraph Agency of Russia
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