- Moscow, Scotland
A view near Moscow.
Moscow shown within East Ayrshire
Population 141 (Census 2001) Language English OS grid reference Council area East Ayrshire Lieutenancy area Ayrshire and Arran Country Scotland Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town Galston Postcode district KA4 Dialling code 01560 Police Strathclyde Fire Strathclyde Ambulance Scottish EU Parliament Scotland UK Parliament Kilmarnock and Loudoun Scottish Parliament Kilmarnock and Loudoun Central Scotland List of places: UK • Scotland •
Moscow is a hamlet in East Ayrshire in Scotland. It is on the A719 road some four miles east of Kilmarnock. The name is thought to be a corruption of 'Moss-hall' or 'Moss-haw' but its spelling was formalised in 1812 to mark Napoleon's retreat from Moscow. A stream called the Volga Burn flows through the village.
Walter Emery of the Kilmarnock Glenfield Ramblers had researched the names Moscow, Volga and Ruschaw in 1933. The Ordnance Survey (OS) notified him that the local residents had authorised the name 'Moscow' and that the name appears on Aitken's 1829 map, the valuation role, the Grougar Estate map, and Johnson's 1828 County map. The Ordnance Survey also referred to a local tradition that the name was derived from the burning of Moscow in Russia in 1812, the first house in Moscow in Ayrshire having been built at about that time. Ayr County Council suggested that "during the Crimean war there were various refugees and prisoners located in the neighbourhood, and it was then that Russian names were given to various places."
Shaw records that "a generation ago Russian prisoners of war were located between Galston and Fenwick, at a place called Moscow".
Locally the land and forest around Cowans Law to the North West is referred to as little Russia.
In the 1980s it was reported a delegation of Russian dignitaries stopped in the village to see the other "Moscow".
As of 2006[update] its population is reported as 118. It is represented in the "Galston West and Hurlford North" ward of East Ayrshire Council.
Recently (2008) a personal airstrip was established in a field near the village for light aircraft.
A Geocache is located near the village, just up the road from the Community Woodland.
The village is referenced in the song "Hayfever" by The Trash Can Sinatras on their album "I've Seen Everything": "Moscow's in Ayrshire, what's the problem?"
- River Irvine - tributaries listed.
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