Min Xu

Min Xu

Min Xu (閔勗) (d. 886), courtesy name Gongjin (公謹),[1] was a warlord late in the Chinese dynasty Tang Dynasty, who controlled a substantial part, as well as Tan Prefecture (潭州, in modern Changsha, Hunan), the capital of Hunan Circuit (湖南), first as its governor (觀察使, Guanchashi) and then as the military governor (Jiedushi), from 882 to 886. He was assassinated in 886.

Background and takeover of Hunan region

Little is known about Min Xu's background, as neither of the official histories of Tang Dynasty (the Book of Tang and the New Book of Tang) contained a biography for him. It is known that he was originally an officer from Jiangxi Circuit (江西, headquartered in modern Nanchang, Jiangxi), whose soldiers were stationed at neighboring Hunan Circuit as of 881. Around the new year 882, when Min's assignment was apparently completed and he was set to return to Jiangxi with his soldiers, he went through Hunan's capital Tan Prefecture. While there, he expelled Hunan's governor Li Yu (李裕) and seized power himself, claiming the title of acting governor.[2]

Rule of Hunan and death

As of summer 882, the imperial government under then-reigning Emperor Xizong must have confirmed Min Xu's takeover, for he was referred to by that point as full governor. After being made governor, he made numerous requests for the post to be upgraded to the more prestigious position of military governor, but the imperial government rejected the overture, believing that granting Min's request would lead to other circuits not yet at military governor status making the requests. However, around the same time, the agrarian rebel leader Zhong Chuan, whom the imperial government had previously tried to enlist into the imperial camp by making him the prefect of Fu Prefecture (撫州, in modern Fuzhou, Jiangxi), had taken over Jiangxi's capital Hong Prefecture (洪州) and expelled Jiangxi's governor Gao Maoqing (高茂卿). The imperial government wanted to put Min and Zhong into conflict with each other, and therefore upgraded Jiangxi to Zhennan Circuit (鎮南) as a military governor post and commissioned Min as the military governor of Zhennan, ordering him to return to Zhennan to expel Zhong. Min, knowing the imperial government's intent, refused to launch his forces.[3]

In fall 883, Emperor Xizong promoted Hunan to the military governor–level Qinhua Circuit and made Min its military governor.[3]

In summer 886, Zhou Yue the prefect of Heng Prefecture (modern Hengyang in Hunan), formally a subordinate of Min's, attacked Tan Prefecture. At that time, Huang Hao (黃皓), one of the generals under Qin Zongquan, who had claimed imperial title at Cai Prefecture (蔡州, in modern Zhumadian, Henan), was in the region. Min, for reasons unclear to history, invited Huang into Tan Prefecture to assist in defending against Zhou's attack. Once Huang entered Tan Prefecture, however, he killed Min and seized control. Zhou, soon thereafter, captured Tan Prefecture and put Huang to death, taking over control of the circuit (which was then renamed Wu'an (武安)).[4]

Notes and references

  1. ^ New Book of Tang, vol. 186.
  2. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 254.
  3. ^ a b Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 255.
  4. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 256.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Min — bezeichnet eine ägyptische Gottheit, siehe Min (Ägyptische Mythologie) 闽 Mǐn, einen historischen Staat im 10. Jh. in der Zeit der Fünf Dynastien und Zehn Reiche auf dem Gebiet der heutigen chinesischen Provinz Fujian, siehe Min Reich 闽 Mǐn, eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Min — may refer to: Min (god), an Egyptian fertility god Min (ship), a modern working copy of an Ancient Egyptian ship of Hatshepsut s time Min (artist), a South Korean celebrity most popularly known as a member of miss A Min (company) Min River… …   Wikipedia

  • Min'yo — Min yō Une femme jouant du shamisen, 1904 Le min yō (民謡, min yō …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Min'yô — Min yō Une femme jouant du shamisen, 1904 Le min yō (民謡, min yō …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MIN — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Min est un dieu égyptien ; Min épouse de Kojong, dernier empereur de Corée. Les langues min sont un groupe de langues chinoises, qui comprend… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Min − ¹ y s − ¹ — min − ¹ o s − ¹ son unidades de medida de frecuencia, es decir, permiten medir la cantidad de ocurrencias de un suceso en una cierta unidad de tiempo, tales como minuto (min.) o segundo (s). Como todos los símbolos (que no son abreviaciones), no… …   Wikipedia Español

  • MIN — (Heb. מִין, pl. מִינִים, minim; heretic, sectarian ). The term min for which no truly convincing etymology has yet been found (see talmudic dictionaries ; G.F. Moore, Judaism, 3 (1930), 68f.; S. Krauss, Griechische und Lateinische Lehnwoerter, 1… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • min — 〈Astron.; Abk. für〉 Minute * * * min: Einheitenzeichen für ↑ Minute. * * * min = Minute. * * * I Min   der, Fluss in China, Min Jiang. II M …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Min. — Min. steht als Abkürzung für: Minute, ein Zeiteinheit Minimum, mehrere Bedeutungen min. steht als Abkürzung für: minimal, siehe Minimum Siehe auch:  Wiktionary: Min. – Bedeutungserklärungen, Wortherkunft, Synonyme, Übersetzungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Min — (fälschlich Chem, Chemmis, Chembis genannt), altägypt. Gottheit, die als Erntegott in Koptos und Achmîm (Chemmis) in Oberägypten verehrt wurde. M. ist seinem Wesen nach dem Ammon (s. d.) nahe verwandt. Er wurde ithyphallisch mit zwei hohen Federn …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”