- Mike Moore (New Zealand politician)
The Right Honourable
Mike Moore 6th Director-General of the World Trade Organization In office
1 September 1999 – 1 September 2002
Preceded by Renato Ruggiero Succeeded by Supachai Panitchpakdi Constituency Eden, Christchurch North 34th Prime Minister of New Zealand In office
4 September 1990 – 2 November 1990
Monarch Elizabeth II Governor General Paul Reeves Deputy Helen Clark Preceded by Geoffrey Palmer Succeeded by Jim Bolger 26th Leader of the Opposition In office
2 November 1990 – 1 December 1993
Preceded by Jim Bolger Succeeded by Helen Clark 10th Leader of Labour Party In office
4 September 1990 – 1 December 1993
Deputy Helen Clark Preceded by Geoffrey Palmer Succeeded by Helen Clark 10th Minister of Foreign Affairs In office
9 February 1990 – 2 November 1990
Prime Minister Geoffrey Palmer
Preceded by Russell Marshall Succeeded by Don Mckinnon Member of the New Zealand Parliament
25 November 1978 – 14 July 1984
Preceded by Herbert John Walker Succeeded by Constituency abolished Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Christchurch North
14 July 1984 – 12 October 1996
Preceded by New constituency Succeeded by Constituency abolished Personal details Born 28 January 1949
Whakatane, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand
Political party Labour Spouse(s) Yvonne Dereany Profession Union orgainiser Website Mike Moore
Michael Kenneth Moore ONZ (known as Mike Moore, born 28 January 1949) is a politician from New Zealand who has served both as Prime Minister of New Zealand and Director-General of the World Trade Organization. He is the current New Zealand Ambassador to the United States.
Moore was born in Whakatane, New Zealand in 1949. He was raised in Kawakawa and educated at the Bay of Islands College and Dilworth School. After leaving school he first worked as a labourer and then a printer. He became an active trade unionist and at the age of 17 was elected to the Auckland Trades Council. He became the first youth representative on the Labour Party executive and was Vice-president of the International Union of Socialist Youth for two consecutive terms.
Member of Parliament
Parliament of New Zealand Years Term Electorate List Party 1972–1975 Labour 1978–1981 39th Papanui Labour 1981–1984 40th Papanui Labour 1984–1987 41st Christchurch North Labour 1987–1990 42nd Christchurch North Labour 1990–1993 43rd Christchurch North Labour 1993–1996 44th Christchurch North Labour 1996–1999 45th Waimakariri none Labour
Moore began his parliamentary career when elected as the MP for Eden in 1972, becoming the youngest Member of Parliament ever elected. In 1978 he moved to Christchurch and was elected MP for the north Christchurch electorate, then known as Papanui. He held the seat until 1999: as Papanui until 1984, as Christchurch North until 1996, and as Waimakariri thereafter.
As a government minister he has held numerous portfolios, becoming best known in his role as Overseas Trade Minister with involvement in the GATT negotiations. In 1987 he also became Minister of External Relations and in 1988 Deputy Minister of Finance. In 1990 he became leader of the Labour Party and consequently Prime Minister for a few months, convincing the Labour caucus that, while he could not win the election for Labour, he would help save more seats than staying with the incumbent, Geoffrey Palmer. The Labour government was not returned to power in the next general election. He led the Official Opposition until 1993 and was spokesman on Foreign Affairs and Trade until 1999. He strongly considered forming a break-away party, the New Zealand Democratic Coalition, for the 1996 MMP election but then decided against it.
In 1998, he ran for the post of Director-General of the World Trade Organisation and was elected to this position on 22 July 1999. He took up the post on 1 September 1999. The deal with his rival and successor Supachai Panitchpakdi meant that he served only half of the usual six year term in the post.
Political positions held
- Opposition (NZ Labour Party) Spokesman, Foreign Affairs 1993–1999
- Leader, Parliamentary NZ Labour Party 1990–1993
- Prime Minister of New Zealand 1990
- Minister of Overseas Trade and Marketing 1984–90
- Minister of Tourism, Sport and Recreation 1984–87
- Chairman, Cabinet Committee, Economic Development and Employment 1984–90
- Minister for the America’s Cup 1988–90
- Minister of External Relations and Trade 1988–90
- Deputy Minister of Finance 1988–90
- Member of Parliament, Waimakariri (formerly Papanui and Christchurch North) 1978 – 1999
- Member of Parliament, Eden 1972 – 1975.
World Trade Organization
Mike Moore was the Director-General of the World Trade Organisation from 1999 to 2002, his term coincided with momentous changes in the global economy and multilateral trading system. He is widely credited with restoring confidence in the system following the setback of the 3rd WTO Ministerial Conference held in Seattle in 1999. Ministers at the 4th WTO Ministerial Conference in Doha, Qatar respect him as the driving force behind the decision to launch a new round of multilateral trade negotiations. That meeting in 2001 also saw the successful accession to the WTO of China and Chinese Taipei, which along with Estonia, Jordan, Georgia, Albania, Oman, Croatia, Lithuania and Moldova joined during Mr Moore's term bringing in the majority of the world's population within the rules-based trading system. He gave particular attention to helping poor countries participate effectively in the multilateral trading system.
In January 2010 it was announced the Moore would become the next New Zealand Ambassador to the United States.
International services and appointments
- Commissioner, UN Commission of Legal Empowerment of the Poor.
- Commissioner, Global Commission on International Migration.
- Director General of the World Trade Organisation 1999–2002.
- Founding member, Global Leadership Foundation.
- Senior Counsellor, Fonterra.
- Member, Trilateral Commission.
- Member, Economic Development Board, South Australia.
- Special Advisor, China Institute for Reform and Development’s World Trade Organisation Reference Centre.
- New Zealand Government Trade Envoy.
- Special Advisor to the UN Global Compact for Business and Development.
- Former Board Member to the Gottlieb Duttweiler Institute.
- Member, Board of Governors for the Institute for International Business, Economics and Law, University of Adelaide.
- Adjunct Professor, La Trobe University, Melbourne Australia and University of Adelaide, South Australia.
- Chairperson, Advisory Board of Carnegie Mellon University, Adelaide.
- Honorary Professor, Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai.
- Honorary Professor, Chinese University for Political Science and International Law, Beijing.
- Honorary Professor, Shanghai Customs College.
- Visiting Professor, School of Public Policy, University of Birmingham, 2003.
- Member, Competition Council, South Australia.
- Honorary President, Beijing Afforestation Foundation.
- Member, Global Leadership Foundation
Mike Moore is an author of a number of books, on subjects ranging from politics to the Pacific. His most recent book on globalisation, 'A World Without Walls', has also been published in Chinese and Turkish. He has a regular newspaper column that appears in five countries.
- 'Saving Globalization' (Wiley, 2009)
- 'A World Without Walls' (Cambridge University Press, 2003, also published in Chinese and Turkish)
- 'On Balance'
- 'Beyond Today'
- 'A Pacific Parliament'
- 'The Added Value Economy'
- 'Hard Labour'
- 'Fighting for New Zealand'
- 'Children of the Poor'
- 'A Brief History of the Future'
Honours and awards
- The Order of New Zealand – New Zealand's highest honour
- Commemoration Medal 1990 – New Zealand
- Honorary Doctorate of Commerce – Lincoln University, New Zealand
- Honorary Doctorate in Economics – People's University of China (Beijing)
- Honorary Doctorate in Commerce – Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand
- Honorary Doctorate, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
- Honorary Doctorate in Law, La Trobe University, Australia
- Commander of the Order of the Equatorial Star – Government of Gabon
- Chancellor’s Medal (Medalla Rectoral) – University of Chile
- National Order of Côte d'Ivoire and also the Order of the Golden Heart of Kenya – Government of Kenya
- Order of Duke Branimir with Ribbon – Republic of Croatia
- National Honour of Georgia – Government of Georgia
- The Medal of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay – Government of Uruguay – highest national honour
- Pope John Paul II Annual Medal – The Holy See.
- ^ Traue, J. E., 'Who's Who in New Zealand' A.H. & A.W. Reed 1978 ISBN 0 589 01113 8
- ^ a b c Prime Minister of New Zealand – Past Prime Ministers: Mike Moore. Primeminister.govt.nz. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
- ^ a b International Union of Socialist Youth (Veterans). Iusy.org. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
- ^ a b c La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia: 4th Annual Global Finance Conference. Gfc2007.org. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
- ^ Beehive Website. Beehive.govt.nz (20 February 2010). Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
- ^ a b Mike Moore Official website. Mike-moore.info. Retrieved on 6 July 2011.
- ^ Welcome to GLF Global Leadership Foundation[dead link]
- ^ La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia: Media Release[dead link]
- A Talk With Mike Moore podcast interview from La Trobe University
- Photo of the Fish and Chip Brigade in 1980 in Douglas’ office; Bassett, Douglas, Lange and Moore
Premiers and Prime Ministers of New Zealand
Sewell · Fox · Stafford · Domett · Whitaker · Weld · Waterhouse · Vogel · Pollen · Atkinson · Grey · Hall · Stout · Ballance · Seddon · Hall-Jones · Ward · Mackenzie · Massey · Bell · Coates · Forbes · Savage · Fraser · Holland · Holyoake · Nash · Marshall · Kirk · Rowling · Muldoon · Lange · Palmer · Moore · Bolger · Shipley · Clark · Key
Unrecognised parameter Preceded by
Herbert John Walker
Member of Parliament for Papanui
Constituency abolished VacantConstituency recreatedTitle last held bySidney Holland Member of Parliament for Christchurch North
Party political offices Preceded by
Leader of the Labour Party Succeeded by
Political offices Preceded by
Prime Minister of New Zealand
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Director-General of the World Trade Organization
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.