Martin Hotine

Martin Hotine
Brigadier Martin Hotine CMG CBE
Born 17 June 1898(1898-06-17) [1]
Wandsworth, London[2]
Died 12 November 1968(1968-11-12) (aged 70) [1]
Surrey, England
Resting place Municipal Cemetery, Weybridge, Surrey, England
51°21′59″N 0°27′56″W / 51.3664421°N 0.4655778°W / 51.3664421; -0.4655778Coordinates: 51°21′59″N 0°27′56″W / 51.3664421°N 0.4655778°W / 51.3664421; -0.4655778
Nationality British
Education Southend Technical School (now SHSB)[2]
Magdalene College, Cambridge[2]
Known for Founder and first Director General of the Directorate of Overseas Surveys
Spouse Kate Amelia Hotine (1895-1987)

Brigadier Martin Hotine CMG CBE (1898–1968)[3] was the head of the Trigonometrical and Levelling Division of the Ordnance Survey responsible for the 26 year long retriangulation of Great Britain[4] (1936–1962) and was the first Director General of the Directorate of Overseas Surveys (1946–1985).[5] According to Nicholas Crane (Map Man):[4]

He served on the North-West Frontier during the First World War and then in Persia and Mesopotamia (now Iraq); he was decisive, ingenious and tough.


Retriangulation of Great Britain

Hotine was responsible for the design of the triangulation pillars constructed during the Geodetic resurvey of Britain.[4] 6,173 of these were built.[4] They provided a solid base for the theodolites used by the survey teams during the survey, thereby improving the accuracy of the readings obtained.[4] They are sometimes referred to as "Hotine Pillars".

Personal life

Hotine was married to Kate Amelia Hotine (1895–1987).[3]



  • Hotine, Martin (1931), Surveying from air photographs, Professional Papers of the Air Survey Committee - No. 3, London: His Majesty's Stationary Office, pp. 71 
  • Hotine, Martin (1931), The Fourcade Stereogoniometer, Professional Papers of the Air Survey Committee - No. 7, London: His Majesty's Stationary Office, OCLC 184739773 
  • Hotine, Martin, Mathematical geodesy 

Further information

  • Episode 8 of the television series Map Man first broadcast by BBC 2 on 2004-11-04.


  1. ^ a b Edge, R C A (1969-03). Bulletin Géodésique (Springer Berlin / Heidelberg) 91 (1): 8–12. ISSN 0007-4632. 
  2. ^ a b c Humphries, G J (1969-03). "Martin Hotine obituary". The Geographical Journal (Royal Geographical Society) 135 (1): 156–157. JSTOR 1795667. 
  3. ^ a b "Martin Hotine grave monument details". Gravestone photographic resource. Gravestone Photographic Resource. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Crane, Nicholas (2004-10-30). "Britain: Master of all he surveys". The Daily Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c Macdonald, Alastair (1996). Mapping The World (1st ed.). Norwich, England: HMSO. pp. ii. ISBN 0117015903. 
  6. ^ List of Past Royal Geographical Society Gold Medal Winners

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