Martel (missile)

Martel (missile)
Martel (AS 37)
Martel.jpg
Martel AS.37 on display at DCAE Cosford.
Type standoff anti-radar missile(AS 37) / air-to-surface(AJ.168)
Place of origin UK/France
Service history
Used by Royal Air Force

Armèe de l'Air

Production history
Manufacturer Hawker-Siddely, Matra
Produced 1984
Number built  ?
Variants AS 37 "Martel" radar, AS37 "Armat", AJ 168 "Martel" Video
Specifications
Weight 550 kg
Length 4.18 m
Diameter 0.4 m

Warhead 150 kg and fitted with a Misznay–Schardin plate
Detonation
mechanism
proximity fuze

Engine two stage solid propellant rocket motors
Wingspan 1.2 m
Operational
range
60 km max (estimated, and depending on the launch conditions)
Flight ceiling  ?
Speed Mach 0.9 +
Guidance
system
passive radar homing,video guided
Steering
system
 ?
Launch
platform
fixed wing aircraft

The Martel is an Anglo-French anti-radiation missile (ARM). The name Martel is a contraction of Missile, Anti-Radiation, Television, referring to the guidance options. There are two variants, the passive radar guided (AS 37) and the video guided (AJ 168).

Martel AJ 168 TV-guided missile display round
Although displayed alongside a Mirage, the Mirage only carried the AS.37

The aircraft that used these missiles were the Blackburn Buccaneer (up to three TV or four ARM variant), the SEPECAT Jaguar (two) and the Mirage III/F1 (one or two). The task of the Martel was quite oriented to anti-ship attacks with its long range and heavy warhead. There was not, at the time, a small radar homing missile like the AGM-84 Harpoon with an active radar, so the only viable solution was a TV or ARM sensor. With a relatively long range, a heavy payload, and a subsonic speed, this missile compares more to an anti-ship weapon like the Exocet or the AS.34 Kormoran than an anti-radar missile. It weighs three times as much as the AGM-45 Shrike, with half the speed but much greater range and explosive power.

It was possible to adapt the Martel ARM to be used against different wavelength radars. It was an improvement compared to the early Standard ARM missiles, that had only one narrow-band homing sensor. But the ARM sensor was only selectable on the ground, not in flight and so before taking-off it was necessary to know what kind of radar should be attacked.

The UK has used both types, the French only the radar-equipped variant. The Martel fuselage forms the basis for the Sea Eagle anti-ship missile with a turbojet to improve range, while the French used it to develop ARMAT, an advanced ARM missile in the '80s[1]. For ARM functions, the RAF adopted a totally new missile, much smaller, the ALARM.

Operational history

The Martel was probably used by the Iraqi army against Iran, and was used by France against Libya during the Epervier military operation, supporting Chad. On January 7, 1987 four French Jaguars took off carrying one Martel each. Three failed to launch their missiles for technical reasons, but the last one hit an SA-6 radar, destroying it completely[2].

Operators

 Egypt
 France
 India
 Iraq
 United Kingdom

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Martel missile — Infobox Weapon is missile=yes caption= A Martel AJ 168 TV guided missile display round name=Martel (AS 37) type=standoff anti radar missile(AS 37) / air to surface(AJ.168) origin=UK/France era=Cold War launch platform=fixed wing aircraft… …   Wikipedia

  • Martel — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 In fiction 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Missile Air-Sol — Le Maverick est un missile air sol imposant plutôt destiné à l attaque des blindés Un missile air sol est un missile tirée depuis un aéronef (avion ou hélicoptère) et destiné à détruire une cible au sol telle qu un bâtiment ou un blindé. La… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martel — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Martel », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Missile air-sol — Le Maverick est un missile air sol imposant plutôt destiné à l attaque des blindés Un missile air sol est un missile tiré depuis un aéronef (avion ou hélicoptère) et destiné à détruire une cible au sol tel qu un bâtiment ou un blindé. La taille… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martel (homonymie) — Martel Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Martel — Hawker Siddeley in Britain and Matra in France built this AS 37 missile …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Sea Eagle missile — Infobox Weapon is missile=yes caption= name=Sea Eagle type=Anti ship missile origin=UK launch platform=Fixed and rotary wing aircraft target=Shipping manufacturer=BAe Air Weapons Division, Hatfield production date=1982 service=1985 used by= UK,… …   Wikipedia

  • AS-37 Martel — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Martel (homonymie). AS 37 Martel TV ou AR …   Wikipédia en Français

  • AS.37 Martel — AS.37 Martel/AS.37 Armat/AJ.168 Martel Allgemeine Angaben Typ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”