- Javelin surface-to-air missile
caption= British soldier posing with Javelin triple launcher
origin= flagicon|United Kingdom
type=Manportable surface-to-air missile
Falklands War, Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
Thales Air Defence
weight= 0.076 m (Missile)
24.3 kg (System)
length= 1.39 m
diameter= 0.076 m
range= 300 to 4,500 m against jets to 5,500 m against helicopters
max_range= 4.5 km
filling= High Explosive warhead
filling_weight= 2.74 kg (containing 0.6 kg of HE) with contact and proximity fuzes
Impact forceor Fuse Proximity
engine= Solid Fuel Rocket
speed= Mach 1+ approx.
Javelin is a British man-portable
surface-to-air missile, formerly used by the British Armyand Canadian Army. It can be fired from the shoulder, or from a dedicated launcher known as Javelin LML—Lightweight Multiple Launcher. Capable of being vehicle mounted, the LML carries three rounds.
It was replaced in front line British service by the
Starburst surface-to-air missilein 1993, and later by the Starstreakstarting around 1997. The Canadian Forces have retired it without replacement.
The missile was developed as a replacement for the
Blowpipe missile, which had proven largely ineffective in the Falklands war(nine hits recorded out of more than 100 missile launches) and in mujahideenhands during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
Similar in overall appearance to the Blowpipe, Javelin is slightly more compact and is fitted with a more advanced seeker head and improved warhead. The operator is equipped with a 6x magnification sight and a long range TV camera to locate targets. Although the Javelin's accuracy is somewhat susceptible to
smoke, fogor clouds, it is claimed to be virtually impossible to decoy it away from a target with flares.
; BOT; CAN; UK
* "Jane's Land-Based Air Defence 2005-2006", ISBN 0-7106-2697-5
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