- Mano Negra (wrestler)
Mano Negra Ring name(s) Mano Negra
Sangre Blanca I
Billed height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in) Billed weight 95 kg (210 lb) Born January 15, 1959 
Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
Trained by El Rebelde
Debut October 1, 1971
Jesús Reza Rosales (born January 15, 1959) is a Mexican Luchador, or professional wrestler, best known under the ring name Mano Negra. Mano Negra is Spanish for "The Black Hand" and is taken from the Spanish anarchist organisation La Mano Negra. Rosales is a former two time holder of the NWA World Welterweight Championship, two time holder of the NWA World Light Heavyweight Championship, and the Mexican National Light Heavyweight Championship while working for Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre (EMLL). He also worked for the Universal Wrestling Association (UWA) where he held the UWA World Junior Light Heavyweight Championship and for the World Wrestling Association (WWA) where he held the WWA Lightweight Championship. Mano Negra was originally an Enmascarado, or masked wrestler, but lost a Lucha de Apuesta, bet match, to Atlantis in the main event of CMLL's 60th Anniversary Show and was forced to unmask.
Professional wrestling career
Jesús Rosales trained under world renowned Lucha libre trainer Diablo Velazco as well as his father, Luchador El Rebelde as well as Rafael Salamanca and Rolando Vera before making his professional wrestling debut in 1971. Upon his debut he adopted the ring name Mano Negra ("The Black Hand") and was inspired by the Spanish anarchist organisation La Mano Negra. Rosales adopted a black mask with blue trim, a black and blue outfit and a black glove for his "black hand". On December 14, 1973, just three years after his debut he won the NWA World Welterweight Championship by defeating Karloff Lagarde in the finals of an Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre (EMLL) held tournament for the vacant title. Mano Negra held the title for 562 days, regularly defending it on EMLL's main shows in Arena México, before losing the championship to Blue Demon on June 29, 1975. It would take over a year before Mano Negra was able to regain the championship, pinning Fishman for the championship on November 19, 1976. His second reign with the welterweight title lasted for 892 days in total, one of the longest reigns in the history of the title, ending on April 30, 1979 when he lost to Américo Rocca. In the early 1980s Mano Negra moved from the Welterweight division (with an upper limit of 78 kg (170 lb)) to the Light Heavyweight division (with an upper limit of 97 kg (210 lb)) when he defeated Babe Face to win the Mexican National Light Heavyweight Championship on July 30, 1983. The reign lasted exactly 400 days before Valente Férnandez won the title from him on September 2, 1984. The following year Mano Negra won the Universal Wrestling Association's UWA World Junior Light Heavyweight Championship, defeating Negro Navarro for the championship. The following year Mano Negra began a long-term storyline feud with El Cobarde II, a feud that saw Cobarde II win the UWA World Junior Light Heavyweight Championship from Mano Negra in late 1985, but saw Mano Negra gain the ultimate measure of revenge when he defeated El Cobarde II in a Lucha de Apuesta, mask vs. mask match on August 10, 1986 and forced Cobarde II to unmask after the match.
In the early 1990s Mano Negra's career saw a resurgence as he began a feud with the very popular Atlantis. The storyline started out with Mano Negra defeating Atlantis for the NWA World Middleweight Championship on March 3, 1993. Mano Negra was in turn defeated by Oro only two months later, but regained the middleweight title on July 3, 1993. In September 1993, at CMLL's 60th Anniversary Show, Atlantis and Mano Negra faced off in the main event of the evening with both wrestlers putting their mask on the line in a Lucha de Apuesta match. After three highly competitive falls Atlantis defeated Mano Negra. After the match Mano Negra was unmasked for the first time and had to reveal that his real name was Jesús Reza Rosales, which is tradition after a Lucha de Apuesta loss.<name=Ovaciones20999/> On December 7, 1993 Mano Negra's last title run came to an end when he lost to Corazón de León. Mano Negra worked for CMLLuntil around 1996 when he began working on the Mexican independent circuit. In 2009 he made a series of appearances for International Wrestling Revolution Group (IWRG).
Jesús Rosales is the son of Luchador El Rebelde and his son is in turn also a Luchador, using the ring name Mano Negra, Jr. and wearing a mask that is very similar to the mask his father used to wear. His daughter is married to Black Warrior.
- Finishing moves
- El Hombre del Guante Negro ("The man in the black glove")
Championships and accomplishments
- WWA Lightweight Championship (1 time)
Lucha de Apuesta record
Wager Winner Loser Location Date Notes Mask Mano Negra Asesino Blanco Tijuana, Baja California Unknown  Hair Mano Negra Gorilita Flores, Jr. Unknown Unknown  Mask Mano Negra Demonio Blanco Mexico City, Mexico December 10, 1976  Mask Mano Negra the Invader Naucalpan, Mexico State February 20, 1983  Mask Mano Negra El Cobarde II Mexico City, Mexico August 10, 1986  Mask Mano Negra Frankenstein Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua 1987  Hair Mano Negra Gran Markus Torreón, Coahuila December 4, 1987  Mask Atlantis Mano Negra Mexico City, Mexico October 1, 1993  Hair Mano Negra Bestia Salvaje Mexico City, Mexico December 3, 1993  Hair Brazo de Plata Mano Negra Mexico City, Mexico April 15, 1997  Hair El Celestial Mano Negra Panama City, Panama January 24, 1999  Hair Mano Negra Mr. Mexico Mexico City, Mexico March 4, 2001  Hair Justiciero Mano Negra Coacalco, Mexico State October 2003  Hair Justiciero Mano Negra Coacalco, Mexico State February 4, 2001  Hair El Hijo del Santo Mano Negra Tijuana, Baja California November 24, 2006  Mask Villaño III Mano Negra Mateos, Mexico State November 25, 2007 Hair Shu El Guerrero Mano Negra Mateos, Mexico State February 14, 2009 Cage match with El Canek, Dos Caras, Mil Mascaras, Villaño III, El Fantasma and Villaño V
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Enciclopedia staff (November, 2008). "Grandes Figuras de la Lucha Libre" (in Spanish). Mano Negro (Portales, Mexico): p. 36. 17.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Enciclopedia staff (October 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras" (in Spanish). Mano Negra (Mexico City, Mexico): p. 20. Tomo III.
- ^ a b c d e Royal Duncan & Gary Will (4th Edition 2006). "Mexico: EMLL NWA Welterweight Heavyweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 390. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ^ a b c Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ^ a b Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: Universal Wrestling Federation Junior Light Heavyweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 397. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ^ a b c d Royal Duncan & Gary Will (4th Edition 2006). "EMLL NWA World Middlweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. pp. 389–390. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ^ "IWRG @ Arena Naulcalpan" (in German). CageMatch.net. August 20, 2009. http://www.cagematch.net/?id=1&nr=42836. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
- ^ Madigan, Dan (2007). "A family affair". Mondo Lucha a Go Go: the bizare & honorable world of wild Mexican wrestling. HarperColins Publisher. pp. 128–132. ISBN 978-0-06-085583-3.
- ^ Royal Duncan & Gary Will (2000). "Mexico: WWA Lightweight Title". Wrestling Title Histories. Archeus Communications. p. 400. ISBN 0-9698161-5-4.
- ^ Arturo Rosas Plata (September 28, 2007). "Las celebraciones pasadas..." (in Spanish). Ovaciones (Mexico, D.F.: Editorial Ovaciones, S. A. de C.V.): p. 18. Número 20998 Año LX. http://itecor.v1.myvirtualpaper.com/28092007/2007092801/en/?page=18. Retrieved September 19, 2009.
- ^ Enciclopedia staff (October 2007). "Enciclopedia de las Mascaras" (in Spanish). Mano Negra (Mexico): p. 20. Tomo III.
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