Crestwood School District (Pennsylvania)

Crestwood School District (Pennsylvania)
Crestwood School District
281 South Mountain Boulevard
Mountain Top, Pennsylvania, Luzerne, 18707
United States
Superintendent Dave McLaughlin-Smith
Grades K-12
Kindergarten 215
Grade 1 200
Grade 2 207
Grade 3 211
Grade 4 224
Grade 5 212
Grade 6 236
Grade 7 226
Grade 8 243
Grade 9 263
Grade 10 282
Grade 11 252
Grade 12 267
Other Enrollment projected to be 3029 by 2020[1]
Mascot Comets

The Crestwood School District covers the Boroughs of Nuangola, Penn Lake Park and White Haven and Dennison Township, Dorrance Township, Fairview Township, Rice Township, Slocum Township and Wright Township in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Crestwood School District encompasses approximately 100 square miles. According to 2000 federal census data, it serves a resident population of 18,299. Per school district officials, in school year 2007-08 the Crestwood School District provided basic educational services to 3,144 pupils through the employment of 179 teachers, 122 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 13 administrators. In 2009, the district's per capita income was $21944 while the median family income was $56,503.[2]

The district operates: Crestwood High School, Crestwood Middle School, Fairview Elementary School and Rice Elementary School.


Academic achievement

Crestwood School District was ranked 162nd out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2011 by the Pittsburgh Business Times. The ranking was based on student academic performance based on the PSSAs for: reading, writing, math and two years of science.[3]

  • 2010 - 136th[4]
  • 2009 - 152nd
  • 2008 - 159th
  • 2007 - 122nd out of 501 Pennsylvania school districts.[5]

In 2009, the academic achievement of the pupils in the district was in the 72nd percentile among Pennsylvanian's 500 school districts. Scale (0-99; 100 is state best)[6]

Graduation Rate

In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4 year cohort graduation rate. Crestwood High School's rate was 93% for 2010.[7]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations:

  • 2010 - 97%[8]
  • 2009 - 97%
  • 2008 - 94%[9]
  • 2007 - 94%[10]

Graduation requirements

The Crestwood School Board has determined that a student must successfully complete 23 credits which include: 4 credits of English, 4 credits of Social Studies, 4 credits of Mathematics, 4 credits of Science, 2 credits of Arts & Humanities, 2 credits of World Language, 2 credits of electives and 1 credit Health/Physical Education.[11]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a graduation project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor, and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[12] At Crestwood High School the project consists of: a research paper and an oral presentation.[13]

Beginning with the class of 2016, by Pennsylvania school regulations, students must take the Keystone Exams in Literature, Biology 1 and Algebra 1.[14]

High School

11th Grade Reading

  • 2010 - 67% on grade level (17% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 66% of 11th graders are on grade level.[15]
  • 2009 - 71% (14% below basic), State - 65%[16]
  • 2008 - 72% (12% below basic), State - 65%
  • 2007 - 66% (15% below basic), State - 65%[17]

11th Grade Math:

  • 2010 - 55%, on grade level (24% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level.[18]
  • 2009 - 53% (22% below basic), State - 56%.
  • 2008 - 61% (24% below basic), State - 56%
  • 2007 - 49% (26% below basic), State - 53%

11th Grade Science:

  • 2010 - 40% on grade level. State - 39% of 11th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 45%, State - 40%[19]
  • 2008 - 40%, State - 39%

College remediation

According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 19% of Crestwood High School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[20] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[21] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment

The high school offers a Dual Enrollment program. This state funded program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. Students remain enrolled at their high school. The courses count towards high school graduation requirements and towards earning a college degree. The students continue to have full access to activities at their high school. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[22] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[23] The Pennsylvania College Credit Transfer System reported in 2009, that students saved nearly $35.4 million by having their transferred credits count towards a degree under the new system.[24]

For the 2009-10 funding year, the school district received a state grant of $32,644 for its dual enrollment program.[25]

Middle School

The school is in School Improvement I level AYP Status in 2009 and 2010.[26] In 2010 the attendance rate was reported as 95%.

8th Grade Reading

  • 2010 - 90% on grade level (62% advanced). In Pennsylvania, 81% of 8th graders on grade level.[27]
  • 2009 - 90% (66% advanced), State - 80%
  • 2008 - 87% (64% advanced), State - 78%[28]
  • 2007 - 83% (58% advanced), State - 75%

8th Grade Math:

  • 2010 - 80% on grade level (8% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 75% of 8th graders are on grade level.[29]
  • 2009 - 81% (7% below basic), State - 71%[30]
  • 2008 - 79% (8% below basic), State - 70%
  • 2007 - 79%, State - 68%

8th Grade Science:

  • 2010 - 68% on grade level (16% below basic). State - 57% of 8th graders were on grade level.
  • 2009 - 74% (10% below basic), State - 55%[31]
  • 2008 - 74%, State - 52%[32]

In 2010, The institute for Public Policy and Economic Development reported that Crestwood School District had the highest percentage of 8th grade students scoring advanced in science achievement - 35.5%, among all Luzerne County School Districts on the 2009 PSSAs.[33]

7th Grade Reading

  • 2010 - 82% on grade level (5% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 73% of 7th graders on grade level.
  • 2009 - 81% (6% below basic), State - 71%
  • 2008 - 80% (7% below basic), State - 70%
  • 2007 - 76% (9% below basic), State - 67%

7th Grade Math:

  • 2010 - 84% on grade level (8% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 77% of 7th graders are on grade level.
  • 2009 - 73% (10% below basic), State - 75%
  • 2008 - 76% (12% below basic), State - 71%
  • 2007 - 74% (10% below basic), State - 67%

Elementary Schools

  • Fairview Elementary School Report Card 2010 [1]
  • Rice Elementary School Report Card 2010 [2]

Special education

The district administration reported that 350 students or 11% were receiving special education services in 2009.[34][35]

The District affords specialized programs of instruction specifically designed to meet the needs of the District's exceptional students. With assistance from the Luzerne Intermediate Unit 18, exceptional students have access to a complete special education program in such support areas as Learning, Life Skills, Emotional, Speech and Language, Hearing, Visual and Gifted.

The District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Supervisor of Special Education.[36]

In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for Special Education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding.[37]

Crestwood School District received a $1,392,792 supplement for special education services in 2010.[38]

Gifted Education

The District Administration reported that 85 or 2.80% of its students were gifted in 2009.[39] By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The primary emphasis is on enrichment and acceleration of the regular education curriculum through a push in model with the gifted instructor in the classroom with the regular instructor. This approach permits such specialized instructional strategies as tiered assignments, curriculum compacting, flexible grouping, learning stations, independent projects and independent contracts. Students identified as gifted attending the High School have access to honors and advanced placement courses, and dual enrollment with local colleges. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.[40]

Bullying policy

The school district administration reported there were no incidents of bullying in the district in 2009.[41][42]

All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. Crestwood School District has posted a Bullying/Cyberbulling Policy 249.[43] The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[44] The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[45]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[46]

Budget and taxes

In 2008, the district reported $2,804,144 in a unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as zero.[47]

In 2007, the district employed over 160 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $52,902 for 185 instructional days worked.[48]

In 2009, the district reported employing over 160 teachers with a salary range of $35,032 to $96,820 and a median teacher salary of $58,205.[49][50] Teachers work 7 hours per day with a 30 min lunch period and a daily prep period. In addition to salary, the teachers' compensation includes: health insurance, life insurance, paid funeral leave, 10 paid sick, 2 personal days, and reimbursement for college courses. At retirement, teachers receive $47.5 per unused sick day and can receive district funded health insurance. Teachers receive extra compensation for additional duties and for extracurricular advising and sports coaching.[51]

In 2008, Crestwood School District reported spending $9,492 per pupil. This ranked 494th among the 500 school districts, in the commonwealth.[52]

Crestwood School District administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $456.77 in 2008. This ranked 497th in Pennsylvania public schools. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[53]

In 2009, the district reported having over $21 million in outstanding debt in General Obligation bonds.[54]

In October 2009, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the district. Significant findings were reported to the school board and the school district administration[55]

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax of 0.5%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax regardless of the individual's level of wealth.[56]

State basic education funding

For the 2010-11 school year, the state basic education funding to Crestwood School District was increased 9.63% for a total of $7,469,015. The highest increase in Luzerne County was awarded to Hazleton Area School District at 12,61%. Sixteen Pennsylvania school districts received an increase over 10%. One hundred fifty Pennsylvania school districts received the base 2% increase. Among Pennsylvania school districts, the highest increase in 2010-11 went to Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County which received a 23.65% increase in state funding.[57] The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor and the Secretary of Education through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.[58]

For the 2009-2010 budget year the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 7.33% increase in Basic Education funding for Crestwood School District a total of $6,812,784. The state Basic Education Funding to the district in 2008-09 was $6,347,347.04. The highest increase in BEF for the school districts in Luzerne County was awarded to Hazleton Area School District at a 13.36% increase. The highest increase in Pennsylvania went to Muhlenberg School District of Berks County which received an increase of 22.31 percent. Sixteen school districts received an increase in funding of over 10 percent in 2009.[59]

In 2009, the district reported that 595 students were eligible for a federal free or reduced lunch due to low family income.[60]

Accountability Block Grants

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, All Day Kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math Coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students, For 2010-11 the Crestwood School District applied for and received $324,326 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide all day kindergarten for the sixth year.[61][62]

Classrooms for the Future grant

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Crestwood School District did not apply for funding in 2006-07. In 2007-08, it was denied funding. The district received $187,656 in 2008-09.[63]

Federal Stimulus Grant

Crestwood School District received an extra $1,774,945 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used only in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low income students.[64]

Race to the Top grant

School district officials applied for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district several hundred thousand additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[65]The teachers' union agreed to support the effort.[66] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success. In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate. Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of a majority of school districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.[67]

Common Cents state initiative

The Crestwood School Board decided to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars.[68] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes.

Real estate taxes

The school board levied a real estate tax of 8.5145 mills in 2010-11.[69] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. On the local level, Pennsylvania district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[70]

  • 2009-10 - 8.5145 mills[71]

In 2008, Luzerne County conducted a county wide property value reassessment. The previous county wide assessment had been done in 1965[72]

  • 2008-09 - 197.3000 mills[73]

Act 1 Adjusted index

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not allowed to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[74]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Crestwood School District 2006-2007 through 2011-2012.[75]

  • 2006-07 - 4.9%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 4.4%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 5.7%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 5.3%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 3.8%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 1.8%, Base 1.4%

The Crestwood School Board did not apply for any exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budget in 2011.[76] In the Spring of 2010, 135 of 500 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[77]

Property tax relief

In 2011, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Crestwood School District was $64 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 6,526 property owners applied for the tax relief.[78] In 2011 within Luzerne County, the highest reported amount went to Wilkes-Barre Area School District set at $211 per approved homestead. The property tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property tax bill for each property. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres (40,000 m2) and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $641 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[79] CUSD was given $632 in 2009. This was the second year they were the top recipient.

  • 2010 - $65 for 6,478 properties[80]
  • 2009 - $66 for 6,414 properties[81]

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially greater than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.[82]

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[83]


The district offers a variety of clubs and sports. Eligibility to participate is set by school board policy.[84][85][86]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those homeschooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[87]


  1. ^ Enrollment and Projections by LEA, Pennsylvania Department of Education, July 2010
  2. ^ American Fact Finder, Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2010
  3. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 2011). "Statewide Honor Roll.". 
  4. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (May 1, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll.". 
  5. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times, (May 23, 2007). "Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County,". 
  6. ^ The Morning Call (2009). "Crestwood School District 2009 PSSA RESULTS". 
  7. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". 
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Crestwood School District Report Card Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". 
  9. ^ The Times Tribune (June 2009). "Crestwood School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2008". 
  10. ^ The Pennsylvania Partnership for Children, (2008). "Pennsylvania High School Graduation Rates report,". 
  11. ^ Crestwood School District Administration (2010-11). "Crestwood High School Student Handbook". 
  12. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education. "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements". 
  13. ^ Crestwood School District Administration (2008). "Crestwood School District Strategic Plan". 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Pennsylvania’s New Graduation Requirements". 
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "2009-2010 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  16. ^ The Times-Tribune. (2009). "Grading Our Schools database, 2009 PSSA results,". 
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2007). "PSSA Math and Reading results". 
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 2011). "Crestwood High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". 
  19. ^ The Times-Tribune. (2009). "Grading Our Schools database, 2009 Science PSSA results,". 
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Pennsylvania College Remediation Report". 
  21. ^ National Center for Education Statistics
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Dual Enrollment Guidelines". 
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement. site accessed March 2010.
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. (April 29, 2010). "Report: PA College Credit Transfer System Makes Higher Education More Affordable, Accessible,". 
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "PA Dual Enrollment School District Grants 2010-11 Fall Appendix 2". 
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 2011). "Crestwood Middle School School AYP Overview". 
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 2011). "Crestwood Middle School School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". 
  28. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (August 2008). "Reading and Math PSSA 2008 by Schools". 
  29. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (September 14, 2010). "2010 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results". 
  30. ^ 2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results Pennsylvania Department of Education Report
  31. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (August 2009). "Science PSSA 2009 by Schools". 
  32. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (August 2008). "Science PSSA 2008 by Schools". 
  33. ^ The institute for Public Policy and Economic Development (March 2010). "Luzerne County School Science Assessment Report 2010". 
  34. ^ Pennsylvania Bureau of Special Education (January 2009). "Crestwood School District Special Education Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009". 
  35. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Bureau of Special Education". 
  36. ^ Crestwood School District Administration (August 16, 2007). "Crestwood School District Special Education Policy 113". 
  37. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Pennsylvania Special Education Funding". 
  38. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Special Education Funding from Pennsylvania State_2010-2011". 
  39. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (Revised December 1, 2009 Child Count (Collected July 2010)). "Gifted Students as Percentage of Total Enrollment by School District/Charter School". 
  40. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsylvania School Board. "CHAPTER 16. Special Education For Gifted Students". Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  41. ^ "Crestwood School District School Safety Annual Report 2008 - 2009". 2009. 
  42. ^ "Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports". 
  43. ^ Crestwood School District (September 18, 2008). "Crestwood School District Bullying Cyberbullying Policy 249". 
  44. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly (2008). "Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8". 
  45. ^ Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania,. "Bullying Prevention advisory". 
  46. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education (January 11, 2003). "Pennsylvania Academic Standards". 
  47. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008". 
  48. ^ Fenton, Jacob, (March 2009). "Average classroom teacher salary in Luzerne County, 2006-07". The Morning Call. 
  49. ^ Commonwealth Foundation (2011). "PA School Salaries - School Payroll,". 
  50. ^ Asbury Park Press (2009). "Pa. Public School Salaries - Crestwood School District report". 
  51. ^ Crestwood School District Teachers' Union Contract, March 2010
  52. ^ "Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort by Administrative Spending". 
  53. ^ Fenton, Jacob. (Feb 2009). "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?,". The Morning Call. 
  54. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania School District Finances Outstanding Debt 1996-97- 2008-09". 
  55. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (October 2009). "Crestwood School District, LUZERNE COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA PERFORMANCE AUDIT REPORT". 
  56. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue (2010). "Personal Income tax information". 
  57. ^ Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee (June 30, 2010). "PA Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010-2011". ]
  58. ^ Office of the Budget, (February 2010). "Pennsylvania Budget Proposal 2010". 
  59. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 2009). "Basic Education Funding Report by School District.". 
  60. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Basic Education Funding Report by School District. October 2009
  61. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Accountability Block Grant report 2010, Grantee list". 
  62. ^ "Accountability Block Grant Mid Year report". 
  63. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (December 2008). "Classrooms For the Futuire grants audit". 
  64. ^ Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. "Pennsylvania school districts ARRA FUNDING report 2009-10". 
  65. ^ Governor's Press Release (January 20, 2010). "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support.". 
  66. ^ Erin Moody (January 2009). "Local school districts vie for federal stimulus grant". The Citizens Voice. 
  67. ^ U.S. Department of Education, (March 29, 2010). "Race to the Top Fund,". 
  68. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Common Cents program - Making Every Dollar Count". 
  69. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. (2010). "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District,". 
  70. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, (2004). "Act 511 Tax Report,". 
  71. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Pennsylvania School District Finances_Real Estate Tax Rates_0910". 
  72. ^ "Luzerne County Reassessment Information". 
  73. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Pennsylvania School District Real Estate Tax Rates 2008-09". 
  74. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "2010-11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines". 
  75. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education,". May 2010. 
  76. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2010). "Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2010-2011". 
  77. ^ Scarcella, Frank and Pursell, Tricia, (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages.". The Daily Item. 
  78. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (May 1, 2011). "Tax Relief per Homestead 2011". 
  79. ^ Tax Relief per Homestead 5-1-10. Report Pennsylvania Department of Education, May 2010
  80. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (May 1, 2010). "Tax Relief per Homestead 2010,". 
  81. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Report (May 1, 2009). "Tax Relief per Homestead 2010,". 
  82. ^ Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Department of Revenue. "Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate". 
  83. ^ Tax Foundation (September 22, 2009). "New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners". 
  84. ^ Crestwood School Board. "Crestwood School District Interscholastic Athletic Policy 123". 
  85. ^ Crestwood school District Administration. "Crestwood School District Sports". 
  86. ^ Crestwood School Board. "Crestwood School District Extracurricular Activity Policy 122". 
  87. ^ Pennsylvania Office of the Governor, (November 10, 2005). "Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities,". 

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