Agrostis stolonifera

Agrostis stolonifera
Creeping Bentgrass
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Agrostis
Species: A. stolonifera
Binomial name
Agrostis stolonifera
  • Agrostis alba L. var. palustris (Huds.) Pers.
  • Agrostis alba L. var. stolonifera (L.) Sm.
  • Agrostis maritima Lam.
  • Agrostis palustris Huds.
  • Agrostis stolonifera L. var. compacta Hartm.
  • Agrostis stolonifera L. var. palustris (Huds.) Farw.

Agrostis stolonifera (Creeping bentgrass, Creeping bent, Fiorin, Spreading bent, Carpet bentgrass, Redtop[1][2][3]) is a perennial grass species in the Poaceae family. It is stoloniferous and may form mats or tufts. The prostrate stems of this species grow to 1.3-3.3 ft (0.4–1 m) long with 0.8-4in (2–10 cm) long leaf blades and a panicle reaching up to 16in (40 cm) in height.


Physical description

The ligule is pointed and up to 5mm long. This differs from Common Bent, Agrostis capillaris which is short and does not come to a point.

The leaves are tapering, often with a blue grey hue colour. The grass is not tufted and the spikelets are red and tightly closed within the panicle[4]

It flowers in July and August.


It can be found growing in a variety of habitats including woodlands, grasslands and meadows, wetlands, riparian zones, and as a pioneer species on disturbed sites.[3] It is native to Eurasia and North Africa (Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia). It is possible that it may also be to native to northern parts of North America, and in any case it has been widely introduced and naturalized on that continent and in many other places.[2]

It is a constituent of wet habitats such as marshy grasslands. Some of its species have adapted to contaminated conditions and can cope with heavy metals. It can exist up to 2500 ft.[5]


It is the most commonly used species of Agrostis. [6]

The ability of creeping bentgrass to remain palatable and green in the summer is valued for livestock forage; it also provides good cover for upland game birds and waterfowl. It is used for turf in gardens and landscapes, particularly on golf courses.[3]