Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair

Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair

Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair, son of High King of Ireland Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair, was King of Connacht from 1183 to 1189. He was a military commander and opponent of the Norman invasion of Ireland.


Early life

Conchobar Maenmaige took his nickname from the territory of Trícha Máenmaige where he had being fostered as a child.

Conchobar was apparently the eldest of at least eight sons of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair. He first comes to notice in 1163 when his father was already King of Connacht. Niall mac Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, son of the High King had, on a royal heir's feasting visitation ... through Leath Cuinn ... committed various acts of violence in territories and churches.

Coming to Ath Luain he led a force of twelve score men across the bridge and into Connacht, invading Hy-Many. However, "tria fheill & mheabhail" ("through treachery and guile") "ro marbait uile lá Conchobhar Ua Ceallaigh & la Concobhar Maonmhaighe, & lá h-Uibh Máine" ("they were all killed by Conchobhar Ua Ceallaigh and Conchobhar Maonmhaighe, and the Ui Maine"). Niall was captured "and conducted in safety to his house, by advice of their meeting."

Wars against the Normans and Irish

Conchobar Maenmaige is next mentioned in the Annals of Ulster in 1174 in the following terse statement: "The battle of Durlus [was gained] by Domnall Ua Briain and by Conchobur Maenmhaighi upon the people of the son of the Empress (namely, of the king of the Saxons)." The Annals of the Four Masters list his presence at The Battle of the Connors in Hy-Many in 1180.

In 1184 the King of Meath, Art Ua Melaghlin, "was treacherously slain by Dermot O' Brien (i.e. the son of Turlough), at the instigation of the English." Ruaidri supported the O'Melaghlins as he had annexed much of the midlands to Connacht and Art's successor, Melaghlin Beg O'Melaghlin was aided by Conchobar. The armies of Connacht and Meath, led by both men, attacked and destroyed castles in areas conquered by the invaders, the result being "many of the English were slain."

In 1185 war broke out among the Princes of Connacht ("ríogh-dhamhna", literally "king material"), as three contenders for the kingship of Connacht assailed both Ruaidrí and each other. One of them was Connor's own son, Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobair, the other two being Connor mac Cormac Ua Conchobar and Cathal Crobdearg Ua Conchobair. Conchobar appears to have supported his father, but as events of the following year would show he too appears to have become impatient for change and a chance to turn the tide. At any rate, for now, though "the contests between them many were slain," Ruaidrí "and his son afterwards made peace with the other chiefs."

Reconciled, Conchobair and Cathal Carragh burned Killaloe, as well churches as houses, and carried off all the jewels and riches of the inhabitants ... [left Thomond] ... destroyed and pillaged. In this Conchobar commanded Norman allies, who came as far as [from] Roscommon, where Ruaidri gave them three thousand cows as wages.

King of Connacht

In 1186 warfare finally erupted between father and son, and by the contests between both the Connacians were destroyed. At length ... by the advice of the Sil-Murray [Ruaidri was allowed to return, and] ... a trícha cét of land was given to him.

Conchobar immediately began establishing his rule, bringing the troublesome Ui Maine under firm control by killing their king, Murrough O Cellaig. The following year he returned to Lenister and along with Melaghlin Beg Ua Melaghlin burned and demolished the castle of Kildare, where not one of the English escaped, but were all suffocated, or otherwise killed; They carried away their accoutrements, arms, shields, coats of mail, and horses, and slew two knights.

Two years later it was Connacht's turn to be on the receiving end, as John de Courcy led a Norman incursion into Connaught, accompanied by Connor mac Cormac. Conchobar roused the Connacht chieftains, and was joined by Donnell Mor Ua Brian, King of Thomond. Apparently all the Normans could do was stay on the move because the Connacht forces would not suffer them to tarry any longer in their country.

While camped at Ballysadare, the King of Tirconnell likewise assembled his forces to deny them access north into Tirconnell. Forced back, the English were returning by way of the Curlew Mountains where they were attacked by the Connacians and Momonians ... those who survived retreated with difficulty from the country, without effecting much destruction on this incursion.


This successful first act was denied a sequel when in 1189 Conchobar was killed in Clanconway. The assassins were Manus mac Flann Ua Finaghty, Aodh mac Brian (his first cousin), Muircheartach mac Cathal mac Dermot mac Tadhg, and Giolla na Naomh Ua Mulvihill of the Tuathas. His murderers were described as a party of his own people and tribes, though the real culprit seems to have being that other contender for the kingship of Connaucht, Connor mac Cormac. In the same sentence he was described as the King of all Connaught, both English and Irish. The annalist further stated:

Alas for the party who plotted this conspiracy against the life of the heir presumptive to the throne of Ireland! To him the greater part of Leth-Mhogha had submitted as king. Donnell O'Brien had gone to his house at Dunloe, where he was entertained for a week; and O'Conor gave him sixty cows out of every cantred in Connaught, and ten articles ornamented with gold; but O'Brien did not accept of any of these, save one goblet, which had once been the property of Dermot O'Brien, his own grandfather. Rory Mac Donslevy, King of Ulidia, had gone to his house. Mac Carthy, King of Desmond, was in his house, and O'Conor gave him a great stipend, namely, five horses out of every cantred in Connaught. Melaghlin Beg, king of Tara, was in his house and took away a large stipend; and O'Rourke had gone to his house, and also carried with him a great stipend.

Successors and Descendants

Ruaidri was once more recalled to be king, though only briefly and ended his days as a monk at Cong. Cathal Carragh killed Connor mac Cormac later the same year in revenge of the death of his father.

Cathal would become a King of Connacht, with opposition, before his death in 1202. The ultimate winner for the kingship was Conchobar's uncle, Cathal Crobdearg, who was his ultimate successor.

Of Conchobar's remaining known children:

Preceded by
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair
King of Connacht
Succeeded by
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobair

Family Tree (simplified)

   Toirdelbach, King of Connacht, d.1156.
   |           | 
   |           |
   Ruaidhri    Cathal Crobdearg, 1152-1224. 
   |             issue
   |            |                  |         |
   |            |                  |         |  
Conchobar Toirdhealbhach     Aodh      Diarmait 
   |              issue     issue    issue
   |       |             |      |              |          |     |
   |       |             |      |              |          |     |
   Cathal  Mathghamhain  Tadhg  Muircheartach  Donnchadh  Aodh  Maelsechlain
    killed 1212


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mathghamhain mac Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair — Mathghamhain mac Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair, Prince of Connacht, died 1196 Mathghamhain one of the seven sons of King Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair of Connacht (assassinated 1189). He was a grandson of King of Ireland, Ruaidrí Ua… …   Wikipedia

  • Mael Seachlainn mac Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair — Mael Seachlainn mac Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair, Prince of Connacht, died 1219. Mael Seachlainn was a son of King Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair of Connacht (assassinated 1189) and a grandson of King of Ireland, Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair.… …   Wikipedia

  • Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Cellaigh — Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Cellaigh, 40th King of Uí Maine and 7th Chief of the Name, died 1180. Contents 1 Origins 2 Eccleiastical work 3 References in the Annals …   Wikipedia

  • Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobhair — Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobhair, son of High King of Ireland Ruaidri mac Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, was King of Connacht from 1186 1189. He was a military commander and opponent of the Norman invasion of Ireland.Early lifeConchobar Maenmaige… …   Wikipedia

  • Máenmaige — was a originally a kingdom, later termed a trícha cét, and in Anglo Norman times a cantred, which formed the barony of Loughrea. Contents 1 Early historic rulers 2 Extent 3 Notable natives 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Conchobar — (Old Irish pronunciation: [ˈkonxovar]; also spelled Conchobor, Conchobur; in Modern Irish: Conchobhar, Conchubhar, Conchúr, Munster Irish: [kɾˠoˈxuːɾˠ][1]) is an Irish male name meaning lover of hounds . It is the source of the Irish… …   Wikipedia

  • Donnchadh Conallagh Ua Conchobair — Donnchadh Conallagh Ua Conchobair, Prince of Connacht, died 1204. Donnchadh was one of the seven sons of King Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair of Connacht (assassinated 1189). He was a grandson of King of Ireland, Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair — Ruaidrí mac Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair (often Anglicised Rory O Connor) (died 1198) was a 12th century King of Connacht and the last High King of Ireland. [The title was twice briefly revived in following centuries.] He was the son of Toirdelbach …   Wikipedia

  • Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair — (or Cathal O Connor, 1153 – 1224), the youngest son of the Irish High King Tairrdelbach mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, was a King of Connacht. King 1189 to 1199, and 1202 to 1224, he first succeeded his oldest brother Ruadrai s son Conchobar… …   Wikipedia

  • Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rory O Connor Rey Supremo de Irlanda Cabeza de Rory O´Connor en la Abadía de Cong Reinado 1166 1198 …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”