Cognitive-affective personality system

Cognitive-affective personality system
Cognitive-Affective Processing System
Cognitive-Affective Personality System

Cognitive-affective unit
Person-situation interaction

Walter Mischel
Yuichi Shoda

Relevant works
A cognitive-affective system theory of personality[1]

Psychology portal

The Cognitive Affective Processing System (CAPS) is a contribution to the psychology of personality proposed by Walter Mischel and Yuichi Shoda in 1995. According to the cognitive-affective model, behavior is best predicted from a comprehensive understanding of the person, the situation, and the interaction between person and situation[1].



Cognitive-Affective Processing System

Cognitive-affective theorists argue that behavior is not the result of some global personality trait; instead, it arises from individual's perceptions of herself in a particular situation. However, inconsistencies in behavior are not due solely to the situation; inconsistent behaviors reflect stable patterns of variation within the person. These stable variations in behavior present themselves in the following framework: If A, then X; but if B, then Y. People's pattern of variability is the behavioral signature of their personality, or their stable pattern of behaving differently in various situations. According to this model, personality depends on situation variables, and consists of cognitive-affective units (all those psychological, social, and physiological aspects of people that allow them to interact with their environment in a relatively stable manner).

The authors identified five cognitive-affective units:

  • encoding strategies, or people's individualized manner of categorizing information from external stimuli;
  • competencies and self-regulatory strategies: intelligence, self-regulatory strategies, self-formulated goals, and self-produced consequences;
  • expectancies and beliefs, or people's predictions about the consequences of each of the different behavioral possibilities;
  • goals and values, which provide behavior consistency;
  • affective responses, including emotions, feelings, and the affects accompanying physiological reactions.[1][2]


The cognitive-affective processing system theory provides a comprehensive view that accounts for both the variability of behavior and the stability in the personality system that generates it. Rather than dichotomizing personality research into the study of dispositions or processes, the theory allows the pursuit of both - structure and dynamics - as aspects of the same unitary system.[1][2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d Mischel, W. & Shoda, Y. (1995). A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure. Psychological Review, 102, 246-268.
  2. ^ a b Engler, Barbara (2008). Personality Theories. Cengage Learning. pp. 254-255. ISBN 978-0-547-14834-2.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hypostatic model of personality — Concepts Personality aspect (hypostasis) Personality dimension Personality axis Intrapersonal relation Interpersonal relation Originators Charles Sanders Peirce William James Aaron Rosanoff …   Wikipedia

  • Affective tutoring systems — (ATS) It is believed that Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) would be significantly enhanced if computers could adapt in response to the emotions of students (Picard, 1997; Kort, Reilly and Picard, 2001; Alexander and Sarrafzadeh, 2004). This is …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy — Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive neuroscience and disgust — Disgust is an emotion that is typically defined as an experience of a feeling of revulsion, that is sometimes accompanied by nausea along with several other physiological elements.[1] Disgust may produce specific autonomic responses, such as… …   Wikipedia

  • Personality pathology — In personality psychology, personality refers to enduring patterns of cognition, emotion, and behavior that are activated in particular circumstances and often affect social adaptation. In psychiatry and clinical psychology, personality pathology …   Wikipedia

  • Affective neuroscience — is the study of the neural mechanisms of emotion. This interdisciplinary field combines neuroscience with the psychological study of personality, emotion, and mood.Brain areas related to emotionEmotions are thought to be related to activity in… …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive complexity — Psychology Cognitive psychology Perception …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive psychology — Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive neuroscience — Psychology …   Wikipedia

  • Cognitive neuropsychology — Neuropsychology Topics Brain computer interface …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”