- Darfur Regional Authority
Darfur Regional Authorityالسلطة الإنتقالية الإقليمية لدارفور
al-slTa al-intqalia al-iqlimia al-darfor
Capital Al-Fashir Official language(s) Arabic and English Demonym Darfuri Government Interim regional administration - Executive Chairperson Tijani Sese Establishment - Abuja Agreement 5 May 2006 - TDRA established 23 April 2007 - Doha Agreement 14 July 2011 Area - Total 493,180 km2
190,418 sq mi
Population - estimate 6,000,000 (pre-conflict) (2004)
The Darfur Regional Authority (Arabic: السلطة الإنتقالية الإقليمية لدارفور, al-slTa al-intqalia al-iqlimia al-darfor) is an interim governing body for the Darfur region of the Republic of Sudan.  It was established as the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority in April 2007 under the terms of the 2006 Darfur Peace Agreement  signed in May 2006.
The Transitional Darfur Regional Authority was reformed following the signing of a new Darfur Peace Agreement on 14 July 2011 which included provisions for a regional authority with both executive and legislative functions.  The changes took place on 20 September 2011 when Tijani Sese was appointed chairman of the reformed authority by the President of Sudan. 
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Permanent status of Darfur
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
A Transitional Darfur Regional Authority was established in April 2007 as part of the Darfur Peace Agreement between the Government of Sudan and the Sudan Liberation Movement of Minni Minnawi. The agreement was an attempt to resolve the Darfur conflict that had been ongoing from February 2003. The agreement was only signed by one rebel group, the Sudan Liberation Movement, and rejected by the Justice and Equality Movement, resulting in continuation of the conflict.The agreement was only signed by one rebel group, the Sudan Liberation Movement, and rejected by the Justice and Equality Movement, resulting in continuation of the conflict.
TDRA was composed of six commissions amongst which Darfur Reconstruction and Development Fund (DRDF) represented the back bone of the Authority. Abdelgabar Dosa was the founding President of the DRDF. The Commission had prepared a comprehensive and significant reconstruction and development plan of seven years 2008 – 2015 to be implemented in the region with all projects prepared meeting the international standards. In 2008 as the government failed to fulfil its obligations to allocate the seed money ($700 millions) agreed upon in the agreement Abdelgabar Dosa resigned and is living as a refugee in the UK.
In December 2010, the Sudan Liberation Movement withdrew from the peace agreement and the regional authority. Its leader Minni Minnawi fled to Southern Sudan and has since been dismissed as Senior Assistant to the President of Sudan and as Chairman of the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority. The new Chairman Shartai Jaafar Abdel Hakam subsequently dismissed 10 other members of the Sudan Liberation Movement from the authority.
In June 2011, a new Darfur Peace Agreement was proposed by the Joint Mediators at the Doha Peace Forum. This new agreement was intended to supersede the Abuja Agreement of 2006 and included provisions for a Darfuri Vice-President and an administrative structure that includes both three states and a strategic regional authority to oversee Darfur as a whole. The new agreement was signed by the Government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement on 14 July 2011. The Sudan Liberation Movement and the Justice and Equality Movement did not sign the new document but have three months in which to do so if they wish. The new reformed authority came into being on 20 September 2011 with Tijani Sese as its chair.
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
- Vice President
- National Legislature
- The Supreme Court
- The Court of Appeals
- The Public Court
- The District Courts
- Town & Rural Courts
- State Governors
- Darfur Regional
- Eastern Sudan States
- Abyei Area
- Political parties
- Elections: 2000, 2010
- Human rights
- Foreign relations
- Foreign aid
The 2011 Darfur Peace Agreement contained provisions for an administrative structure for Darfur that includes the three states and a stretigic authority to oversee the region as a whole. The regional authority it proposed consists of both executive and legislative organs which are known as the Darfur Executive and the Darfur Council.
The Darfur Executive is led by an Executive Chairperson and also includes an Executive Deputy-Chairperson, Darfur state governors, ministers and heads of ad-hoc Darfur commissions. Leader of the Liberation and Justice Movement, Tijani Sese, is the chairperson of the reformed authority. A vice chair will be appointed by the central government.
The Darfur Council will be made up of 66 Council Members drawn from the armed movements and the Darfur state legislatures.
Executive Chairpersons of the Darfur Regional Authority and Chairpersons of the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority
Tenure Incumbent Party 23 April 2007 - 5 December 2010 Minni Minnawi Sudan Liberation Movement/Army 5 December 2010 – 20 September 2011 Shartai Jaafar Abdel Hakam National Congress Party 20 September 2011 – Present Tijani Sese Liberation and Justice Movement
Permanent status of Darfur
The permanent status of the Darfur region was to be determined by a referendum planned for July 2011 in which the people of Darfur were to have the choice between "the creation of a Darfur Region composed of the three states", with a constitution and regional government, or the retention of the status quo. This referendum has since been postponed by at least one year.
- Darfur conflict
- Darfur Peace Agreement (2006)
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1706
- United Nations Mission in Sudan
- African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur
- ^ allAfrica.com: Sudan: The Transitional Darfur Regional Authority (Page 1 of 2)
- ^ Darfur Peace Agreement
- ^ People's Daily Online - Sudan forms transitional regional authority to implement Darfur peace deal
- ^ http://news.yahoo.com/sudan-signs-peace-deal-darfur-rebel-group-173144432.html
- ^ http://www.radiodabanga.org/node/18908
- ^ http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/LSGZ-8C3MCC?OpenDocument
- ^ http://22.214.171.124/node/7168
- ^ http://www.sudantribune.com/IMG/pdf/DPA-_Doha_draft.pdf
- ^ http://www.sudantribune.com/Darfur-peace-agreement-to-be,39449
- ^ http://www.sudantribune.com/IMG/pdf/DPA-_Doha_draft.pdf
- ^ http://www.radiodabanga.org/node/16402
- ^ Sudan Tribune
- ^ ENOUGH: A Strategy for Success in Sirte |Save Darfur
- ^ http://www.shrig.org.sd/news-archive/darfur-news/2463-shartai-abdul-al-hakam-appointed-chairperson-of-darfur-transitional-authority-.html
- ^ http://www.sudantribune.com/Sudan-and-LJM-rebels-agree-on-the,39344
Transitional Darfur Regional Authority
- Transitional Darfur Regional Authority
- Darfur Land Commission
- Darfur Rehabilitation and Resettlement Commission
- Darfur Reconstruction and Development Fund
- Government of Sudan
- Politics of Sudan
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