- Foot orienteering
imagesize = 212px
caption = The international orienteering symbol
union = International Orienteering Federation
first = 28 May 1893,
contact = Non-contact
team = Individual
mgender = Separate categories
category = Outdoor
Foot orienteering (foot-O) is the oldest formal
orienteeringsport, and the one with the most "starts" per year.Fact|date=October 2008 Usually, a foot-O is a timed race in which participants start at staggered intervals, are individually timed, and are expected to perform all navigationon their own. The control points are shown on the orienteering mapand must be visited in the specified order. Standings are determined first by successful completion of the course, then by shortest time on course.
Foot-O is one of four orienteering sports governed by the
International Orienteering Federation.
The history of orienteering begins in the late 19th century in
Sweden, the actual term "orienteering" was first used in 1886 and meant the crossing of unknown land with the aid of a map and a compass.cite web|url=http://www.orienteering.org/i3/index.php?/iof2006/iof/past_present|title=Past & present|publisher=International Orienteering Federation|language=English|accessdate=2008-09-28] The first orienteering competition open to the public was held in Norway in 1897. Notable dates for member nations of the IOF are shown below. First public event National body founded First national championships First international event Other Norway 1897 Sweden 1901 1936 (SOFT) 1937 Australia (OA) Canada [http://www.orienteering.ca/history_COF.htm] (Retrieved on October 10, 2008) ] 1967 (COF) 1968 (Gatineau Park) 1976? New Zealand (NZOF) UKDisley, John, "Orienteering", Faber & Faber, London, 1978.] 1962 1967 (BOF) 1962 (Dunkeld) 1976 (Darnaway Forest) US (USOF)
World Orienteering Championships
Junior World Orienteering Championships
European Orienteering Championships
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.