Governorate of Kuopio

Governorate of Kuopio

Infobox Former Subdivision
conventional_long_name = Governorate of Kuopio¹
native_name = Куопиоская губерния
"Kuopio län"
"Kuopion lääni"
common_name = Kuopio
subdivision = Governorate
nation = the Grand Duchy of Finland
event_start = Established
year_start = 1809
date_start = September 17
event_end = Disestablished
year_end = 1917
date_end = December 6
event1 =
date_event1 =
p1 = County of Savolax and Karelia
flag_p1 = Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg
s1 = Province of Kuopio
flag_s1 = Flag of Finland.svg








image_map_caption = The Grand Duchy of Finland, about 1900.
capital = Kuopio²
leader1 =
year_leader1 =
leader2 =
year_leader2 =
title_leader = Governor
stat_year1 = 1905
stat_area1 = 35600
stat_pop1 = 319000
footnotes = ¹ Until 1831 it was known as the Governorate of Savolax-Karelia ( _ru. Саволаксо-Карельсская губерния, _sv. Savolax och Karelens län, _fi. Savon ja Karjalan lääni).
² _ru. Куопио.

The Governorate of Kuopio ( _ru. Куопиоская губерния, _sv. Kuopio län, _fi. Kuopion lääni) was a governorate of the Grand Duchy of Finland, in the Russian Empire, from 1809 to 1917. In 1831 the name was changed from the Governorate of Savolax-Karelia to the Governorate of Kuopio.

History

As a consequence of the tumultous conflicts of the Napoleonic Wars, Sweden had allied itself with the Russian Empire, United Kingdom and the other parties of the Fourth Coalition against Napoleonic France. However, following the treaty of Treaty of Tilsit in 1807, Russia made peace with France and left the coalition. This enabled Russia in 1808 to challenge Sweden in the Finnish War, over the control of Finland. In the Treaty of Fredrikshamn on September 17, 1809 Sweden was obliged to cede all its territory in Finland, east of the Torne River, to Russia.

The ceded territories became a part of the Russian Empire and was reconstituted into the Grand Duchy of Finland, with the Russian Tsar as the Grand Duke. It was established in 1809 from the County of Savolax and Karelia, which had been the administrative division as a part of Sweden, as the Governorate of Savolax-Karelia ( _ru. Саволаксо-Карельсская губерния, _sv. Savolax och Karelens län, _fi. Savon ja Karjalan lääni)

Following Finland's declaration of independence on December 6, 1917 the governorate became the Province of Kuopio ( _fi. Kuopion lääni, _sv. Kuopio län) in the Republic of Finland.


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