Oriolus

Oriolus
Orioles
Black-naped Oriole, O. chinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Subclass: Neornithes
Infraclass: Neognathae
Superorder: Neoaves
Order: Passeriformes
Suborder: Passeri
Superfamily: Corvoidea
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Oriolus
Linnaeus, 1766
Diversity
27 species
Indian Golden Oriole Oriolus kundoo in Hyderabad, India.

Orioles are colourful Old World passerine birds in the genus Oriolus, the namesake of the corvoidean family Oriolidae. They are not related to the New World orioles, which are icterids (family Icteridae) and, belonging to the superfamily Passeroidea songbirds, are quite unrelated to the true orioles.

The orioles are a mainly tropical group, although one species (Eurasian Golden Oriole, O. oriolus) breeds in temperate regions.

Species in taxonomic order

The phylogenetic relationshsips of the genus Oriolus have been well established.[1]

Clade I

Clade II

Clade III

Clade IV

Clade V

Clade VI

Isolated species

An unidentified oriole was heard on May 14, 1994, at 1,000 meters ASL south of the summit of Camiguin in the Philippines, where the genus was not previously known to occur. It might have been an undescribed taxon, or simply a vagrant of a known species.[2]

Footnotes

  1. ^ Knud A. Jønsson, Rauri C. K. Bowie, Robert G. Moyle, Martin Irestedt, Les Christidis, Janette A. Norman, Jon Fjeldså (2010) Phylogeny and biogeography of Oriolidae (Aves: Passeriformes) Ecography 33(2): 232–241 doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06167.x
  2. ^ Balete et al. (2006), Heaney & Tabaranza (2006)

References

  • Balete, Danilo S.; Tabaranza, Blas R. Jr. & Heaney, Lawrence R. (2006): An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of Camiguin Island, Philippines. Fieldiana Zool. New Series 106: 58–72. DOI:10.3158/0015-0754(2006)106[58:AACOTB]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract
  • Heaney, Lawrence R. & Tabaranza, Blas R. Jr. (2006): Mammal and Land Bird Studies on Camiguin Island, Philippines: Background and Conservation Priorities. Fieldiana Zool. New Series 106: 1-13. DOI:10.3158/0015-0754(2006)106[1:MALBSO]2.0.CO;2 HTML abstract

External links


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  • Oriolus — prop. n. The type genus of the {Oriolidae}. Syn: genus {Oriolus}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oriŏlus — Oriŏlus, Vogel, so v.w. Pyrol …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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  • Oriolus — noun type genus of the Oriolidae • Syn: ↑genus Oriolus • Hypernyms: ↑bird genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Oriolidae, ↑family Oriolidae • Member Meronyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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