settlement_type = District
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = TUR
subdivision_name1 = Central Anatolia
subdivision_name2 = Eskişehir
map_caption =Location of Eskişehir within Turkey.
official_name = Eskişehir
image_caption = Tepebaşı neighborhood in Eskişehir
population_total = 595157
population_urban = 570825
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes = [http://report.tuik.gov.tr/reports/rwservlet?adnks=&report=turkiye_il_koy_sehir.RDF&p_il1=26&p_kod=2&desformat=html&ENVID=adnksEnv Tuik.gov] tr icon]
population_density_km2 = 194.03
area_total_km2 = 2678
latd = 39
latm = 47
latNS = N
longd = 30
longm = 31
longEW = E
elevation_m = 792
postal_code = 26xxx
area_code = 0222
blank_info = 26
leader_title = Governor
leader_name = Kadir Çalışıcı
website = [http://www.eskisehir.gov.tr/ www.eskisehir.gov.tr]
Eskişehir ("eskē'shehēr", _tr. Eskişehir, "Old City"; Latin: "Dorylaeum"; Greek: Δορύλαιον,
Dorylaion) is a city in northwest Turkeyand the capital district of Eskişehir Province. According to 2007 census, population of the district is 595,157 of which 570,825 live in the city of Eskişehir. [ [http://www.eskisehir.gov.tr/nufus.asp TC Eskişehir Valiliği – Nüfus Durumu] tr icon] The city is located on the bank of Porsuk River, 792 m above sea level, where it overlooks the fertile Phrygian Valley. In the nearby hills one can find hot springs. The city is on theconvert|250|km|mi|0|abbr=on west of Ankara, convert|350|km|mi|0|abbr=on southeast of Istanbuland convert|90|km|mi|0|abbr=on northeast of Kütahya. The province covers an area of convert|2678|km2|sqmi|0|abbr=on. [cite web|url=http://www.statoids.com/ytr.html|title=Statistical information on districts of Turkey|accessdate=2008-04-12|author=Statoids|language=English]
The name Eskişehir literally means "Old City" in Turkish, although the locational suffix "şehir" is derived from the Persian word "shahr" (
Persian: شهر), meaning "city". Indeed the city was founded by the Phrygiansin about 1000 BC. Many Phrygian artifacts and sculptures can still be found in its Archeological Museum. There is also a museum of meerschaumstone, whose production remains still notable, used to make high quality meerschaum pipes. In the fourth century AD the city moved about ten km northeast, from Karadja Hissar to Shehir Euyuk.
Whenever it was mentioned by ancient geographers, the city was described as one of the most beautiful in
As with many towns in
Anatolia, Christianityarrived after Constantine the Greatmade it the official religionof the Roman Empire. Beginning in the 4th century, records exist of bishops holding office in Eskişehir. The city was known as Dorylaeum, then. One of these bishops, Eusebius, was heavily involved in shaping the evolving dogmaof the church.
Modern-day Eskişehir is one of Turkey's foremost industrial cities. Traditionally dependent on flour-milling and brickyards, the city expanded with the building of railway workshops in 1894 for work on the
Berlin-Baghdad Railway. Eskişehir was also the site of Turkey's first aviation industry (Aeronautical Supply Maintenance Centre) and its air baseis the headquarters of Turkey's First Tactical Air Force, on NATO's southern flank during the Cold War.
Eskişehir is one of the largest industrial centres of Turkey, with several modern industries, producing trucks, home appliances, railway locomotives, fighter aircraft engine, agricultural equipment, textiles, brick, cement, chemicals, processed meerschaum and refined sugar.
Most of Eskişehir was rebuilt after the
Turkish War of Independence (1919-1922). It is a well-functioning attractive place, but with few old attractions. One exception is the Kursunlu Camii Mosque.huh Near Eskişehir lies the site of the ancient Phrygiancity of Dorylaeum. Eskişehir is noted for its hot sulphur springs.
There are two universities in Eskişehir. These are
Anadolu Universityand Eskişehir Osmangazi University. The current Metropolitan Mayor of Eskişehir Prof. Dr. Yılmaz Büyükerşenwas formerly the rector of Anadolu University.
The city has a significant population of
Crimean Tatars. It also attracted ethnic Turks emigrating from Bulgariaand Romaniawho contributed to the development of the city's metalworking industries.
Battal Gazi- 8th century Muslimsaint buried in Seyitgazi
Yunus Emre- 13th century Turkish folk poet
Sheik Edebali- 13th century religious leader, spiritual founder of the Ottoman Empire
Behiç Erkin- Turkish Schindler born in İstanbul, buried in Eskişehir train station courtyard
Cüneyt Arkın- Film star
Serpil Çakmaklı- Film star
Yılmaz Büyükerşen- Mayor of Eskişehir
Zeki Sezer- Leader of DSP
İlhan Mansız- Football player
Neslihan Demir Darnel- Volleyball player
Ersan Ilyasova- Basketball player
Kerem Gönlüm- Basketball player
Hatice Guner- Industrial Engineer
Eskişehir Osmangazi University
* [http://wikitravel.org/en/Eskişehir Wikitravel article on Eskişehir]
* [http://www.eskisehir.gov.tr/ District governor's official website]
** [http://www.eskisehir.gov.tr/images/harita_merkez.jpgMap of Eskişehir central district]
* [http://www.eskisehir-bld.gov.tr/ District municipality's official website]
* [http://www.eskisehir.pol.tr Eskişehir Police Headquarters]
* [http://www.eskisehirli.com Local information website]
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